This section covers a wide range of topics related to business and economics. It includes discussions on trade (both balance of trade and international aspects like tariffs), commerce (encompassing boards of trade, chambers of commerce, and merchants associations), business practices (accounting, bookkeeping, advertising, business communication, ethics, mathematics, and records management), marketing and sales (including retail, secondhand trade, and shopping centers), organizational management (office management, personnel management, and industrial psychology), financial aspects (banking, foreign exchange, and insurance), and economic perspectives (economic history, theory, demography, and geography, including the economic geography of oceans). The section also explores specific areas like the black market, canvassing, department stores, and vocational guidance, aiming to provide comprehensive insights into the multifaceted world of business and economics.
Andry Rachmadany (Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo , Indonesia)
Yuliana Melita Pranoto (Sekolah Tinggi Teknik Surabaya , Indonesia)
Gunawan Gunawan (Sekolah Tinggi Teknik Surabaya , Indonesia)
In the "Education" section of "Academia Open," we focus on a comprehensive exploration of educational paradigms, encompassing a broad spectrum that ranges from general education theories to the nuanced histories and special aspects of educational practice. This section is dedicated to a critical examination of the evolution and historical contexts of education systems globally, providing insights into how past educational developments inform current practices. It also delves deeply into specialized education areas, including but not limited to special education, adult education, and alternative educational models, addressing the diverse needs and approaches within the educational landscape. Furthermore, the section firmly grounds itself in the theory and practice of education, inviting scholarly discourse on pedagogical methodologies, curriculum development, and the efficacy of different educational approaches in meeting contemporary challenges. Through this multidimensional lens, the section aims to foster a rich, scholarly dialogue that contributes to the ongoing development and understanding of education as a pivotal societal pillar.
Norazlinda Saad (School of Education and Modern Languages, Universiti Utara Malaysia , Malaysia)
Surendran Sankaran (School of Education and Modern Languages, Universiti Utara Malaysia , Malaysia)