Academia Open https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen <p>Academia Open is published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo published <strong>2 (two) issues per year (June and December)</strong>. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. This journal aims is to provide a place for academics and practitioners to publish original research and review articles. The articles basically contains any topics research or review. Academia Open is available in online version. Language used in this journal is Indonesia or English</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <table class="data" style="height: 363px;" width="700" bgcolor="#ced6e0"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Accredited</td> <td width="80%"> <p><a title="accreditation certificate" href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1T6zVE2KYDM8ez1sh--nHZgf4ljUXsUYT/view?usp=share_link" target="_blank" rel="noopener">"S5" by the Ministry of Research-Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia</a></p> </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Abbreviation</td> <td width="80%"><strong>ACADEMIA OPEN (ACOPEN)</strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">DOI</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2714-7444" target="_blank" rel="noopener">prefix 10.21070&nbsp;</a></strong><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2714-7444" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by&nbsp;</a><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2714-7444" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://assets.crossref.org/logo/crossref-logo-landscape-200.svg" alt="Crossref logo" width="75" height="18" data-pagespeed-url-hash="1514865408"></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Citation Analysis</td> <td width="80%"><strong>SCOPUS</strong>&nbsp;<strong>| Web of Science |&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;and_facet_source_title=jour.1385363" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Dimension</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Index Services</td> <td width="80%"><strong> <a title="Google Scholar" href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?hl=id&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=7&amp;gmla=AJsN-F7WKhIbtExEicOCCo2lCMhCwWum2yjmAwZsZpAfBiBj1mN1KZiOa9OmuAiKE2YOXKK3iK5Nvv26ogKmR8va-UBtWwOp5gSTVlOzin3dfE0JXXs1YP2IU6Q2FlcT4qYRtUbsAhrR&amp;user=pjZTLWQAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a>&nbsp;|&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/indexingservices" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Complete List</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">ISSN (online)</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a title="ISSN (online)" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1567576367" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2174-7444</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Publisher</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a title="Publisher" href="https://umsida.ac.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Editor in Chief</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/authors/profile/255752" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Mochammad Tanzil Multazam</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Managing Editor</td> <td width="80%"><a href="https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen"><strong>Laszlo Vasa</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Frequency</td> <td width="80%"><strong>2 (two) issues per year (June and December)</strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo en-US Academia Open 2714-7444 Liquidity in People's Credit Banks: NPL and Operational Costs in Sidoarjo, Indonesia https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/2673 <p>This study aimed to investigate the effect of Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs on the liquidity of conventional People's Credit Banks in Sidoarjo, Indonesia. The study used a quantitative research method with a multiple regression analysis processed using SPSS version 23. The sample consisted of 35 People's Credit Banks out of 59 registered in the Otoritas Jasa Keuangan during the 2020 period. The results showed that Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs did not have a partial effect on liquidity, but they had a simultaneous effect on liquidity.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study focuses on the impact of Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs on liquidity in People's Credit Banks in Sidoarjo, Indonesia.</li> <li>Quantitative research method and multiple regression analysis using SPSS version 23 were employed for data analysis.</li> <li>Findings indicate a simultaneous effect of Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs on liquidity in these banks.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Non-Performing Loan, Operational Costs, Liquidity, People's Credit Banks, Indonesia</p> Isnaini Nihlatul Qudus Sukma Nirwana Copyright (c) 2023 Isnaini, Nihlatul Qudus Sukma Nirwana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.2673 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.2673 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.2673 Financial Performance and Stock Prices in Tourism & Hospitality https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5397 <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-3"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p><button class="flex ml-auto gizmo:ml-0 gap-2 items-center rounded-md p-1 text-xs gizmo:gap-1.5 gizmo:pl-0 dark:text-gray-400 dark:hover:bg-gray-700 dark:hover:text-gray-200 disabled:dark:hover:text-gray-400 hover:bg-gray-100 hover:text-gray-700"></button>This study utilizes a quantitative approach to examine the relationship between financial performance indicators (ROA, ROE, EPS, and OPM) and stock prices in the tourism and hospitality sector from 2018 to 2021. Secondary data, sourced from the Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI) containing annual financial reports of listed companies, was analyzed using Multiple Linear Regression. The results indicate that ROA and ROE do not significantly affect stock prices, while EPS has a positive and significant impact, supporting Hypothesis 3. OPM, however, does not demonstrate a significant influence on stock prices, contradicting Hypothesis 4. These findings emphasize the critical role of earnings per share (EPS) in evaluating stock performance in the sector.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-5"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li>This study examines the relationship between financial performance indicators (ROA, ROE, EPS, OPM) and stock prices in the tourism and hospitality sector.</li> <li>Results indicate that ROA and ROE do not significantly impact stock prices, while EPS plays a crucial role.</li> <li>OPM was found to have no significant influence on stock prices, suggesting EPS is a vital metric for assessing stock performance in this industry.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Quantitative Analysis, Financial Performance, Stock Prices, Tourism and Hospitality, Earnings per Share (EPS)</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="flex justify-between lg:block"> <div class="text-gray-400 flex self-end lg:self-center justify-center gizmo:lg:justify-start mt-2 gizmo:mt-0 visible lg:gap-1 lg:absolute lg:top-0 lg:translate-x-full lg:right-0 lg:mt-0 lg:pl-2 gap-2 md:gap-3"><button class="flex ml-auto gizmo:ml-0 gap-2 items-center rounded-md p-1 text-xs gizmo:gap-1.5 gizmo:pl-0 dark:text-gray-400 dark:hover:bg-gray-700 dark:hover:text-gray-200 disabled:dark:hover:text-gray-400 hover:bg-gray-100 hover:text-gray-700"></button> <div class="flex gap-1 gizmo:gap-3">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="h-32 md:h-48 flex-shrink-0">&nbsp;</div> <button class="cursor-pointer absolute right-6 bottom-[124px] md:bottom-[180px] lg:bottom-[120px] z-10 rounded-full border border-gray-200 bg-gray-50 text-gray-600 dark:border-white/10 dark:bg-white/10 dark:text-gray-200"></button></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="absolute bottom-0 left-0 w-full border-t md:border-t-0 dark:border-white/20 md:border-transparent md:dark:border-transparent md:bg-vert-light-gradient bg-white dark:bg-gray-800 md:!bg-transparent dark:md:bg-vert-dark-gradient pt-2 md:pl-2 md:w-[calc(100%-.5rem)]"><form class="stretch mx-2 flex flex-row gap-3 last:mb-2 md:mx-4 md:last:mb-6 lg:mx-auto lg:max-w-2xl xl:max-w-3xl"> <div class="relative flex h-full flex-1 items-stretch md:flex-col"> <div> <div class="h-full flex ml-1 md:w-full md:m-auto md:mb-4 gap-0 md:gap-2 justify-center">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </form></div> Vivanda Adi Prima Suryo Herlinda Maya Kumala Sari Copyright (c) 2023 vivanda adiprimasuryo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5397 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5397 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5397 Enhancing Employee Performance: The Impact of Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5416 <p>This study investigates the influence of Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload on employee performance in a sample of 55 respondents from the UD. Sinar Mas organization. Employing a non-probability sampling method with saturated sampling technique, the study utilizes multiple linear regression analysis to analyze the data. The findings demonstrate that Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload all exert a positive and statistically significant impact on employee performance. This research underscores the importance of these factors in enhancing employee performance and provides valuable insights for organizations seeking to optimize their workforce's productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-5"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li>This study explores the influence of Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload on employee performance.</li> <li>Employing multiple linear regression analysis on a sample of 55 respondents, it identifies a significant positive impact of these factors on employee performance.</li> <li>The research offers valuable insights for organizations aiming to enhance workforce productivity.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Transformational Leadership, Motivation, Workload, Employee Performance, Saturated Sampling.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Rezza Baharuddin Prawibowo Detak Prapanca Copyright (c) 2023 REZZA BAHARUDIN PRAWIBOWO, Detak Prapanca https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5416 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5416 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5416 Spin-Off Impact on Islamic Banking Performance: A Comparative Analysis https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5435 <p>This study investigates the financial performance of a prominent Islamic bank before and after a spin-off, employing a Paired Sample T-Test with SPSS 25. The dataset spans three years pre-spin-off and three years post-spin-off. The research reveals significant disparities in several financial indicators: Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non-Performing Financing (NPF), Finance to Deposit Ratio (FDR), Return On Assets (ROA), and Operational Expenses to Operational Income (BOPO). These findings shed light on the profound implications of the spin-off on the bank's financial performance, offering valuable insights for practitioners and policymakers in the Islamic banking sector.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Spin-Off Impact: Explore the effects of a corporate spin-off on Islamic bank financial performance.</li> <li>Statistical Analysis: Utilize Paired Sample T-Test to rigorously assess pre- and post-spin-off financial data.</li> <li>Strategic Insights: Gain valuable insights into the implications of spin-offs for the Islamic banking industry.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Spin-Off, Islamic Banking, Financial Performance, Paired Sample T-Test, Comparative Analysis</p> Andrian Prawira Yudha Imelda Dian Rahmawati Copyright (c) 2023 Andrian Prawira Yudha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5435 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5435 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5435 Enhancing Customer Satisfaction in Automotive Service Centers: A Quantitative Analysis https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5482 <p>This quantitative research study aims to elucidate the impact of individual skills, facilities, and customer relationship management on customer satisfaction within the context of automotive service centers. The study, conducted with a sample of 100 Honda customers, employed cluster random sampling and Likert scale surveys. The findings reveal that individual skills significantly and positively influence customer satisfaction (p &lt; 0.05, t = 7.119), as do facility-related factors (p &lt; 0.05, t = 3.204). However, customer relationship management, when considered individually, does not exhibit a significant impact (p &gt; 0.05, t = 0.311). Notably, when analyzed collectively, these variables demonstrate a substantial and positive effect on customer satisfaction (p &lt; 0.05). These results underscore the importance of individual skills and service facilities in bolstering customer satisfaction in the automotive service industry, while suggesting potential areas for improvement in customer relationship management practices. This research holds implications for service providers seeking to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Individual skills and service facilities have a significant positive impact on customer satisfaction in automotive service centers.</li> <li>Customer relationship management, while not individually significant, contributes positively when considered collectively with other factors.</li> <li>This research offers valuable insights for service providers looking to improve customer satisfaction and loyalty in the automotive service industry.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Automotive Service Centers, Customer Satisfaction, Individual Skills, Facilities, Customer Relationship Management</p> Katerina Putri Prameswari Hasan Ubaidillah Copyright (c) 2023 Katerina Putri Prameswari, Hasan Ubaidillah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5482 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5482 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5482 Determinants of Automotive Sub-Sector Profitability: A 2017-2020 Analysis on Indonesian Stock Exchange https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5500 <p>This study investigates the impact of liquidity, capital structure, firm size, and effective tax rate on the profitability of companies within the automotive sub-sector listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange from 2017 to 2020. Employing purposive sampling, a sample of 12 companies was selected, and secondary data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The findings reveal that liquidity, capital structure, firm size, and effective tax rate each individually influence profitability within the automotive sub-sector. Furthermore, when considered together, these factors exhibit a simultaneous impact on profitability. These results contribute to a deeper understanding of the financial dynamics within the automotive industry, offering valuable insights for practitioners, policymakers, and researchers in the global context.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Comprehensive Analysis: This study examines the impact of key financial factors on automotive sub-sector profitability.</li> <li>Strategic Sample Selection: Purposive sampling ensures a focused and representative sample of 12 companies.</li> <li>Holistic Insights: The study's combined findings shed light on the simultaneous influence of liquidity, capital structure, firm size, and effective tax rate, enhancing our understanding of the automotive industry's financial dynamics.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Liquidity, Capital Structure, Firm Size, Effective Tax Rate, Automotive Sub-Sector Profitability.</p> Ainun Najib Misti Hariasih Copyright (c) 2023 Ainun Najib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5500 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5500 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5500 Employee Performance: The Effects of Supervision, Work Discipline, and Work Environment https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5514 <p>This study aims to describe and analyze the influence of supervision, work discipline, and the work environment on employee performance. A quantitative approach with hypothesis testing was employed, utilizing multiple linear regression analysis in SPSS version 22. The research sample consisted of 55 employees from an undisclosed organization. Primary data were collected through direct distribution of questionnaires measured using a Likert scale, validated, and tested for reliability. The findings reveal that supervision, work discipline, and the work environment have partial positive effects on employee performance, and collectively, they significantly enhance employee performance. This study contributes valuable insights into the multifaceted factors affecting employee performance, offering practical implications for organizations seeking to optimize their workforce productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Comprehensive Analysis: This study employs quantitative methods to comprehensively analyze the impact of supervision, work discipline, and the work environment on employee performance.</li> <li>Partial Influences: The research highlights the individual partial influences of supervision, work discipline, and the work environment on employee performance, shedding light on their specific roles within the organizational context.</li> <li>Collective Enhancement: The study underscores the collective positive influence of these variables, emphasizing their combined impact on significantly improving overall employee performance.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Supervision, Work Discipline, Work Environment, Employee Performance, Quantitative Analysis</p> Ridha Arizka Darmawan Sumartik Copyright (c) 2023 Ridha Arizka Darmawan, Sumartik Sumartik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5514 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5514 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5514 Influential Factors on Online Repurchase Intentions: A Study on Tokopedia Marketplace https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5367 <p>This quantitative study investigates the impact of trust, risk perception, and perceived benefits on online repurchase intentions within the Tokopedia marketplace. Conducted in Sidoarjo, Indonesia, the research sampled individuals who had made multiple purchases on Tokopedia. Findings reveal that trust exerts a positive partial influence on online repurchase intentions, while risk perception and perceived benefits also influence repurchase intentions positively. Collectively, these factors underscore the complex dynamics of consumer behavior in the online marketplace, offering insights for e-commerce platforms and marketers seeking to enhance customer loyalty and repeat purchases.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>This study examines the influence of trust, risk perception, and perceived benefits on online repurchase intentions in the Tokopedia marketplace.</li> <li>Trust plays a significant positive role in shaping online repurchase intentions.</li> <li>Findings provide valuable insights for e-commerce platforms and marketers aiming to foster customer loyalty and repeat purchases in the online marketplace.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Online Repurchase Intentions,Trust, Risk Perception,&nbsp; Perceived Benefits, Tokopedia Marketplace</p> Adam Jody Suwarno Suwarno Lilik Indayani Copyright (c) 2023 Adam Jody Suwarno Suwarno, Lilik Indayani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5367 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5367 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5367 Factors Influencing Client Loyalty in a Tax Consultant Office https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/4590 <p>This study aims to investigate the influence of relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust on client loyalty in a tax consultant office. The population of this study was 101, and the sample size was 38, selected using nonprobability sampling with the accidental sampling method. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the data with SPSS version 26. The results showed that relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust had a significant positive effect on client loyalty. The findings of this study have implications for tax consultant offices to improve their relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust to enhance client loyalty.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li><span class="">The study examines the impact of multiple factors on client loyalty in a tax consultant office.</span></li> <li><span class="">The sample size of 38 was selected using nonprobability sampling with the accidental sampling method.</span></li> <li><span class="">The findings suggest that improving relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust can enhance client loyalty in tax consultant offices.</span></li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, trust, client loyalty</p> Melinda Rofiatul Adhaniyah Herman Ernandi Copyright (c) 2023 Melinda Rofiatul Adhaniyah, Herman Ernandi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.4590 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.4590 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.4590 TikTok Celebrities as Role Models: Imitation or Innovation? https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5321 <p>This qualitative study aimed to analyze the TikTok accounts of @ayuanzillah and @yusni.a, with a focus on the self-existence of teenagers in Jiken village. The study used purposive sampling and descriptive qualitative analysis to examine the videos uploaded on the accounts. The results showed that the videos were not original but rather copied from other sources, indicating a trend-following behavior rather than trend-setting. The TikTok celebrities exhibited a calm demeanor to maintain their online presence and avoid negative feedback from netizens. The motivational quotes shared on the platform were mostly based on personal experiences and aimed to inspire others. The study implies that TikTok celebrities can serve as role models for teenagers, but their influence should be monitored to ensure that they promote positive values and behaviors.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li><span class="">The study used purposive sampling and descriptive qualitative analysis to examine the TikTok accounts of @ayuanzillah and @yusni.a, with a focus on the self-existence of teenagers in Jiken village. The results showed that the videos were not original but rather copied from other sources, indicating a trend-following behavior rather than trend-setting.</span></li> <li><span class="">The study implies that TikTok celebrities can serve as role models for teenagers, but their influence should be monitored to ensure that they promote positive values and behaviors.</span></li> <li><span class="">TikTok has policies regarding inactive accounts and verified accounts. A verified badge means that TikTok has confirmed the account belongs to the person or brand it represents, and an inactive account may have its username reset if it remains inactive for 180 days or more</span></li> </ul> <p><span class=""><strong>Keywords:</strong> </span><span class="">TikTok, </span><span class="">Purposive sampling,</span><span class="">Descriptive qualitative analysis,</span><span class="">Trend-following behavior,</span><span class="">Role models</span></p> Haniyah Febriyanti Rosadi Nur Maghfirah Aesthetika Copyright (c) 2023 Haniyah Febriyanti Rosadi, Haniyah Febriyanti Rosadi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5321 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5321 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5321 Rural Financial Management: Moderating Role of Internal Control in the Digital Governance Era. https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5671 <p>This research investigates the impact of Information Technology Advancement (IT) in rural areas, particularly the Village Financial Management System (Siskeudes), with a focus on its interaction with internal control systems. Through a sample of 30 village secretaries and treasurers in the Buduran District, Sidoarjo Regency, the study employs direct surveys and questionnaires for data collection. Utilizing IBM SPSS Statistics 25, the analysis reveals a significant positive influence of both internal control systems and IT advancement on rural financial management. Notably, internal control systems were found to moderate the relationship between IT advancement and financial governance. These findings underscore the vital role of internal controls in optimizing the benefits of IT solutions, offering valuable insights for global policymakers and practitioners involved in rural development and digital governance.<br><br><strong>Highlights :<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>The research examines the synergy between Information Technology Advancement and Internal Control Systems in rural financial management.</li> <li>Findings reveal a significant positive influence of both Internal Control Systems and IT advancement on rural financial governance.</li> <li>Internal Control Systems play a crucial moderating role in enhancing the impact of IT solutions, providing essential insights for global policymakers and practitioners in rural development and digital governance.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong>Information Technology Advancement, Village Financial Management System, Internal Control Systems, Rural Development, Digital Governance.</p> Isnaini Rochmaniah Imelda Dian Rahmawati Copyright (c) 2023 Isnaini Rochmaniah Nia, Imelda Dian Rahmawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5671 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5671 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5671 Factors Affecting Employee Performance: A Quantitative Study https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5322 <div class="pb-md mb-md border-b border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="relative default font-sans text-base text-textMain dark:text-textMainDark selection:bg-superDuper selection:text-textMain"> <div class="break-words min-w-0 [word-break:break-word]"> <div dir="auto"> <div class="prose dark:prose-invert inline leading-normal break-words min-w-0 [word-break:break-word]"><span class="">This study aimed to examine the influence of work discipline, work ethos, and work environment on employee performance using a quantitative method. The study collected data from 169 production employees using a questionnaire and analyzed the data using SPSS 22. The results showed that work discipline, work ethos, and work environment have a significant impact on employee performance, and these factors have a simultaneous effect on employee performance. The study's implication is that companies should prioritize work discipline, work ethos, and work environment to improve employee performance. The study adds to the growing body of research on the importance of these factors in enhancing employee performance.</span></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="">&nbsp;</div> <div class=""> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> </div> </div> </div> <div> <ul> <li><span class="">The study used a quantitative method to examine the impact of work discipline, work ethos, and work environment on employee performance.</span></li> <li><span class="">The study collected data from 169 production employees using a questionnaire and analyzed the data using SPSS 22.</span></li> <li><span class="">The results showed that work discipline, work ethos, and work environment have a significant impact on employee performance, and these factors have a simultaneous effect on employee performance. The study's implication is that companies should prioritize work discipline, work ethos, and work environment to improve employee performance.</span></li> </ul> </div> <div><strong>Keywords:</strong> work discipline, work ethos, work environment, employee performance, quantitative method</div> <div class="pb-md mb-md border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class=""> <div class="my-md md:my-lg">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> Erlina Rahmawati Hasan Ubaidillah Copyright (c) 2023 Erlina Rahmawati, Hasan Ubaidillah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5322 Digital Dynamics: Nurturing Entrepreneurial Spirits in Accounting Students https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5645 <p>This research delves into the entrepreneurial aspirations of accounting students, exploring the impact of family environment, self-efficacy, and income expectations, with e-commerce as a moderating factor. Utilizing a sample of 66 respondents from Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, data was gathered through questionnaires and processed using SmartPLS. The findings reveal significant positive influences: family environment, self-efficacy, and income expectations all contribute to entrepreneurial interest. Interestingly, e-commerce weakens the influence of family environment while bolstering the effect of self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intentions. Additionally, it diminishes the impact of income expectations on students' entrepreneurial pursuits. These insights provide crucial understanding for educators and policymakers, emphasizing the intricate interplay of personal, familial, and digital factors in shaping the entrepreneurial mindset among future accountants.<br><br><strong>Highlights :<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Interconnected Influences: Family, self-efficacy, and income expectations significantly shape entrepreneurial interests among accounting students.</li> <li>Digital Moderation: E-commerce acts as a moderating factor, weakening family influence while strengthening self-efficacy in entrepreneurial intentions.</li> <li>Educational Implications: Insights inform educators and policymakers about the complex interplay of personal, familial, and digital factors, vital for nurturing entrepreneurial mindsets in future accountants.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong>Entrepreneurship, Family Environment, Self-Efficacy, Income Expectations, E-Commerce</p> Rizky Nur Aziz Fityan Izza Noor Abidin Copyright (c) 2023 Rizky Nur Aziz, Fityan Izza Noor Abidin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5645 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5645 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5645 Service Quality, Price, and Customer Satisfaction Impact on Customer Loyalty: Evidence from a Furniture Retail Study https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5698 <p>This quantitative research study investigates the influence of service quality, price, and customer satisfaction on customer loyalty within the context of a furniture retail establishment. A purposive sampling method was employed, involving 100 consumers of the retail store. Data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS statistical software (version 25). The findings affirm that service quality, price, and customer satisfaction significantly impact customer loyalty, highlighting their pivotal roles in shaping consumer behavior. These results offer valuable insights for businesses seeking to enhance customer loyalty and, by extension, improve their competitiveness in the global marketplace.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Key Findings: Service quality, price, and customer satisfaction are crucial determinants of customer loyalty in the retail sector.</li> <li>&nbsp;Methodology: Quantitative research using SPSS software and purposive sampling with a sample size of 100 consumers.</li> <li>Implications: Businesses should prioritize service quality, pricing strategies, and customer satisfaction to foster customer loyalty and enhance competitiveness.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Service Quality, Price, Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty, Retail Study</p> Alfaris Sururi Dewi Komala Sari Copyright (c) 2023 ALFARIS SURURI, Dewi Komala Sari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5698 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5698 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5698 Effect of Service Quality, Price, and Location on Customer Loyalty: A Pandemic-Era Barbershop Study https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5724 <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-szhau-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-szhau-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-5"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 gizmo:w-full md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>This study investigates the impact of service quality, price, and location on customer loyalty, with customer satisfaction as the mediating variable, in the context of a barbershop during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a quantitative approach, data from 100 respondents who visited Elcapitano barbershop in Sidoarjo were collected through purposive nonprobability sampling. The research employs path analysis via Smart PLS 3.0. The findings reveal that service quality significantly influences customer loyalty, while price has no significant effect on loyalty, and location also does not impact loyalty. Furthermore, service quality positively affects customer satisfaction, price affects customer satisfaction, and location influences customer satisfaction. Lastly, customer satisfaction is shown to have a significant influence on customer loyalty. Specifically, service quality influences customer loyalty through customer satisfaction, whereas price does not affect loyalty through satisfaction, and location affects loyalty through customer satisfaction. These findings offer valuable insights for barbershop owners and similar businesses in enhancing customer loyalty during challenging times, such as a pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Mediating Role of Customer Satisfaction: This study underscores the crucial role of customer satisfaction as a mediator in the relationship between service quality, price, location, and customer loyalty. It highlights how a satisfied customer base is essential for building loyalty.</li> <li>Impact of Service Quality: The research emphasizes the significant influence of service quality on customer loyalty, underscoring the importance of providing high-quality services to retain and attract loyal customers.</li> <li>Resilience in Challenging Times: This study's relevance extends to businesses facing challenges like the COVID-19 pandemic, as it provides insights into strategies for maintaining and strengthening customer loyalty even during such difficult periods.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> service quality, price, location, customer loyalty, customer satisfaction</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Ahmad Rizki Zamnur Slamet Harjatno Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Rizki Zamnur, Slamet Harjatno https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5724 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5724 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5724 Assessing the Feasibility of an Edutech Startup: A Non-Financial and Financial Perspective https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5570 <p>This empirical study examines the viability of an edutech startup focused on skill enhancement for students and fresh graduates. Employing a mixed-methods approach, the research assesses both non-financial and financial aspects. The findings indicate that the venture is feasible in terms of management, resources, market, marketing, socio-economic factors, and technical operations. From a financial perspective, the venture shows promise with favorable indicators, including the payback period, profitability index, and average rate of return. These results have significant implications for addressing the skills gap in the edutech industry, improving graduate employability, and enhancing competitiveness in the job market.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study utilizes a mixed-methods approach for a comprehensive evaluation of the edutech venture's feasibility.</li> <li>Both non-financial and financial aspects are examined, affirming the venture's potential for success.</li> <li>The research has broad implications for addressing the skills gap, improving graduate employability, and enhancing competitiveness in the job market.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Edutech Startup, Feasibility Assessment, Skill Enhancement, Graduates, Employability</p> Qirbi Ibrahim Heri Widodo Copyright (c) 2023 Qirbi Ibrahim, Heri Widodo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5570 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5570 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5570 Employee Performance: Organizational Culture, Occupational Health and Safety (K3), with Job Satisfaction as a Mediator https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5561 <p>The study aimed to explore the impact of organizational culture and occupational health and safety on employee performance and job satisfaction. Using a quantitative approach with 170 purposively sampled respondents, the research employed smartPLS for analysis. Findings revealed a positive influence of organizational culture on performance and job satisfaction. However, occupational health and safety showed no direct impact on performance. Interestingly, organizational culture indirectly affected performance through job satisfaction as a mediating variable. Similarly, occupational health and safety influenced performance through job satisfaction. Overall, job satisfaction emerged as a key factor affecting employee performance.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Organizational Culture Impact: The study reveals a significant influence of organizational culture on employee performance, emphasizing the pivotal role that the workplace environment and values play in shaping individual effectiveness.</p> </li> <li> <p>Occupational Health and Safety Nexus: Interestingly, the research indicates no direct impact of occupational health and safety on employee performance. This finding prompts further exploration into the nuanced relationships between workplace safety measures and overall job effectiveness.</p> </li> <li> <p>Job Satisfaction as a Mediator: The study underscores the crucial role of job satisfaction as a mediator, demonstrating how it bridges the influence of organizational culture and health and safety measures to ultimately impact employee performance. This highlights the interconnected nature of workplace elements in shaping job satisfaction and, subsequently, performance.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Organizational Culture, Occupational Health and Safety (K3), Employee Performance, Job Satisfaction</p> Bagus Irawan Sumartik Copyright (c) 2023 bagus bagus irawan, Sumartik SE,.MM Sumartik SE,.MM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5561 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5561 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5561 Enhancing Employee Performance: The Impact of Quality of Work Life, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Work Motivation https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5522 <p>This study employs a quantitative approach to investigate the causal relationships between Quality of Work Life (QWL), Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB), Work Motivation, and Employee Performance within a sample of 50 respondents from a tollroad operator. The findings reveal that QWL, OCB, and work motivation each have a significant positive impact on employee performance. These results underscore the importance of creating a conducive work environment, promoting positive organizational behavior, and motivating employees to achieve higher performance levels. This study contributes to the understanding of factors that drive employee performance and offers practical implications for organizations aiming to improve their workforce's effectiveness and productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Quality of Work Life, OCB, and Work Motivation positively influence Employee Performance.</li> <li>Quantitative approach used to analyze the causal relationships.</li> <li>Practical implications for organizations seeking to enhance workforce effectiveness.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Employee Performance, Quality of Work Life, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Work Motivation, Causality</p> Audi Sulthan Fadhlurahman Detak prapanca Copyright (c) 2023 Audi Sulthan fadhlurahman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5522 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5522 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5522 Compensation, Leadership, and Work Discipline: Influences on Employee Performance https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5551 <p>This study investigates the impact of compensation and leadership on employee performance, with work discipline serving as an intervening variable. Using a saturated sample of 37 employees at an undisclosed organization, the research employs Partial Least Square analysis. The findings reveal that compensation and leadership both significantly influence work discipline and employee performance. Moreover, work discipline significantly affects employee performance. Notably, leadership exerts a significant influence on employee performance through work discipline, while compensation directly does not. These results underscore the critical role of leadership and compensation in shaping work discipline and, ultimately, employee performance, offering valuable insights for organizational management and human resource practices.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Compensation and Leadership Influence: Both compensation and leadership play pivotal roles in shaping work discipline and employee performance.</p> </li> <li> <p>Work Discipline's Mediating Role: Work discipline acts as a significant intermediary in the relationship between leadership and employee performance.</p> </li> <li> <p>Practical Implications: These findings have practical implications for organizations aiming to enhance employee performance through effective compensation strategies and leadership practices.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Compensation, Leadership, Work Discipline, Employee Performance, Intervening Variable</p> Ronald Firdaus Sumartik Copyright (c) 2023 Ronald Firdaus, Sumartik SE.MM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5551 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5551 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5551 Job Insecurity, Work Environment, and Job Satisfaction: An Investigation with a Mediating Role of Job Stress https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5552 <p>This quantitative study aims to investigate the impact of job insecurity and work environment on job satisfaction, with job stress serving as the mediating variable, within the context of a manufacturing company. Data were collected from 54 employees through questionnaire surveys. The findings reveal that job insecurity and work environment have a significant influence on job satisfaction, with work-related stress playing a significant mediating role. Interestingly, job insecurity and work environment do not directly affect job satisfaction, but their effects are mediated by job stress. These results shed light on the complex interplay of factors influencing job satisfaction and highlight the importance of addressing job stress to enhance overall employee well-being and satisfaction in the workplace.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Job stress mediates the relationship between job insecurity and work environment with job satisfaction.</li> <li>Quantitative study conducted in a manufacturing company with 54 employee participants.</li> <li>Findings emphasize the importance of addressing job stress to enhance employee well-being and satisfaction in the workplace.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Job Insecurity, Work Environment, Job Satisfaction, Job Stress, Mediation</p> Denny Andrea Selan Rifdah Abadiyah Copyright (c) 2023 Denny Andrea Selan, Rifdah Abadiyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5552 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5552 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5552 Catalysts of Customer Satisfaction: A Quantitative Analysis of Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5553 <p>This research aims to investigate the impact of Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere on Customer Satisfaction in the context of Starbucks Coffee consumers at Suncity Mall Sidoarjo. Utilizing a quantitative approach, data was collected from 100 respondents through questionnaires. The analysis employed multiple linear regression with SPSS 18.0, revealing that Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere significantly influence Customer Satisfaction. These findings have important implications for businesses seeking to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty through strategic management of these factors.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Influence of Key Factors: Investigates how Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere impact Customer Satisfaction.</li> <li>Quantitative Approach: Employs a quantitative methodology with 100 respondents to analyze the relationships.</li> <li>Practical Implications: Offers insights for businesses to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty through strategic management.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Brand Image, Service Quality, Store Atmosphere, Customer Satisfaction, Quantitative Study</p> Firman Ardiansyah Lilik Indrayani Copyright (c) 2023 Firman Ardiansyah, Lilik Indrayani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5553 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5553 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5553 Consumer Loyalty: Brand Perception, Trust, Product Quality, and the Mediating Role of Customer Satisfaction https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5562 <p>This study investigates the influence of brand image, brand trust, and product quality on consumer loyalty towards Converse footwear, utilizing customer satisfaction as an intervening variable. Conducted among Converse shoe consumers in Sidoarjo, the research employs a quantitative approach with accidental sampling. Data is collected through questionnaires distributed to consumers. Path analysis using SPSS reveals that brand image, brand trust, and product quality significantly affect consumer loyalty through customer satisfaction as an intervening factor. These findings provide valuable insights for brand management and marketing strategies in the global footwear industry.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study focuses on consumer loyalty in the context of Converse footwear.</li> <li>It highlights the role of customer satisfaction as an intervening variable.</li> <li>Findings provide insights for global brand management and marketing strategies.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Brand Image, Brand Trust, Product Quality, Consumer Loyalty, Customer Satisfaction</p> Muhammad Eko Rizky Misti Hariasih Hariasih Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Eko Rizky Rizky, Misti Hariasih Hariasih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5562 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5562 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5562 Job Satisfaction: Motivation, Empowerment, Compensation, and Transformational Leadership Impact https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5590 <p>This study aims to investigate the influence of work motivation, employee empowerment, compensation, and transformational leadership on job satisfaction among employees. Employing a quantitative research design with hypothesis testing, a sample of 75 respondents from various professional backgrounds participated in the study using the accidental sampling technique. Data collected through Likert-scale questionnaires were analyzed using the SmartPLS 3.0 software. The results demonstrate that work motivation, employee empowerment, compensation, and transformational leadership are all positively and significantly related to job satisfaction. These findings highlight the importance of these factors in enhancing job satisfaction, which has implications for organizations seeking to improve employee well-being and productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Positive Relationships: Work motivation, employee empowerment, and compensation positively impact job satisfaction.</li> <li>Leadership Influence: Transformational leadership significantly contributes to higher job satisfaction.</li> <li>Organizational Implications: Findings have practical implications for enhancing employee well-being and productivity.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Job Satisfaction, Work Motivation, Employee Empowerment, Compensation, Transformational Leadership</p> Beti Aprilia Pratiwi Sriyono Djemain Copyright (c) 2023 Beti Aprilia Pratiwi, Sriyono Djemain https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5590 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5590 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5590 Motivation's Mediating Role in HR Information System , Career Development, and Employee Performance. https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5633 <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-ccwxu-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-ccwxu-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm gizmo:pb-9 dark:bg-gray-800 gizmo:dark:bg-transparent"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-3"> <div class="p-4 gizmo:py-2 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full gap-3 gizmo:gap-0"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message peer flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words peer-[.text-message]:mt-5 overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="c7739efe-8ea8-459b-928a-d3484e7ece39"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>This quantitative study aims to examine the influence of HR Information System (HRIS), career development, and organizational commitment on employee performance, with motivation as an intervening variable. The research population consists of 147 employees, with a sample of 60 selected using simple random sampling. Data collection employed questionnaires and interviews, with data analysis conducted using SmartPLS 3.2.8 software. The path analysis revealed that HRIS significantly affects employee performance, while career development and organizational commitment do not. HRIS and career development significantly influence motivation, while organizational commitment does not. Moreover, motivation significantly impacts employee performance. Notably, HRIS and career development have a significant impact on employee performance through motivation as an intervening variable, whereas organizational commitment does not have a significant influence on employee performance through motivation as an intervening variable. This study underscores the pivotal role of motivation in enhancing employee performance and provides valuable insights for organizations seeking to optimize their HR practices.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>HR Information System's significant impact on employee performance.</li> <li>Motivation's pivotal role as an intermediary in the relationship between HRIS, career development, and employee performance.</li> <li>Insights for optimizing HR practices in organizations.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> HR Information System, Career Development, Organizational Commitment, Motivation, Employee Performance</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Ahmad Rivaldi Mareyza Sumartik Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Rivaldi Mareyza, Sumartik Sumartik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5633 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5633 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5633 Consumer Choices: Impact of Advertising, Promotions, and Brand Image in Simpati Data Packages. https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5642 <p>This quantitative research aimed to investigate the individual and combined effects of advertising, sales promotion, and brand image on purchase decisions among consumers in Dusun Kedurus, Desa Kepatihan, Tulangan, Sidoarjo. A sample of 30 respondents was surveyed using questionnaires, and data were analyzed through multiple linear regression using SPSS 18.0. The findings revealed that advertising, sales promotion, and brand image had a partial and positive influence on purchase decisions. Moreover, when considered simultaneously, these factors collectively played a significant role in shaping consumers' purchase decisions. This study provides valuable insights for marketers and businesses in enhancing their marketing strategies to effectively influence consumer purchase behavior.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study explores the impact of advertising, sales promotion, and brand image on consumer purchase decisions.</li> <li>Quantitative research with a sample of 30 respondents in a specific location provides valuable insights.</li> <li>Findings emphasize the need for effective marketing strategies to influence consumer behavior.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Purchase decisions, Advertising, Sales promotion, Brand image, Consumer behavior</p> Mohammad Nafi Hartanto Mudji Astuti Copyright (c) 2023 Mohammad Nafi Hartanto, Mudji Astuti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5642 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5642 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.5642 Unveiling Baghdad's Urban Identity: A Comprehensive Study on the Dynamics of Urban Imprint https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8238 <p>This research examines the "urban imprint" from an environmental and architectural perspective, focusing on Baghdad, Iraq. Analyzing Baghdad's urban evolution, considering social activities, ideological concepts, and economic factors, it aims to delineate characteristics contributing to the city's unique imprint. It underscores urban sprawl, population growth, and modernity's impact on the urban landscape, emphasizing the need for standards aligning with the city's identity. Findings reveal a dynamic process influenced by fixed and variable factors. Implications stress physical form assimilation to reflect local values, promoting sustainable urbanization. The study calls to halt Baghdad's urban deterioration, emphasizing the importance of regularly updating city-specific requirements for urban imprint. This research informs the global discourse on urban identity and design.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>This research explores the concept of "urban imprint" with a focus on Baghdad, analyzing its historical evolution and factors shaping its unique urban identity.</li> <li>It highlights the ongoing dynamics of urban imprint influenced by urban sprawl, population growth, and modernization.</li> <li>The study emphasizes the need for tailored urban design standards to preserve local identity and promote sustainable urbanization.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Urban Imprint, Baghdad City, Urban Identity, Sustainable Urbanization, Environmental Factors</p> Asawer Abdulrahman Abbas Shaimaa Hameed Hussein Copyright (c) 2023 Asawer Abdulrahman Abbas, Shaimaa Hameed Hussein https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-10 2023-11-10 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8238 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8238 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8238 Effect of Stud Connector Diameter on the Behavior of Steel–Lightweight Self-Compacting Concrete Composite Beams with Partial shear Connection https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8385 <p>This study investigates the efficacy of using lightweight self-compacting concrete (LWSCC) in steel-concrete composite beams, focusing on the role of headed stud connectors in shear connection. The research aimed to evaluate the behavior and shear strength of M16 and M20 headed stud connectors within LWSCC. To this end, six push-out test samples and six simply supported steel-LWSCC composite beams were fabricated and tested, with variables including the degree of shear connection (DSC) and stud diameter. The results demonstrated that an increase in DSC significantly enhanced the ultimate load capacity, service load, and stiffness of the composite beams, with marked improvements observed in the beams with M16 connectors (94%, 95%, and 122%, respectively) and those with M20 connectors (43%, 43%, and 20%, respectively). Furthermore, increasing the stud diameter from 16mm to 20mm resulted in a 38% increase in shear strength of the connectors and notably improved the mechanical characteristics of the beams. The study also found that while an increased DSC reduces deflection at ultimate and service loads due to heightened stiffness, a larger stud diameter has only a marginal effect on deflection. This research highlights the potential of LWSCC in enhancing the structural performance of steel-concrete composite beams, particularly with optimized shear connections, offering valuable insights for advancements in construction materials and methods.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>Enhanced Load Capacity: Increase in the degree of shear connection significantly boosts ultimate load capacity and stiffness in composite beams.</li> <li>Stud Diameter Impact: A 38% rise in shear strength is achieved by increasing stud diameter from 16mm to 20mm.</li> <li>Deflection Reduction: Higher degree of shear connection effectively minimizes deflection, though stud diameter has minimal impact.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>Lightweight Self-Compacting Concrete, Steel-Concrete Composite Beams, Shear Connection, Headed Stud Connectors, Structural Performance.</p> Bayadir Abed Hadi Samoel Mahdi Saleh Copyright (c) 2024 Bayadir Abed Hadi, Samoel Mahdi Saleh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-02 2024-01-02 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8385 Isoxazolidine Derivatives Exhibit Selective Antitumor Activity Against Breast Cancer Cells https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8148 <p>Breast cancer, a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women, necessitates effective therapeutic interventions. Heterocyclic compounds, prevalent in FDA-approved pharmaceuticals, play a pivotal role in drug development. This study focuses on isoxazolidine derivatives, a subgroup of nitrogen and oxygen-containing heterocycles, known for their potential in antitumor applications. A series of novel isoxazolidine compounds were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer efficacy using MTT assays against MCF-7 and HdFn cell lines, alongside normal cells. Structural elucidation employed FT-IR, 13C-NMR, 1H-NMR, and E-I mass spectroscopy. Results revealed compound (IZ3) with an IC50 value of 32.49 µg/ml, demonstrating notable antitumor activity in MCF-7 cells compared to HdFn. Notably, compounds (IZ1 and IZ2) exhibited IC50 values of 64 µg/ml and 128 µg/ml, respectively. These findings underscore the potential of isoxazolidine derivatives as promising candidates for targeted breast cancer therapies, warranting further investigation in preclinical models and clinical trials.</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <ul> <li>Novel Isoxazolidine Compounds: Synthesized and Evaluated</li> <li>Selective Antitumor Activity: Demonstrated in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells</li> <li>Promising Therapeutic Candidates: Isoxazolidine Derivatives for Targeted Breast Cancer Therapy</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Breast cancer, Isoxazolidine Derivatives, Antitumor Activity, Heterocyclic Compounds, Drug Development</p> Wijdan Abbas Eneama Husam Hamza Salman Mazin N`adhim Mousa Copyright (c) 2023 Wijdan Abbas Eneama, Husam Hamza Salman, Mazin N`adhim Mousa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-17 2023-10-17 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8148 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8148 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8148 Exploring Hemingway's Depiction of War Violence: Psychological and Societal Impacts in Selected Novels https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8127 <p>This study delves into the portrayal of war violence in four seminal novels by Ernest Hemingway, namely, "A Farewell to Arms," "For Whom the Bell Tolls," "The Sun Also Rises," and "To Have and Have Not." Employing a qualitative analysis, this research categorizes instances of war violence based on thematic implications, narrative techniques, and character responses, while considering contextual information from Hemingway's own wartime experiences. The analysis unveils that Hemingway's exploration of war violence transcends the physical battlefield, emphasizing the profound psychological traumas, moral quandaries, and societal scars it inflicts. Characters within these narratives grapple with disillusionment, existential anguish, and a sense of alienation, reflecting the multifaceted impacts of war on individuals and society. Hemingway's personal involvement in World War I and the Spanish Civil War greatly influences his portrayal of war violence, presenting it as not only an external conflict but an internal struggle that challenges ideologies, identities, and human resilience. The thematic recurrence across these novels underscores Hemingway's persistent examination of the enduring consequences of war. In essence, Hemingway's depiction of war violence serves as a lens through which to contemplate the profound psychological and societal repercussions of conflict, offering an enduring reflection on the devastating nature of war.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <ul> <li>Qualitative analysis of Hemingway's war narratives.</li> <li>Psychological and moral dilemmas in war literature.</li> <li>Hemingway's personal experiences and their literary influence.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> War Violence, Hemingway Novels, Psychological Impacts, Societal Consequences, Qualitative Analysis</p> Emad Mohammad Abbar Copyright (c) 2023 Emad Mohammad Abbar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-12 2023-10-12 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8127 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8127 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8127 Comparative Analysis of Lutein Content in Leaves and Fruit of Lycium barbarum: Implications for Medicinal Applications https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8158 <div class="group final-completion w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-15"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>Herbal medicine stands as a pivotal realm of contemporary research, offering substantial benefits with minimal side effects. Lycium barbarum, recognized for its abundant bioactive compounds, holds promise in treating various ailments, particularly in antiaging and antioxidative capacities. Carotenoids, notably lutein and zeaxanthin, constitute key bioactive compounds with diverse functions in both plant physiology and human health, including photo protection against intense light and detoxification of reactive oxygen species. This study meticulously examines the lutein content within leaves and fruit of L. barbarum, employing a uniform extraction method and solvent. The investigation illuminates significant variations in lutein content between the leaves and fruit, shedding light on potential applications in herbal medicine and nutraceuticals.</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <div class="group final-completion w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-17"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li> <p>Herbal Medicine Advancements: This study underscores the pivotal role of herbal medicine in contemporary research, emphasizing its potential for providing substantial benefits with minimal side effects.</p> </li> <li> <p>Lycium barbarum's Therapeutic Potential: The research highlights Lycium barbarum's significance due to its rich array of bioactive compounds, particularly in addressing antiaging and antioxidative requirements.</p> </li> <li> <p>Bioactive Carotenoids in Focus: The study delves into the functions of essential bioactive compounds, lutein and zeaxanthin, elucidating their roles in plant physiology and human health, including their photoprotective and detoxifying properties.</p> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Herbal Medicine, Lycium Barbarum, Bioactive Compounds, Carotenoids, Lutein Content</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Omaima Saddam Zirjawi Ula M Noor Almousawi Amjed Haseeb Khamees Copyright (c) 2023 Omaima Saddam Zirjawi, Ula M Noor Almousawi, Amjed Haseeb Khamees https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-17 2023-10-17 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8158 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8158 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8158 Information and Communication Systems' Impact on Healthcare Quality: Insights from Medical City Complex Employees https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8237 <p>This descriptive analytical study investigates the pivotal role of information and communication systems in enhancing the quality of medical services, drawing upon the perspectives of employees at Medical City Complex. Employing a semi-experimental approach with 40 participants from the Department of Medicine, the research delves into the understanding of information and communication systems and quality medical care. The study employs a three-section questionnaire, encompassing demographic information, dimensions of healthcare quality, and dimensions of information and communication systems. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were rigorously established. The findings unveil significant trends, particularly in factors such as age and years of service, illustrating their links to healthcare quality and information and communication systems. Detailed analyses of healthcare quality dimensions (Tangibles, Reliability, and Assurance) and information system aspects (Management, Organization, and Information Technology) are presented. The study concludes by elucidating the impact of independent variables on dependent variables, providing invaluable insights for future research and decision-making in the healthcare sector, ultimately enhancing the quality of medical care and information systems.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Investigates the impact of information and communication systems on medical service quality.</li> <li>Utilizes a semi-experimental approach with 40 Department of Medicine employees.</li> <li>Highlights the influence of age and years of service on healthcare quality and information systems.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp; </strong>Healthcare Quality, Information and Communication Systems, Employee Perspectives, Validity and Reliability, Healthcare Improvement</p> Ola.B. Hashim Copyright (c) 2023 Ola.B. Hashim https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8237 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8237 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8237 Comparison Of The Number Of Leukocytes, Lymphocytes, Monocytes and Neutrophils In Patients with Infectious and Non-Infectious Febriles https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7486 <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-dtxgd-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-dtxgd-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm gizmo:pb-9 dark:bg-gray-800 gizmo:dark:bg-transparent"> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-7"> <div class="p-4 gizmo:py-2 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl } group final-completion"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full gap-3 gizmo:gap-0"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message peer flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words peer-[.text-message]:mt-5 overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="c78260a3-455f-4536-90df-d5790aed691a"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>The examination parameters used to detect febris are leukocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit, and platelets. Leukocyte examination is very important to detect the cause of febris. The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of the number of leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils in patients with infectious and non-infectious febris. This study used a laboratory experimental research design, with quantitative methods. The research subjects were febris patients aged 0-5 years with a total of 60 patients. Data showing a significance value of p=0.000 (p&lt;0.05) means that there is a comparison between the number of infectious and non-infectious febris leukocytes and the number of monocytes shows a significance value of p=0.003 (p&lt;0.05) means that there is a comparison between the number of monocytes of infectious and non-infectious febris patients. While the number of lymphocytes showed a significance value of p=0.482 (p&gt;0.05) meaning that there was no comparison between the number of lymphocytes with febris infection and non-infection, and the number of neutrophils showed a significance value of p=0.287 (p&gt;0.05) meaning that there was no comparison between the number of neutrophils with febris infection and non-infection. Conclusion on the examination of the number of leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils in infectious and non-infectious febris patients, there is a comparison in the number of leukocytes and monists between infectious and non-infectious febris patients.</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <ul> <li>Leukocyte exams crucial for febrile diagnosis.</li> <li>Variances in leukocyte and monocyte counts aid distinction.</li> <li>Unique cell count patterns reveal infection types.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Febris, Leukocytes, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Neutrophils</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Nadiyatul Husna Shofaroh Syahrul Ardiansyah Copyright (c) 2023 Nadiyatul Husna Shofaroh, Syahrul Ardiansyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7486 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7486 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7486 Moderate Proficiency in Suture Techniques Among Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8380 <p>This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of healthcare providers, specifically nurses, regarding suturing skills, methods, and types at Al-Basrah Teaching Hospital. A descriptive cross-sectional approach was adopted from January 1, 2023, to July 30, 2023. A purposive sample of 100 nurses, representing both genders and various wards, participated. Preliminary validation was conducted through a pilot study involving ten healthcare providers, and Cronbach's Alpha assessed the survey's reliability. Data analysis was executed using SPSS version 26, focusing on descriptive statistics (mean, SD, frequency) and inferential statistics (chi-square). The demographic profile showed an equal distribution in age (50% aged 20-35), a slight female predominance (52%), and a majority holding diplomas (56%). Results indicated a moderate level of knowledge and proficiency in suturing skills and techniques among the participants. These findings suggest a need for enhanced training and education in suturing to improve patient care outcomes in clinical settings.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Moderate Suturing Proficiency:</strong> Nurses displayed a medium level of knowledge and skill in suturing techniques.</li> <li><strong>Demographic Diversity:</strong> Sample included a balanced age distribution, slight female predominance, and majority diploma holders.</li> <li><strong>Training Implications:</strong> Results highlight the necessity for improved suturing education to enhance patient care quality.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> Suturing Skills, Nurse Education, Healthcare Training, Cross-Sectional Study, Clinical Competency</p> Husham Hussain Abdul -Ra’aoof Sundus Baqer Dawood Firas A Jassim Saja Kareem Jassim Sajjad Salim Issa Ali Malik Tiryag Mohamad A Akber Maher Abdulameer Atiyah Copyright (c) 2023 Husham Hussain Abdul -Ra’aoof, Sundus Baqer Dawood, Firas A Jassim, Saja Kareem Jassim, Sajjad Salim Issa, Ali Malik Tiryag, Mohamad A Akber, Maher Abdulameer Atiyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8380 Investigation Study of Cephalexin Capsule Content from Different Drug Companies Available in the Iraqi Pharmaceutical Market https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8377 <p>This study aimed to evaluate the cephalexin content in different capsule formulations from various pharmaceutical companies in the Iraqi market, ensuring medication safety and efficacy. Utilizing computerized High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), we analyzed the cephalexin (500 mg) capsules, employing a calibration curve plotted with varying concentrations of external standard cephalexin USP. The purity of cephalexin was further verified through U.V. and I.R. studies. Our quantitative analysis focused on determining the active ingredient's weight based on the area under the peak. The results affirmed that all samples were within the 90%-120% range permitted by the USP 2007 standards, with recoveries approximating 100%, indicating remarkable accuracy and precision. Interestingly, BRULEXIN brand demonstrated the closest recovery to 100%. These findings suggest the effectiveness of HPLC as a rapid, accurate, and sensitive method for pharmaceutical analysis, not only for cephalexin but potentially for other medications as well, highlighting its suitability for routine quality control in the pharmaceutical industry.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <ul> <li>All cephalexin capsule samples met the USP 2007 standard, indicating consistent quality in the Iraqi pharmaceutical market.</li> <li>High accuracy and precision of HPLC in quantifying active ingredients highlight its potential for broader pharmaceutical applications.</li> <li>BRULEXIN brand showed the closest to 100% recovery, underscoring the variability among different manufacturers.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>Cephalexin Capsules, HPLC Analysis, Pharmaceutical Quality Control, Iraqi Market, Drug Purity</p> Ekhlass T Soore Najib Al Sabea Copyright (c) 2023 Ekhlass T Soore, Najib Al Sabea https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8377 The Effect of Hepatitis B Vaccine on Health Workers in Medina https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8383 <p>This study aimed to assess hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination rates among healthcare professionals and understand their knowledge about HBV transmission. Conducted in a healthcare setting, the research employed survey methods to collect data on vaccination status and awareness levels. Alarmingly, only 25% of healthcare workers were found to be vaccinated against HBV, highlighting a significant gap in protection. Additionally, a considerable lack of awareness regarding HBV transmission was observed among the participants. These findings underscore the urgent need for targeted vaccination campaigns and educational initiatives within primary healthcare environments. The study advocates for mandatory HBV vaccination as a condition of employment for healthcare workers, coupled with ongoing infection prevention and control training. Further research is recommended to explore the prevalence of HBV infection among healthcare professionals in primary care settings and to assess the broader implications for public health. This study serves as a critical call to action for healthcare systems to prioritize HBV vaccination and education, thereby safeguarding both healthcare providers and patients from HBV infection risks.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Low Vaccination Rates:</strong> Only 25% of healthcare workers are vaccinated against HBV, indicating a critical need for improved vaccination coverage in healthcare settings.</li> <li><strong>Knowledge Deficit:</strong> There is a significant lack of awareness among healthcare professionals about HBV transmission, necessitating educational programs.</li> <li><strong>Policy Implications:</strong> The study advocates for mandatory HBV vaccination for healthcare workers, emphasizing the importance of infection control measures for public health safety.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>Hepatitis B Vaccination, Healthcare Workers, Infection Prevention, Public Health, Vaccination Awareness</p> Rayan Talaat Karali Faridah Mohd Said Khalid Homod Algaydi Abdulrahman G. Alharbi Adel Muslim Alharbi Mohammed Abdullah Alharbi Basmah Meqbel Alharbi Majed Ghali Alharbi Bader Awad Almohammadi Khalid Adnan Shujaa Ahmed Fahed Alanazi Abdullah Ghali Alharbi Copyright (c) 2023 Rayan Talaat Karali, Faridah Mohd Said, Khalid Homod Algaydi, Abdulrahman G. Alharbi, Adel Muslim Alharbi, Mohammed Abdullah Alharbi, Basmah Meqbel Alharbi, Majed Ghali Alharbi, Bader Awad Almohammadi, Khalid Adnan Shujaa, Ahmed Fahed Alanazi, Abdullah Ghali Alharbi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8383 Emotion, Conformity, Aggression: Insights from Vocational High School Dynamics https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8113 <p>This quantitative correlational research investigates the impact of emotion regulation and peer conformity, both individually and concurrently, on aggressive behavior among students at Krembung Islamic Vocational High School. Utilizing a sample of 210 students from a population of 463, the study employed the emotion regulation scale, peer conformity scale, and aggression behavior scale. Multiple regression analysis with SPSS Ver.21 revealed significant results. Emotional regulation demonstrated a negative influence on aggressive behavior, while peer conformity exhibited a positive effect. Moreover, the combined impact of emotional regulation and peer conformity on aggressive behavior was established, with an overall influence of 20.7%. These findings contribute to the understanding of factors influencing aggressive behavior in the context of vocational high school students, emphasizing the importance of emotional regulation and peer dynamics.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Impact of Emotional Regulation and Peer Conformity: The study explores the individual and combined effects of emotion regulation and peer conformity on aggressive behavior among vocational high school students.</p> </li> <li> <p>Quantitative Correlational Research: Utilizing multiple regression analysis, the research employs a quantitative approach to understand the relationships between emotion regulation, peer conformity, and aggressive behavior.</p> </li> <li> <p>Practical Implications for Education: The findings provide insights for educational institutions in addressing and managing aggressive behavior by considering the roles of emotion regulation and peer conformity among students.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> emotion regulation, peer conformity, aggressive behavior, vocational high school, quantitative correlational.</p> Muhammad Anwar Idris Al Mahsuny Dwi Nastiti Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Anwar Idris Al Mahsuny, Dwi Nastiti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-04 2024-01-04 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8113 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8113 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8113 Circulating Microrna-146a as A Biomarker Related To Inflammation in Thalasemia Patients https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8120 <p>This study delves into the intricate realm of microRNAs (miRNAs), non-coding RNA molecules that wield significant influence in the pathogenesis of various disorders. With the advent of advanced technologies, accurate quantification of miRNA abundance across diverse tissues is now attainable. Notably, extracellular circulating microparticles have emerged as robust, stable indicators for blood-based disease diagnostics. This investigation explores the dynamic interplay between circulating microparticles and clinical phenotypes, offering valuable insights into disease intricacies. The research narrows its focus to recent developments in employing circulating microparticles as biomarkers for prevalent inflammatory disorders, including infections endemic to thalassemia patients in the city of Diwaniyah, Iraq. Current findings paint a promising future for the utilization of circulating microparticles in the management of inflammatory diseases. In conclusion, this comprehensive exploration of miRNA's regulatory role in globin gene expression has the potential to revolutionize the landscape of thalassemia, ameliorating clinical manifestations and symptoms of this debilitating hemoglobinopathy. The identification of miRNAs implicated in the disease's pathophysiology not only paves the way for novel diagnostic markers but also opens new horizons for therapeutic interventions.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hvfml-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hvfml-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-15"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 gizmo:w-full md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li> <p>MiRNA Significance: MicroRNAs play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of various disorders, offering potential insights into disease mechanisms.</p> </li> <li> <p>Circulating Microparticles: Extracellular circulating microparticles are stable blood-based indicators, holding promise for disease diagnostics and management, especially in the context of inflammatory disorders.</p> </li> <li> <p>Thalassemia Insights: This study highlights the potential impact of miRNAs on globin gene expression, offering new avenues for the diagnosis and treatment of thalassemia, a debilitating hemoglobinopathy.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> MicroRNAs (miRNAs), Circulating Microparticles, Thalassemia, Inflammatory Disorders, Disease Diagnostics</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Heba Hani Hamzah Nawal Khinteel Jabbar Copyright (c) 2023 Heba Hani Hamzah, Nawal Khinteel Jabbar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-11 2023-10-11 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8120 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8120 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8120 Novel Synthesis of Thiopyrimidine Compounds from Dibenzo-18-Crown-6 and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8121 <p>In this study, we present a novel synthesis approach for the production of thiopyrimidine compounds, including P-OH-Thiopyrimidine, P-NO2-Thiopyrimidine, and P-Cl2-Thiopyrimidine, from the precursor compound dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB-18-CE-6). These thiopyrimidine compounds have shown significant potential for various applications, particularly as antibacterial agents. The synthesis involved the reaction of DB-18-CE-6-derived alpha-beta unsaturated ketones with thiourea in a basic medium, resulting in successful cyclization. The synthesized thiopyrimidine compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against common bacterial strains, including Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and Proteus, and compared to the antibiotic Azithromycin. The results demonstrated that the thiopyrimidine compounds (Z, Z1, Z2, Z3) exhibited excellent antibacterial activity, surpassing Azithromycin, and highlighting their potential as effective alternatives to combat bacterial infections. This research opens new avenues for the development of antibacterial agents and emphasizes the significance of thiopyrimidine compounds in addressing bacterial resistance issues.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>Novel synthesis of thiopyrimidine compounds from DB-18-CE-6.</li> <li>Evaluation of antibacterial activity against Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and Proteus.</li> <li>Potential of thiopyrimidine compounds as effective antibacterial agents.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> Thiopyrimidine compounds, Antibacterial activity, DB-18-CE-6, Novel synthesis, Bacterial resistance.</p> Zena Abdali Raheem Jameel Mahesein Copyright (c) 2023 Zena Abdali Raheem Jameel Mahesein https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-11 2023-10-11 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8121 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8121 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8121 EAS Cherenkov LDF Analysis: CORSIKA Simulations for Tunka-133 and Chacaltaya Arrays https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8376 <p>This study leverages CORSIKA simulations to analyze the Lateral Distribution Function (LDF) of Cherenkov photons in Extensive Air Showers (EAS) within the knee region of the cosmic ray energy spectrum (10^15 - 10^16 eV). Focusing on primary particles like helium, proton, oxygen, and iron nuclei at varying zenith angles (0˚, 20˚, and 45˚), we aimed to reconstruct Cherenkov photons' LDF using an Exponential Function model, tailored as a function of primary energy. Our approach involved a comparative analysis of simulated LDFs with experimental data from the Tunka-133 and Chacaltaya arrays. The results exhibit a high degree of concordance between simulated and observed data, affirming the validity of our method. We developed a set of approximation functions for different primary particles and zenith angles, enhancing our ability to identify the particle type in EAS events and accurately determine its energy. The primary contribution of our work lies in its potential to rapidly compile a comprehensive LDF pattern library, instrumental for analyzing real EAS array events and reconstructing the mass composition and primary cosmic ray energy spectrum. This advancement in CORSIKA-based simulation methods marks a significant stride in cosmic ray research, offering a robust tool for detailed EAS analysis.<br><br><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" data-testid="conversation-turn-10"> <div class="px-4 py-2 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 text-base mx-auto gap-3 md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem] group final-completion"> <div class="relative flex w-full flex-col lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="3502d7e7-1707-4f83-af12-b21e1d325eef"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li><strong>Validation of Simulation Accuracy:</strong> Demonstrated high concordance between CORSIKA simulated LDFs and experimental data from Tunka-133 and Chacaltaya arrays.</li> <li><strong>Enhanced Particle Identification:</strong> Development of approximation functions for various primary particles and zenith angles, improving accuracy in identifying particle types in EAS events.</li> <li><strong>Advancement in Cosmic Ray Research:</strong> Potential to create a comprehensive LDF pattern library, significantly aiding in the reconstruction of mass composition and primary cosmic ray energy spectrum.</li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-1 flex justify-start gap-3 empty:hidden">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>CORSIKA Simulations, Cherenkov LDF, EAS Analysis, Cosmic Ray Spectrum, Particle Identification</p> Kadhom F. Fadhel A. A. Al-Rubaiee Copyright (c) 2023 Kadhom F. Fadhel, A. A. Al-Rubaiee https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8376 Application of Science Explore Books on Earth and Solar System Materials to Improve Understanding of Science Concepts for Grade VII Students https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7992 <p>Understanding concepts is a very important aspect in learning, especially in science learning where there are many complex concepts and theories so good understanding is needed. The role of educators, methods and teaching materials will be maximized to provide students with a good understanding of concepts. This research aims to determine the increase in students' understanding of science concepts before and after the application of the Science Exploration Book on Earth and Solar System material in class VII by taking samples using a purposive sampling technique. Data collection in this research was in the form of pretest and posttest and analyzed using N-Gain to determine the increase in understanding of concepts that occurred. Based on the research results, there is an increase in the form of differences in the average results of students' pretest and posttest, so it can be concluded that the application of the Science Exploration Book can improve students' understanding of science concepts in Class VII on Earth and Solar System material with a low N-Gain Score category.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Key role of educators, methods, and materials in science concept understanding.</li> <li>Science Exploration Book enhances Class VII students' grasp of Earth and Solar System concepts.</li> <li>Research shows improvement with a low N-Gain Score category.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Concept Understanding, Science Exploration Book, N-Gain, Earth, Solar System.</p> Roudhlotul Karomah Ria Wulandari Copyright (c) 2023 Roudhlotul Karomah, Ria Wulandari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7992 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7992 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7992 The Effect of Guided Inquiry Learning Model on Student’s Scientific Communication Skills in SMPN 1 Gempol https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7993 <p>One of the important skills to develop is scientific communication skills, communication is very important in everyday life. This research aims to determine the effect of the guided inquiry learning model on the scientific communication skills of class VII students at SMPN 1 Gempol, Pasuruan Regency. This research is a quasi-experiment conducted with a posttest-only design. The research sample was class VII D students as the experimental class and class VII C students as the control class with each class having 32 students. In this study, environmental pollution material was used in the experimental class, which was treated using the guided inquiry learning model, while the control class used the learning model commonly used by teachers at the school. The results of the research show that there are significant differences in value and influence in the guided inquiry learning model on written and oral scientific communication skills.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Guided Inquiry Impact: Examines effect on scientific communication skills.</p> </li> <li> <p>Quasi-Experiment Framework: Utilizes posttest-only design for structured assessment.</p> </li> <li> <p>Written and Oral Proficiency: Highlights impact on both communication modes.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Guided Inquiry, Written Communication Skills,&nbsp; Oral Communication Skills</p> Firdausia Amanda Ari Octaviani Ria Wulandari Copyright (c) 2023 Firdausia Amanda Ari Octaviani, Ria Wulandari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7993 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7993 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.7993 Interpersonal Communication On The Quality Of Spousal Relationship Of Tb Ro Patients - Span Of Treatment Period https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8373 <p>Tuberculosis is an irresistible illness that can go after anybody. The focal point of this examination purposely took instances of TB RO, where TB cases have a longest term of around 2 years contrasted with normal TB with a treatment time of 6 or 9 months. Then, the scientist plans to figure out the relational correspondence among husband and spouse couples, what is the nature of relational correspondence in couples impacted by TB RO illness, on the grounds that the treatment period is long, the nature of the husband and wife relationship might be viewed as in a terrible condition or the other way around, so this examination centers around the quality, for example, receptiveness, compassion, strong demeanor, inspirational perspective and balance found in relational correspondence while as yet focusing on a humanistic viewpoint where the component of humanistic accentuation is a lot of thought about in this point of view.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Extended Treatment Impact</strong>: Investigates how the prolonged treatment duration of TB RO (up to 2 years) affects marital relationships, differing significantly from standard TB treatment timelines.</li> <li><strong>Communication Quality</strong>: Focuses on key aspects of communication quality in couples, including openness, empathy, supportive attitudes, positivity, and equanimity, amidst the challenges posed by TB RO.</li> <li><strong>Humanistic Approach</strong>: Emphasizes the importance of a humanistic perspective in understanding and addressing the psychological and emotional dimensions of coping with TB RO within marital dynamics.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>interpersonal communication, relationship quality, husband - wife, TB - RO</p> Istiqomah Istiqomah Copyright (c) 2023 Istiqomah Istiqomah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 2 10.21070/acopen.9.2024.8373