Vol 8 (2023): June (in progress)

Analysis of Students' Difficulties in Writing Descriptive Texts Facing First Grade Students of Junior High School
Analisis Kesulitan Siswa dalam Menulis Teks Deskriptif yang Dihadapi Siswa Kelas I Sekolah Menengah Pertama

Titan Nur Maulidiyah
Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, Indonesia
Vidya Mandarani
Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, Indonesia *

(*) Corresponding Author
Picture in here are illustration from public domain image or provided by the author, as part of their works
Published June 26, 2023
  • Students’ Difficulties,
  • Writing,
  • Descriptive Text,
  • The Causes of Students’ Difficulties
How to Cite
Maulidiyah, T. N., & Mandarani, V. (2023). Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Writing Descriptive Texts Facing First Grade Students of Junior High School. Academia Open, 8, 10.21070/acopen.8.2023.3020. https://doi.org/10.21070/acopen.8.2023.3020


Descriptive text is one of the writing materials that is taught to seventh-grade students based on the curriculum of 2013, in descriptive text, students learn how to describe and make a text by writing their idea and information that they get from the subject. Unfortunately, there are still many students who don’t have enough capability to write descriptive text well because of some factors. This research is qualitative descriptive research. The data instruments were from the students’ writing exercises that were given by the researcher and the interview activities that were conducted with an English teacher and the first-grade students of SMP PGRI 16 Sidoarjo, then the data were analyzed to get the result. The data was taken from the first-grade students of SMP PGRI 16 Sidoarjo. The researcher wanted to know the students’ difficulties in writing descriptive text and the causes of students’ difficulties. The results indicate that the students’ difficulties in writing descriptive text are divided into three things, such as 1) the generic structure, 2) grammar (the use of the noun, pronoun, conjunction, preposition, and simple present tense), and 3) spelling. The causes of students’ difficulties in writing descriptive text are the lack of English Proficiency, lack of knowledge in descriptive text material, lack of interest in learning English, and the factors internal and external such as the family background and the skill or capability of the students.


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