Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol 6 (2022): June

The Effect of Picture Series through Retelling Story on Students’ Speaking Narrative at Elementary School
Pengaruh Picture Series melalui Retelling Story pada Narasi Berbicara Siswa di Sekolah Dasar

(*) Corresponding Author
June 30, 2022


The objective of this research is to know how effect picture series on students’ ability in retelling narrative story. The research methodology used in this research is pre experimental design. The result is used to know the effect of picture series through retelling story on students’ speaking narrative. This research was conducted at MTS Muhammadiyah 1 Taman. The sample was chosen from VIII B based on pre observation and pre interview students score that is the lowest of all classes. In collecting the data, this research use pretest and posttest. The test was asked students to perform speak in front of the class in minimal 5 minutes with retell story from picture series. In analysis the data the researcher scoring the score of pretest and posttest, after that drawing the conclusion with computerized of Ms. Excel. Through the analysis of the findings of pre-test and post-test, it can be concluded that picture series gave the positive effect toward students’ speaking ability, this can be seen from the improvement in the score of students in the course. Picture series leads the students’ being self-critical, because they can evaluate their mistakes by their selves. The result of the data revealed after implementing picture series, the students’ speaking scores were significantly better and well improved (the mean of pre-test = 72,43 and post-test = 77,79).


  1. Brown, H.D. (1980). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Englewood Cliff: Prentice
  2. Hall Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (5th Ed.). New York: Longman.
  3. Byrne. (1984). Teaching Oral English. New Jersey: Longman Group Ltd.
  4. Brown, H.D. (1997). Language Assessment. San Francisco State University:Longman.
  5. Brown, H (2001). Teaching by Principles: an Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. San Francisco: Longman.
  6. Hadi, Sutrisno. (1990). Metodologi Research. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.
  7. Hatch, E. & Farhady, H. (1982). Research Design and Statistic for Applied Linguistics. Teheran, Rahnama Publications.
  8. Harmer, Jeremy. (2001). The Practice of English Language Teaching (Fourth Ed). New York: Pearson Education Limited, Longman.
  9. Harmer, J. (2004). How to teach English. Cambridge: Longman.
  13. Gerot, & Wignell. (1998). Making Sense of Functional Grammar: An Introductory Workbook. Australia: Gred Stabler AEE.
  14. Kayi, Hayriye. (2006). Teaching Speaking: Activities to Promote Speaking in a Second Language. USA: University of Nevada
  15. Lado, Robert. (1997). Language Testing. New York: Longman
  16. Lerner, R.M. Dtainberg, Laurence D. (2004). Handbook Of Adolescent Psychology. New Jersey:
  17. John Willey Son.Luoma, Sari. (2004). Assessing Speaking: Cambridge Language Assessment Series: Cambridge University Press.
  18. Miller, S., & Pennycuff, L. (2008). The Power of Story: Using Storytelling to Improve Literacy Learning (36-43). Journal of Cross-Disciplinary Perspective in Education.
  19. Nunan, David. (1991). Second Language Teaching & Learning. Boston, MA: Heile & Heinle Publishers.
  20. Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publisher. ISBN 0-8384-0838-9. 330 pp.
  21. Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. New York: Mc Graw Hill
  22. Oradee, Thanyalak. (2012). Developing Speaking skills Using Three Communicative Activities (Discussion, Problem-Solving and Role Playing). Internal Journal of Social and Humanity, Vol. 2, No. 6 November 2012.
  23. Pennycuff, Lisa. (2008). The Power of Story: Using Storytelling to Improve Literacy Learning. Journal of Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives in Education, Vol.1, No. 1 January2008
  24. Rivers, W.M. (1978). Teaching Foreign Language Skills. Chicago: University Press.
  25. Sadiman, Arif.S. (1990). Media Pendidikan, Pengertian, Pengembangan, dan Pemanfaatannya (29-31). Jakarta: CV. Rajawali.
  26. Shohamy, E. (1985). A Practical Handbook in Language Testing For the Second LanguagemTeacher. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University.
  27. Sudjana, Nana. (1991). (Media Pengajaran (Penggunaan dan Pembuatannya). Bandung: Sinar Baru.
  28. Wright, A. (1989). Picture for Language Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress.
  29. Yulia, Siska. (2006). Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Rendahnya Kosakata Bahasa Inggris.
  30. Universitas Surabaya: Laboratorium Psikologi Pendidikan.
  31. Zyoud, Munther. (2016). Theoretical Perspective on How Develop Speaking Skill. Palestine: Al-Quds Open University.


Download data is not yet available.