Vol 6 (2022): June (on progress)

An Analysis of Students Errors in Direct-Indirect Sentence in Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic of Tenth Grade Vocation High School
Analisis Kesalahan Siswa pada Kalimat Langsung Tidak Langsung dalam Pembelajaran Online pada Pandemi Covid-19 Kelas 10 SMK

Aruma Dwi Cindani
Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, Indonesia
Niko Fediyanto
Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, Indonesia *

(*) Corresponding Author
Picture in here are illustration from public domain image or provided by the author, as part of their works
Published October 20, 2021
  • Error Analysis,
  • Direct and Indirect Speech learning,
  • online learning
How to Cite
Cindani, A. D., & Fediyanto, N. (2021). An Analysis of Students Errors in Direct-Indirect Sentence in Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic of Tenth Grade Vocation High School. Academia Open, 6, 10.21070/acopen.6.2022.2556. https://doi.org/10.21070/acopen.6.2022.2556


This research refers to the phenomenon that occurs in the world of education in a pandemic situation. The author uses the object of research in class X-Banking students in the second semester of SMK Yapalis Krian for the academic year 2021/2022. The research sample was taken through the data of individual student assignments using the purposive sumpling method to select the object to be studied. In addition, students who will be studied tend to have low interest in participating in online learning. The purpose of this study was to obtain clear information about students' errors in learning Direct and Indirect speech in the sentence using qualitative descriptive methods. At the data collection stage, the author uses data triangulation methods such as observation checklists, documentation and open-ended interviews.The results showed that students made mistakes by being influenced by two factors that students tended to experience during direct and indirect learning, namely the lack of student interest in learning methods. This results in students often not participating in online learning. Furthermore, the most common errors found in students are grammatical errors. With > 8 students who have difficulty due to lack of mastery of grammar correctly.


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