https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/issue/feed Academia Open 2024-07-11T23:26:33+00:00 Mochammad Tanzil Multazam perpus@umsida.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Academia Open is published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo published <strong>2 (two) issues per year (June and December)</strong>. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. This journal aims is to provide a place for academics and practitioners to publish original research and review articles. The articles basically contains any topics research or review. Academia Open is available in online version. Language used in this journal is Indonesia or English</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <table class="data" style="height: 363px;" width="700" bgcolor="#ced6e0"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Accredited</td> <td width="80%"> <p><a title="accreditation certificate" href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1T6zVE2KYDM8ez1sh--nHZgf4ljUXsUYT/view?usp=share_link" target="_blank" rel="noopener">"S5" by the Ministry of Research-Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia</a></p> </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Abbreviation</td> <td width="80%"><strong>ACADEMIA OPEN (ACOPEN)</strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">DOI</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2714-7444" target="_blank" rel="noopener">prefix 10.21070&nbsp;</a></strong><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2714-7444" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by&nbsp;</a><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2714-7444" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://assets.crossref.org/logo/crossref-logo-landscape-200.svg" alt="Crossref logo" width="75" height="18" data-pagespeed-url-hash="1514865408"></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Citation Analysis</td> <td width="80%"><strong>SCOPUS</strong>&nbsp;<strong>| Web of Science |&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;and_facet_source_title=jour.1385363" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Dimension</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Index Services</td> <td width="80%"><strong> <a title="Google Scholar" href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?hl=id&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=7&amp;gmla=AJsN-F7WKhIbtExEicOCCo2lCMhCwWum2yjmAwZsZpAfBiBj1mN1KZiOa9OmuAiKE2YOXKK3iK5Nvv26ogKmR8va-UBtWwOp5gSTVlOzin3dfE0JXXs1YP2IU6Q2FlcT4qYRtUbsAhrR&amp;user=pjZTLWQAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a>&nbsp;|&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/indexingservices" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Complete List</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">ISSN (online)</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a title="ISSN (online)" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1567576367" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2174-7444</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Publisher</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a title="Publisher" href="https://umsida.ac.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Editor in Chief</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/authors/profile/255752" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Mochammad Tanzil Multazam</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Managing Editor</td> <td width="80%"><a href="https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen"><strong>Laszlo Vasa</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Frequency</td> <td width="80%"><strong>2 (two) issues per year (June and December)</strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/2673 Liquidity in People's Credit Banks: NPL and Operational Costs in Sidoarjo, Indonesia 2023-11-28T01:58:50+00:00 Isnaini ainiandini99@gmail.com Nihlatul Qudus Sukma Nirwana nihlaqsn@umsida.ac.id <p>This study aimed to investigate the effect of Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs on the liquidity of conventional People's Credit Banks in Sidoarjo, Indonesia. The study used a quantitative research method with a multiple regression analysis processed using SPSS version 23. The sample consisted of 35 People's Credit Banks out of 59 registered in the Otoritas Jasa Keuangan during the 2020 period. The results showed that Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs did not have a partial effect on liquidity, but they had a simultaneous effect on liquidity.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study focuses on the impact of Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs on liquidity in People's Credit Banks in Sidoarjo, Indonesia.</li> <li>Quantitative research method and multiple regression analysis using SPSS version 23 were employed for data analysis.</li> <li>Findings indicate a simultaneous effect of Non-Performing Loan and Operational Costs on liquidity in these banks.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Non-Performing Loan, Operational Costs, Liquidity, People's Credit Banks, Indonesia</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Isnaini, Nihlatul Qudus Sukma Nirwana https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5397 Financial Performance and Stock Prices in Tourism & Hospitality 2024-01-08T01:31:51+00:00 Vivanda Adi Prima Suryo vivandaadiprimasuryo@gmail.com Herlinda Maya Kumala Sari herlindamayakumala@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-3"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p><button class="flex ml-auto gizmo:ml-0 gap-2 items-center rounded-md p-1 text-xs gizmo:gap-1.5 gizmo:pl-0 dark:text-gray-400 dark:hover:bg-gray-700 dark:hover:text-gray-200 disabled:dark:hover:text-gray-400 hover:bg-gray-100 hover:text-gray-700"></button>This study utilizes a quantitative approach to examine the relationship between financial performance indicators (ROA, ROE, EPS, and OPM) and stock prices in the tourism and hospitality sector from 2018 to 2021. Secondary data, sourced from the Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI) containing annual financial reports of listed companies, was analyzed using Multiple Linear Regression. The results indicate that ROA and ROE do not significantly affect stock prices, while EPS has a positive and significant impact, supporting Hypothesis 3. OPM, however, does not demonstrate a significant influence on stock prices, contradicting Hypothesis 4. These findings emphasize the critical role of earnings per share (EPS) in evaluating stock performance in the sector.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-5"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li>This study examines the relationship between financial performance indicators (ROA, ROE, EPS, OPM) and stock prices in the tourism and hospitality sector.</li> <li>Results indicate that ROA and ROE do not significantly impact stock prices, while EPS plays a crucial role.</li> <li>OPM was found to have no significant influence on stock prices, suggesting EPS is a vital metric for assessing stock performance in this industry.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Quantitative Analysis, Financial Performance, Stock Prices, Tourism and Hospitality, Earnings per Share (EPS)</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="flex justify-between lg:block"> <div class="text-gray-400 flex self-end lg:self-center justify-center gizmo:lg:justify-start mt-2 gizmo:mt-0 visible lg:gap-1 lg:absolute lg:top-0 lg:translate-x-full lg:right-0 lg:mt-0 lg:pl-2 gap-2 md:gap-3"><button class="flex ml-auto gizmo:ml-0 gap-2 items-center rounded-md p-1 text-xs gizmo:gap-1.5 gizmo:pl-0 dark:text-gray-400 dark:hover:bg-gray-700 dark:hover:text-gray-200 disabled:dark:hover:text-gray-400 hover:bg-gray-100 hover:text-gray-700"></button> <div class="flex gap-1 gizmo:gap-3">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="h-32 md:h-48 flex-shrink-0">&nbsp;</div> <button class="cursor-pointer absolute right-6 bottom-[124px] md:bottom-[180px] lg:bottom-[120px] z-10 rounded-full border border-gray-200 bg-gray-50 text-gray-600 dark:border-white/10 dark:bg-white/10 dark:text-gray-200"></button></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="absolute bottom-0 left-0 w-full border-t md:border-t-0 dark:border-white/20 md:border-transparent md:dark:border-transparent md:bg-vert-light-gradient bg-white dark:bg-gray-800 md:!bg-transparent dark:md:bg-vert-dark-gradient pt-2 md:pl-2 md:w-[calc(100%-.5rem)]"><form class="stretch mx-2 flex flex-row gap-3 last:mb-2 md:mx-4 md:last:mb-6 lg:mx-auto lg:max-w-2xl xl:max-w-3xl"> <div class="relative flex h-full flex-1 items-stretch md:flex-col"> <div> <div class="h-full flex ml-1 md:w-full md:m-auto md:mb-4 gap-0 md:gap-2 justify-center">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </form></div> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 vivanda adiprimasuryo https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5416 Enhancing Employee Performance: The Impact of Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload 2023-11-28T02:01:56+00:00 Rezza Baharuddin Prawibowo rbaharudin45@gmail.com Detak Prapanca d.prapanca@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the influence of Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload on employee performance in a sample of 55 respondents from the UD. Sinar Mas organization. Employing a non-probability sampling method with saturated sampling technique, the study utilizes multiple linear regression analysis to analyze the data. The findings demonstrate that Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload all exert a positive and statistically significant impact on employee performance. This research underscores the importance of these factors in enhancing employee performance and provides valuable insights for organizations seeking to optimize their workforce's productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hlorn-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-5"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li>This study explores the influence of Transformational Leadership, Motivation, and Workload on employee performance.</li> <li>Employing multiple linear regression analysis on a sample of 55 respondents, it identifies a significant positive impact of these factors on employee performance.</li> <li>The research offers valuable insights for organizations aiming to enhance workforce productivity.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Transformational Leadership, Motivation, Workload, Employee Performance, Saturated Sampling.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 REZZA BAHARUDIN PRAWIBOWO, Detak Prapanca https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5435 Spin-Off Impact on Islamic Banking Performance: A Comparative Analysis 2024-01-08T01:40:22+00:00 Andrian Prawira Yudha andrianprawira07@gmail.com Imelda Dian Rahmawati imeldadian@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the financial performance of a prominent Islamic bank before and after a spin-off, employing a Paired Sample T-Test with SPSS 25. The dataset spans three years pre-spin-off and three years post-spin-off. The research reveals significant disparities in several financial indicators: Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non-Performing Financing (NPF), Finance to Deposit Ratio (FDR), Return On Assets (ROA), and Operational Expenses to Operational Income (BOPO). These findings shed light on the profound implications of the spin-off on the bank's financial performance, offering valuable insights for practitioners and policymakers in the Islamic banking sector.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Spin-Off Impact: Explore the effects of a corporate spin-off on Islamic bank financial performance.</li> <li>Statistical Analysis: Utilize Paired Sample T-Test to rigorously assess pre- and post-spin-off financial data.</li> <li>Strategic Insights: Gain valuable insights into the implications of spin-offs for the Islamic banking industry.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Spin-Off, Islamic Banking, Financial Performance, Paired Sample T-Test, Comparative Analysis</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Andrian Prawira Yudha https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5482 Enhancing Customer Satisfaction in Automotive Service Centers: A Quantitative Analysis 2023-11-28T01:57:42+00:00 Katerina Putri Prameswari katerinaputri66@gmail.com Hasan Ubaidillah ubaid@umsida.ac.id <p>This quantitative research study aims to elucidate the impact of individual skills, facilities, and customer relationship management on customer satisfaction within the context of automotive service centers. The study, conducted with a sample of 100 Honda customers, employed cluster random sampling and Likert scale surveys. The findings reveal that individual skills significantly and positively influence customer satisfaction (p &lt; 0.05, t = 7.119), as do facility-related factors (p &lt; 0.05, t = 3.204). However, customer relationship management, when considered individually, does not exhibit a significant impact (p &gt; 0.05, t = 0.311). Notably, when analyzed collectively, these variables demonstrate a substantial and positive effect on customer satisfaction (p &lt; 0.05). These results underscore the importance of individual skills and service facilities in bolstering customer satisfaction in the automotive service industry, while suggesting potential areas for improvement in customer relationship management practices. This research holds implications for service providers seeking to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Individual skills and service facilities have a significant positive impact on customer satisfaction in automotive service centers.</li> <li>Customer relationship management, while not individually significant, contributes positively when considered collectively with other factors.</li> <li>This research offers valuable insights for service providers looking to improve customer satisfaction and loyalty in the automotive service industry.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Automotive Service Centers, Customer Satisfaction, Individual Skills, Facilities, Customer Relationship Management</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Katerina Putri Prameswari, Hasan Ubaidillah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5500 Determinants of Automotive Sub-Sector Profitability: A 2017-2020 Analysis on Indonesian Stock Exchange 2024-01-08T01:46:31+00:00 Ainun Najib Ainunnajib1097@gmail.com Misti Hariasih mistihariasih@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the impact of liquidity, capital structure, firm size, and effective tax rate on the profitability of companies within the automotive sub-sector listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange from 2017 to 2020. Employing purposive sampling, a sample of 12 companies was selected, and secondary data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The findings reveal that liquidity, capital structure, firm size, and effective tax rate each individually influence profitability within the automotive sub-sector. Furthermore, when considered together, these factors exhibit a simultaneous impact on profitability. These results contribute to a deeper understanding of the financial dynamics within the automotive industry, offering valuable insights for practitioners, policymakers, and researchers in the global context.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Comprehensive Analysis: This study examines the impact of key financial factors on automotive sub-sector profitability.</li> <li>Strategic Sample Selection: Purposive sampling ensures a focused and representative sample of 12 companies.</li> <li>Holistic Insights: The study's combined findings shed light on the simultaneous influence of liquidity, capital structure, firm size, and effective tax rate, enhancing our understanding of the automotive industry's financial dynamics.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Liquidity, Capital Structure, Firm Size, Effective Tax Rate, Automotive Sub-Sector Profitability.</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ainun Najib https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5514 Employee Performance: The Effects of Supervision, Work Discipline, and Work Environment 2023-11-28T01:56:40+00:00 Ridha Arizka Darmawan ridhaarizka04@gmail.com Sumartik Sumartik@umsida.ac.id <p>This study aims to describe and analyze the influence of supervision, work discipline, and the work environment on employee performance. A quantitative approach with hypothesis testing was employed, utilizing multiple linear regression analysis in SPSS version 22. The research sample consisted of 55 employees from an undisclosed organization. Primary data were collected through direct distribution of questionnaires measured using a Likert scale, validated, and tested for reliability. The findings reveal that supervision, work discipline, and the work environment have partial positive effects on employee performance, and collectively, they significantly enhance employee performance. This study contributes valuable insights into the multifaceted factors affecting employee performance, offering practical implications for organizations seeking to optimize their workforce productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Comprehensive Analysis: This study employs quantitative methods to comprehensively analyze the impact of supervision, work discipline, and the work environment on employee performance.</li> <li>Partial Influences: The research highlights the individual partial influences of supervision, work discipline, and the work environment on employee performance, shedding light on their specific roles within the organizational context.</li> <li>Collective Enhancement: The study underscores the collective positive influence of these variables, emphasizing their combined impact on significantly improving overall employee performance.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Supervision, Work Discipline, Work Environment, Employee Performance, Quantitative Analysis</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ridha Arizka Darmawan, Sumartik Sumartik https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5367 Influential Factors on Online Repurchase Intentions: A Study on Tokopedia Marketplace 2023-11-28T01:56:14+00:00 Adam Jody Suwarno Suwarno adamjodysuwarno@gmail.com Lilik Indayani lilikindayani@umsida.ac.id <p>This quantitative study investigates the impact of trust, risk perception, and perceived benefits on online repurchase intentions within the Tokopedia marketplace. Conducted in Sidoarjo, Indonesia, the research sampled individuals who had made multiple purchases on Tokopedia. Findings reveal that trust exerts a positive partial influence on online repurchase intentions, while risk perception and perceived benefits also influence repurchase intentions positively. Collectively, these factors underscore the complex dynamics of consumer behavior in the online marketplace, offering insights for e-commerce platforms and marketers seeking to enhance customer loyalty and repeat purchases.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>This study examines the influence of trust, risk perception, and perceived benefits on online repurchase intentions in the Tokopedia marketplace.</li> <li>Trust plays a significant positive role in shaping online repurchase intentions.</li> <li>Findings provide valuable insights for e-commerce platforms and marketers aiming to foster customer loyalty and repeat purchases in the online marketplace.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Online Repurchase Intentions,Trust, Risk Perception,&nbsp; Perceived Benefits, Tokopedia Marketplace</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Adam Jody Suwarno Suwarno, Lilik Indayani https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/4590 Factors Influencing Client Loyalty in a Tax Consultant Office 2023-11-28T01:55:46+00:00 Melinda Rofiatul Adhaniyah melindarofiatul@gmail.com Herman Ernandi ernandi@umsida.ac.id <p>This study aims to investigate the influence of relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust on client loyalty in a tax consultant office. The population of this study was 101, and the sample size was 38, selected using nonprobability sampling with the accidental sampling method. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the data with SPSS version 26. The results showed that relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust had a significant positive effect on client loyalty. The findings of this study have implications for tax consultant offices to improve their relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust to enhance client loyalty.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li><span class="">The study examines the impact of multiple factors on client loyalty in a tax consultant office.</span></li> <li><span class="">The sample size of 38 was selected using nonprobability sampling with the accidental sampling method.</span></li> <li><span class="">The findings suggest that improving relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, and trust can enhance client loyalty in tax consultant offices.</span></li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> relationship quality, service quality, perceived value, trust, client loyalty</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Melinda Rofiatul Adhaniyah, Herman Ernandi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5321 TikTok Celebrities as Role Models: Imitation or Innovation? 2023-11-28T01:55:20+00:00 Haniyah Febriyanti Rosadi haniafebriyanti@gmail.com Nur Maghfirah Aesthetika fira_estetika@yahoo.co.id <p>This qualitative study aimed to analyze the TikTok accounts of @ayuanzillah and @yusni.a, with a focus on the self-existence of teenagers in Jiken village. The study used purposive sampling and descriptive qualitative analysis to examine the videos uploaded on the accounts. The results showed that the videos were not original but rather copied from other sources, indicating a trend-following behavior rather than trend-setting. The TikTok celebrities exhibited a calm demeanor to maintain their online presence and avoid negative feedback from netizens. The motivational quotes shared on the platform were mostly based on personal experiences and aimed to inspire others. The study implies that TikTok celebrities can serve as role models for teenagers, but their influence should be monitored to ensure that they promote positive values and behaviors.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li><span class="">The study used purposive sampling and descriptive qualitative analysis to examine the TikTok accounts of @ayuanzillah and @yusni.a, with a focus on the self-existence of teenagers in Jiken village. The results showed that the videos were not original but rather copied from other sources, indicating a trend-following behavior rather than trend-setting.</span></li> <li><span class="">The study implies that TikTok celebrities can serve as role models for teenagers, but their influence should be monitored to ensure that they promote positive values and behaviors.</span></li> <li><span class="">TikTok has policies regarding inactive accounts and verified accounts. A verified badge means that TikTok has confirmed the account belongs to the person or brand it represents, and an inactive account may have its username reset if it remains inactive for 180 days or more</span></li> </ul> <p><span class=""><strong>Keywords:</strong> </span><span class="">TikTok, </span><span class="">Purposive sampling,</span><span class="">Descriptive qualitative analysis,</span><span class="">Trend-following behavior,</span><span class="">Role models</span></p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Haniyah Febriyanti Rosadi, Haniyah Febriyanti Rosadi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5671 Rural Financial Management: Moderating Role of Internal Control in the Digital Governance Era. 2023-11-28T01:54:43+00:00 Isnaini Rochmaniah isnaininia13@gmail.com Imelda Dian Rahmawati imeldadian@umsida.ac.id <p>This research investigates the impact of Information Technology Advancement (IT) in rural areas, particularly the Village Financial Management System (Siskeudes), with a focus on its interaction with internal control systems. Through a sample of 30 village secretaries and treasurers in the Buduran District, Sidoarjo Regency, the study employs direct surveys and questionnaires for data collection. Utilizing IBM SPSS Statistics 25, the analysis reveals a significant positive influence of both internal control systems and IT advancement on rural financial management. Notably, internal control systems were found to moderate the relationship between IT advancement and financial governance. These findings underscore the vital role of internal controls in optimizing the benefits of IT solutions, offering valuable insights for global policymakers and practitioners involved in rural development and digital governance.<br><br><strong>Highlights :<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>The research examines the synergy between Information Technology Advancement and Internal Control Systems in rural financial management.</li> <li>Findings reveal a significant positive influence of both Internal Control Systems and IT advancement on rural financial governance.</li> <li>Internal Control Systems play a crucial moderating role in enhancing the impact of IT solutions, providing essential insights for global policymakers and practitioners in rural development and digital governance.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong>Information Technology Advancement, Village Financial Management System, Internal Control Systems, Rural Development, Digital Governance.</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Isnaini Rochmaniah Nia, Imelda Dian Rahmawati https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5322 Factors Affecting Employee Performance: A Quantitative Study 2024-03-15T05:00:14+00:00 Erlina Rahmawati erlinarahmawati@umsida.ac.id Hasan Ubaidillah ubaid@umsida.ac.id <div class="pb-md mb-md border-b border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="relative default font-sans text-base text-textMain dark:text-textMainDark selection:bg-superDuper selection:text-textMain"> <div class="break-words min-w-0 [word-break:break-word]"> <div dir="auto"> <div class="prose dark:prose-invert inline leading-normal break-words min-w-0 [word-break:break-word]"><span class="">This study aimed to examine the influence of work discipline, work ethos, and work environment on employee performance using a quantitative method. The study collected data from 169 production employees using a questionnaire and analyzed the data using SPSS 22. The results showed that work discipline, work ethos, and work environment have a significant impact on employee performance, and these factors have a simultaneous effect on employee performance. The study's implication is that companies should prioritize work discipline, work ethos, and work environment to improve employee performance. The study adds to the growing body of research on the importance of these factors in enhancing employee performance.</span></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="">&nbsp;</div> <div class=""> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> </div> </div> </div> <div> <ul> <li><span class="">The study used a quantitative method to examine the impact of work discipline, work ethos, and work environment on employee performance.</span></li> <li><span class="">The study collected data from 169 production employees using a questionnaire and analyzed the data using SPSS 22.</span></li> <li><span class="">The results showed that work discipline, work ethos, and work environment have a significant impact on employee performance, and these factors have a simultaneous effect on employee performance. The study's implication is that companies should prioritize work discipline, work ethos, and work environment to improve employee performance.</span></li> </ul> </div> <div><strong>Keywords:</strong> work discipline, work ethos, work environment, employee performance, quantitative method</div> <div class="pb-md mb-md border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class="border-borderMain/60 dark:border-borderMainDark/80 divide-borderMain/60 dark:divide-borderMainDark/80 ring-borderMain dark:ring-borderMainDark bg-transparent"> <div class=""> <div class="my-md md:my-lg">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Erlina Rahmawati, Hasan Ubaidillah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5645 Digital Dynamics: Nurturing Entrepreneurial Spirits in Accounting Students 2023-11-28T01:50:36+00:00 Rizky Nur Aziz azizrizki9@gmail.com Fityan Izza Noor Abidin fityan_umsida@yahoo.co.id <p>This research delves into the entrepreneurial aspirations of accounting students, exploring the impact of family environment, self-efficacy, and income expectations, with e-commerce as a moderating factor. Utilizing a sample of 66 respondents from Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, data was gathered through questionnaires and processed using SmartPLS. The findings reveal significant positive influences: family environment, self-efficacy, and income expectations all contribute to entrepreneurial interest. Interestingly, e-commerce weakens the influence of family environment while bolstering the effect of self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intentions. Additionally, it diminishes the impact of income expectations on students' entrepreneurial pursuits. These insights provide crucial understanding for educators and policymakers, emphasizing the intricate interplay of personal, familial, and digital factors in shaping the entrepreneurial mindset among future accountants.<br><br><strong>Highlights :<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Interconnected Influences: Family, self-efficacy, and income expectations significantly shape entrepreneurial interests among accounting students.</li> <li>Digital Moderation: E-commerce acts as a moderating factor, weakening family influence while strengthening self-efficacy in entrepreneurial intentions.</li> <li>Educational Implications: Insights inform educators and policymakers about the complex interplay of personal, familial, and digital factors, vital for nurturing entrepreneurial mindsets in future accountants.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong>Entrepreneurship, Family Environment, Self-Efficacy, Income Expectations, E-Commerce</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rizky Nur Aziz, Fityan Izza Noor Abidin https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5698 Service Quality, Price, and Customer Satisfaction Impact on Customer Loyalty: Evidence from a Furniture Retail Study 2024-01-18T07:35:57+00:00 Alfaris Sururi sururialfaris0@gmail.com Dewi Komala Sari dewikomalasari@umsida.ac.id <p>This quantitative research study investigates the influence of service quality, price, and customer satisfaction on customer loyalty within the context of a furniture retail establishment. A purposive sampling method was employed, involving 100 consumers of the retail store. Data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS statistical software (version 25). The findings affirm that service quality, price, and customer satisfaction significantly impact customer loyalty, highlighting their pivotal roles in shaping consumer behavior. These results offer valuable insights for businesses seeking to enhance customer loyalty and, by extension, improve their competitiveness in the global marketplace.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Key Findings: Service quality, price, and customer satisfaction are crucial determinants of customer loyalty in the retail sector.</li> <li>&nbsp;Methodology: Quantitative research using SPSS software and purposive sampling with a sample size of 100 consumers.</li> <li>Implications: Businesses should prioritize service quality, pricing strategies, and customer satisfaction to foster customer loyalty and enhance competitiveness.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Service Quality, Price, Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty, Retail Study</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALFARIS SURURI, Dewi Komala Sari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5724 Effect of Service Quality, Price, and Location on Customer Loyalty: A Pandemic-Era Barbershop Study 2024-03-15T04:57:40+00:00 Ahmad Rizki Zamnur rizkizamnur@umasida.ac.id Slamet Harjatno slametharjatno@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-szhau-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-szhau-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-5"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 gizmo:w-full md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>This study investigates the impact of service quality, price, and location on customer loyalty, with customer satisfaction as the mediating variable, in the context of a barbershop during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a quantitative approach, data from 100 respondents who visited Elcapitano barbershop in Sidoarjo were collected through purposive nonprobability sampling. The research employs path analysis via Smart PLS 3.0. The findings reveal that service quality significantly influences customer loyalty, while price has no significant effect on loyalty, and location also does not impact loyalty. Furthermore, service quality positively affects customer satisfaction, price affects customer satisfaction, and location influences customer satisfaction. Lastly, customer satisfaction is shown to have a significant influence on customer loyalty. Specifically, service quality influences customer loyalty through customer satisfaction, whereas price does not affect loyalty through satisfaction, and location affects loyalty through customer satisfaction. These findings offer valuable insights for barbershop owners and similar businesses in enhancing customer loyalty during challenging times, such as a pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Mediating Role of Customer Satisfaction: This study underscores the crucial role of customer satisfaction as a mediator in the relationship between service quality, price, location, and customer loyalty. It highlights how a satisfied customer base is essential for building loyalty.</li> <li>Impact of Service Quality: The research emphasizes the significant influence of service quality on customer loyalty, underscoring the importance of providing high-quality services to retain and attract loyal customers.</li> <li>Resilience in Challenging Times: This study's relevance extends to businesses facing challenges like the COVID-19 pandemic, as it provides insights into strategies for maintaining and strengthening customer loyalty even during such difficult periods.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> service quality, price, location, customer loyalty, customer satisfaction</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Rizki Zamnur, Slamet Harjatno https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5570 Assessing the Feasibility of an Edutech Startup: A Non-Financial and Financial Perspective 2023-11-28T01:45:46+00:00 Qirbi Ibrahim qirbiibrahim01@gmail.com Heri Widodo heriwidodo@umsida.ac.id <p>This empirical study examines the viability of an edutech startup focused on skill enhancement for students and fresh graduates. Employing a mixed-methods approach, the research assesses both non-financial and financial aspects. The findings indicate that the venture is feasible in terms of management, resources, market, marketing, socio-economic factors, and technical operations. From a financial perspective, the venture shows promise with favorable indicators, including the payback period, profitability index, and average rate of return. These results have significant implications for addressing the skills gap in the edutech industry, improving graduate employability, and enhancing competitiveness in the job market.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study utilizes a mixed-methods approach for a comprehensive evaluation of the edutech venture's feasibility.</li> <li>Both non-financial and financial aspects are examined, affirming the venture's potential for success.</li> <li>The research has broad implications for addressing the skills gap, improving graduate employability, and enhancing competitiveness in the job market.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Edutech Startup, Feasibility Assessment, Skill Enhancement, Graduates, Employability</p> 2023-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Qirbi Ibrahim, Heri Widodo https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5561 Employee Performance: Organizational Culture, Occupational Health and Safety (K3), with Job Satisfaction as a Mediator 2023-11-28T01:37:39+00:00 Bagus Irawan bagusirawan073@gmail.com Sumartik sumartik@umsida.ac.id <p>The study aimed to explore the impact of organizational culture and occupational health and safety on employee performance and job satisfaction. Using a quantitative approach with 170 purposively sampled respondents, the research employed smartPLS for analysis. Findings revealed a positive influence of organizational culture on performance and job satisfaction. However, occupational health and safety showed no direct impact on performance. Interestingly, organizational culture indirectly affected performance through job satisfaction as a mediating variable. Similarly, occupational health and safety influenced performance through job satisfaction. Overall, job satisfaction emerged as a key factor affecting employee performance.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Organizational Culture Impact: The study reveals a significant influence of organizational culture on employee performance, emphasizing the pivotal role that the workplace environment and values play in shaping individual effectiveness.</p> </li> <li> <p>Occupational Health and Safety Nexus: Interestingly, the research indicates no direct impact of occupational health and safety on employee performance. This finding prompts further exploration into the nuanced relationships between workplace safety measures and overall job effectiveness.</p> </li> <li> <p>Job Satisfaction as a Mediator: The study underscores the crucial role of job satisfaction as a mediator, demonstrating how it bridges the influence of organizational culture and health and safety measures to ultimately impact employee performance. This highlights the interconnected nature of workplace elements in shaping job satisfaction and, subsequently, performance.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Organizational Culture, Occupational Health and Safety (K3), Employee Performance, Job Satisfaction</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 bagus bagus irawan, Sumartik SE,.MM Sumartik SE,.MM https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5522 Enhancing Employee Performance: The Impact of Quality of Work Life, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Work Motivation 2024-01-08T01:52:47+00:00 Audi Sulthan Fadhlurahman audisulthan88@gmail.com Detak prapanca d.prapanca@umsida.ac.id <p>This study employs a quantitative approach to investigate the causal relationships between Quality of Work Life (QWL), Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB), Work Motivation, and Employee Performance within a sample of 50 respondents from a tollroad operator. The findings reveal that QWL, OCB, and work motivation each have a significant positive impact on employee performance. These results underscore the importance of creating a conducive work environment, promoting positive organizational behavior, and motivating employees to achieve higher performance levels. This study contributes to the understanding of factors that drive employee performance and offers practical implications for organizations aiming to improve their workforce's effectiveness and productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Quality of Work Life, OCB, and Work Motivation positively influence Employee Performance.</li> <li>Quantitative approach used to analyze the causal relationships.</li> <li>Practical implications for organizations seeking to enhance workforce effectiveness.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Employee Performance, Quality of Work Life, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Work Motivation, Causality</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Audi Sulthan fadhlurahman https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5551 Compensation, Leadership, and Work Discipline: Influences on Employee Performance 2023-11-28T01:57:58+00:00 Ronald Firdaus hamkkam.jongsks25@gmail.com Sumartik sumartik@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the impact of compensation and leadership on employee performance, with work discipline serving as an intervening variable. Using a saturated sample of 37 employees at an undisclosed organization, the research employs Partial Least Square analysis. The findings reveal that compensation and leadership both significantly influence work discipline and employee performance. Moreover, work discipline significantly affects employee performance. Notably, leadership exerts a significant influence on employee performance through work discipline, while compensation directly does not. These results underscore the critical role of leadership and compensation in shaping work discipline and, ultimately, employee performance, offering valuable insights for organizational management and human resource practices.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Compensation and Leadership Influence: Both compensation and leadership play pivotal roles in shaping work discipline and employee performance.</p> </li> <li> <p>Work Discipline's Mediating Role: Work discipline acts as a significant intermediary in the relationship between leadership and employee performance.</p> </li> <li> <p>Practical Implications: These findings have practical implications for organizations aiming to enhance employee performance through effective compensation strategies and leadership practices.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Compensation, Leadership, Work Discipline, Employee Performance, Intervening Variable</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ronald Firdaus, Sumartik SE.MM https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5552 Job Insecurity, Work Environment, and Job Satisfaction: An Investigation with a Mediating Role of Job Stress 2023-11-28T01:57:37+00:00 Denny Andrea Selan denny3133546@gmail.com Rifdah Abadiyah rifdahabadiyah@umsida.ac.id <p>This quantitative study aims to investigate the impact of job insecurity and work environment on job satisfaction, with job stress serving as the mediating variable, within the context of a manufacturing company. Data were collected from 54 employees through questionnaire surveys. The findings reveal that job insecurity and work environment have a significant influence on job satisfaction, with work-related stress playing a significant mediating role. Interestingly, job insecurity and work environment do not directly affect job satisfaction, but their effects are mediated by job stress. These results shed light on the complex interplay of factors influencing job satisfaction and highlight the importance of addressing job stress to enhance overall employee well-being and satisfaction in the workplace.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Job stress mediates the relationship between job insecurity and work environment with job satisfaction.</li> <li>Quantitative study conducted in a manufacturing company with 54 employee participants.</li> <li>Findings emphasize the importance of addressing job stress to enhance employee well-being and satisfaction in the workplace.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Job Insecurity, Work Environment, Job Satisfaction, Job Stress, Mediation</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Denny Andrea Selan, Rifdah Abadiyah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5553 Catalysts of Customer Satisfaction: A Quantitative Analysis of Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere 2023-11-28T01:57:16+00:00 Firman Ardiansyah ardiansyahfirman49@gmail.com Lilik Indrayani lilikindayani@umsida.ac.id <p>This research aims to investigate the impact of Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere on Customer Satisfaction in the context of Starbucks Coffee consumers at Suncity Mall Sidoarjo. Utilizing a quantitative approach, data was collected from 100 respondents through questionnaires. The analysis employed multiple linear regression with SPSS 18.0, revealing that Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere significantly influence Customer Satisfaction. These findings have important implications for businesses seeking to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty through strategic management of these factors.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Influence of Key Factors: Investigates how Brand Image, Service Quality, and Store Atmosphere impact Customer Satisfaction.</li> <li>Quantitative Approach: Employs a quantitative methodology with 100 respondents to analyze the relationships.</li> <li>Practical Implications: Offers insights for businesses to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty through strategic management.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Brand Image, Service Quality, Store Atmosphere, Customer Satisfaction, Quantitative Study</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Firman Ardiansyah, Lilik Indrayani https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5562 Consumer Loyalty: Brand Perception, Trust, Product Quality, and the Mediating Role of Customer Satisfaction 2023-11-28T01:56:58+00:00 Muhammad Eko Rizky korizky08@gmail.com Misti Hariasih Hariasih Mistihariasih@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the influence of brand image, brand trust, and product quality on consumer loyalty towards Converse footwear, utilizing customer satisfaction as an intervening variable. Conducted among Converse shoe consumers in Sidoarjo, the research employs a quantitative approach with accidental sampling. Data is collected through questionnaires distributed to consumers. Path analysis using SPSS reveals that brand image, brand trust, and product quality significantly affect consumer loyalty through customer satisfaction as an intervening factor. These findings provide valuable insights for brand management and marketing strategies in the global footwear industry.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study focuses on consumer loyalty in the context of Converse footwear.</li> <li>It highlights the role of customer satisfaction as an intervening variable.</li> <li>Findings provide insights for global brand management and marketing strategies.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Brand Image, Brand Trust, Product Quality, Consumer Loyalty, Customer Satisfaction</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Eko Rizky Rizky, Misti Hariasih Hariasih https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5590 Job Satisfaction: Motivation, Empowerment, Compensation, and Transformational Leadership Impact 2023-11-28T01:56:39+00:00 Beti Aprilia Pratiwi apriliaprtw4.20@gmail.com Sriyono Djemain sriyono.djemain@gmail.com <p>This study aims to investigate the influence of work motivation, employee empowerment, compensation, and transformational leadership on job satisfaction among employees. Employing a quantitative research design with hypothesis testing, a sample of 75 respondents from various professional backgrounds participated in the study using the accidental sampling technique. Data collected through Likert-scale questionnaires were analyzed using the SmartPLS 3.0 software. The results demonstrate that work motivation, employee empowerment, compensation, and transformational leadership are all positively and significantly related to job satisfaction. These findings highlight the importance of these factors in enhancing job satisfaction, which has implications for organizations seeking to improve employee well-being and productivity.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Positive Relationships: Work motivation, employee empowerment, and compensation positively impact job satisfaction.</li> <li>Leadership Influence: Transformational leadership significantly contributes to higher job satisfaction.</li> <li>Organizational Implications: Findings have practical implications for enhancing employee well-being and productivity.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Job Satisfaction, Work Motivation, Employee Empowerment, Compensation, Transformational Leadership</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Beti Aprilia Pratiwi, Sriyono Djemain https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5633 Motivation's Mediating Role in HR Information System , Career Development, and Employee Performance. 2023-11-28T01:56:15+00:00 Ahmad Rivaldi Mareyza Nistirival@gmail.com Sumartik Sumartik@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-ccwxu-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-ccwxu-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm gizmo:pb-9 dark:bg-gray-800 gizmo:dark:bg-transparent"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-3"> <div class="p-4 gizmo:py-2 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full gap-3 gizmo:gap-0"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message peer flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words peer-[.text-message]:mt-5 overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="c7739efe-8ea8-459b-928a-d3484e7ece39"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>This quantitative study aims to examine the influence of HR Information System (HRIS), career development, and organizational commitment on employee performance, with motivation as an intervening variable. The research population consists of 147 employees, with a sample of 60 selected using simple random sampling. Data collection employed questionnaires and interviews, with data analysis conducted using SmartPLS 3.2.8 software. The path analysis revealed that HRIS significantly affects employee performance, while career development and organizational commitment do not. HRIS and career development significantly influence motivation, while organizational commitment does not. Moreover, motivation significantly impacts employee performance. Notably, HRIS and career development have a significant impact on employee performance through motivation as an intervening variable, whereas organizational commitment does not have a significant influence on employee performance through motivation as an intervening variable. This study underscores the pivotal role of motivation in enhancing employee performance and provides valuable insights for organizations seeking to optimize their HR practices.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>HR Information System's significant impact on employee performance.</li> <li>Motivation's pivotal role as an intermediary in the relationship between HRIS, career development, and employee performance.</li> <li>Insights for optimizing HR practices in organizations.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> HR Information System, Career Development, Organizational Commitment, Motivation, Employee Performance</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Rivaldi Mareyza, Sumartik Sumartik https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5642 Consumer Choices: Impact of Advertising, Promotions, and Brand Image in Simpati Data Packages. 2023-11-28T01:55:56+00:00 Mohammad Nafi Hartanto nafihartanto98@gmail.com Mudji Astuti mudjiastuti@umsida.ac.id <p>This quantitative research aimed to investigate the individual and combined effects of advertising, sales promotion, and brand image on purchase decisions among consumers in Dusun Kedurus, Desa Kepatihan, Tulangan, Sidoarjo. A sample of 30 respondents was surveyed using questionnaires, and data were analyzed through multiple linear regression using SPSS 18.0. The findings revealed that advertising, sales promotion, and brand image had a partial and positive influence on purchase decisions. Moreover, when considered simultaneously, these factors collectively played a significant role in shaping consumers' purchase decisions. This study provides valuable insights for marketers and businesses in enhancing their marketing strategies to effectively influence consumer purchase behavior.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>The study explores the impact of advertising, sales promotion, and brand image on consumer purchase decisions.</li> <li>Quantitative research with a sample of 30 respondents in a specific location provides valuable insights.</li> <li>Findings emphasize the need for effective marketing strategies to influence consumer behavior.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Purchase decisions, Advertising, Sales promotion, Brand image, Consumer behavior</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mohammad Nafi Hartanto, Mudji Astuti https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/6290 Quality, Service, and Price: Key Drivers of Food Purchase Decisions in Indonesia 2024-06-03T07:59:19+00:00 Intan Dewi Oktafiyanti dointan922@gmail.com Supardi supardi@umsida.ac.id Dewi Komala Sari dewikomalasari@umsida.ac.id <p><em>This study aims to determine the purchase decision on product quality, service quality, and price of Nasi Goreng 69 in Sidoarjo. In this study using quantitative research and this study using a sampling technique that is Non Probability Sampling with Accidental Sampling type. The sample in this research is 96 respondents. Sources of data collection using a questionnaire method that uses a Likert scale 1-5. The data analysis method uses the Partial Least Square (PLS) analysis with the Outer Model and Inner Model Tests. The results of this study indicate that variable product quality effect on purchasing decisions, variable service quality effect on purchasing decisions and variable &nbsp;price effect on purchasing decisions</em></p> 2024-06-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Intan Dewi Oktafiyanti, Supardi, Dewi Komala Sari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9098 Navigating the Risk Terrain in Small Business Economics 2024-06-04T08:49:52+00:00 Tursunov Mansur Bekpulatovich tursunov_mansur@bk.ru <p>This article explores various methods for analyzing and assessing the risks faced by small businesses, emphasizing economic and financial indicators. Key areas of risk assessment include identification, analysis, and comparative evaluation of risks, each employing specific tools. The study highlights the importance of understanding operational risks, based on ISO 31000:2009 standards, and provides detailed methods for evaluating risks related to assets, solvency, and financial stability. It also discusses the implications of liquidity and solvency risks on business operations, offering a structured approach to mitigating these risks.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Identify Risks: Focus on assets, solvency, and liquidity risks.</li> <li>Operational Standards: Use ISO 31000:2009 to manage operational risks.</li> <li>Financial Analysis: Evaluate stability and solvency for business growth.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Risk Assessment, Small Businesses, Economic Indicators, Financial Stability, ISO 31000</p> 2024-06-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Tursunov Mansur Bekpulatovich https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8054 Transparency and Accountability Deficits in Indonesian Orphanage Financial Reporting 2024-06-06T05:56:12+00:00 Zuhrina Rahayu Nisa zuhrinarahayunisa@gmail.com Heri Widodo heriwidodo@umsida.ac.id <p>Non-profit organizations play a critical role in society, yet their financial reporting practices often lack the rigor of for-profit entities. This study examines the financial reporting of the Darul Aitam Orphanage Foundation, focusing on its compliance with ISAK 35 standards and its implementation of transparency and accountability principles. Despite the importance of these principles for trust and efficiency, a knowledge gap exists regarding their application in non-profit orphanages. The research employs a qualitative descriptive method, utilizing primary and secondary data from monthly reports, and collects data through observations, interviews, and documentation. Findings reveal that the Darul Aitam Orphanage Foundation has not adopted ISAK 35 standards and fails to fully implement transparency and accountability in its financial reporting. The financial records are rudimentary, noting only cash inflows and outflows, and lack detailed information needed by external stakeholders. These results underscore the need for improved financial practices in non-profit organizations to enhance accountability and transparency, thereby fostering greater trust and support from stakeholders.</p> <p><strong>Highligt:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>The Darul Aitam Orphanage Foundation's financial reports do not adhere to ISAK 35 standards.</li> <li>The orphanage's financial practices lack comprehensive transparency and accountability.</li> <li>Enhanced financial reporting practices are necessary for better external analysis and stakeholder trust.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Financial Reporting, Non-Profit Organizations, ISAK 35 Compliance, Transparency, Accountability</p> 2024-12-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Zuhrina Rahayu Nisa, Heri Widodo https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8123 Social Media, Friendships, and Financial Literacy Drive Millennial Investments 2024-06-06T06:40:59+00:00 Nesti Istichomah nestiistichomah02@gmail.com Wisnu Panggah Setiyono wisnu.setiyono@umsida.ac.id <p>This study explores the factors influencing millennial interest in investing, focusing on social media usage, investment understanding, and friendships. Using a quantitative approach, data was gathered from 100 respondents through questionnaires and analyzed with IBM SPSS 16. The results indicate that social media usage, investment knowledge, and friendships each significantly affect millennials' interest in investing, both individually and collectively. These findings highlight the pivotal role of digital platforms, financial literacy, and social networks in shaping investment behaviors among millennials.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Social media usage significantly influences millennials' investment interest.</li> <li>Investment understanding is crucial for millennials' investment decisions.</li> <li>Friendships play a key role in shaping millennial investment behaviors.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong> Millennials, Investing, Social Media, Financial Literacy, Friendships</p> 2024-12-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nesti Istichomah, Wisnu Panggah Setiyono https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8161 Optimizing Village Economy Through Improved BUMDes Management in Indonesia 2024-06-07T01:36:58+00:00 Bella Ayu Sabrina bellaayusabrina@gmail.com Lailul Mursyidah lailulmursyidah@umsida.ac.id <p>This study examines the management of BUMDes Sedayu Prima Makmur in Kludan Village, Sidoarjo, identifying issues that hinder significant progress. Using a qualitative descriptive approach, data were collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. Analysis revealed that while goal-setting and procedures are well-implemented, poor marketing limits product visibility. Organizational challenges include a lack of management members and insufficient village government knowledge about BUMDes. Despite good guidance and coordination, supervision is weak due to the absence of annual reports and limited village government involvement. The study highlights areas for improvement to enhance BUMDes performance and support village economic development.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Effective planning is hindered by poor marketing of existing programs.</li> <li>Organizational structure suffers from insufficient management members.</li> <li>Supervision lacks due to absence of annual reports and limited involvement.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>BUMDes, village economy, management, marketing, organizational challenges</p> 2024-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Bella Ayu Sabrina, Lailul Mursyidah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7926 Boosting Employee Performance through Empowerment and Job Satisfaction in Indonesia 2024-06-07T02:32:53+00:00 Ardi Saputro ardisaputro32@gmail.com Sumartik sumartik@umsida.ac.id <p>This research investigates the impact of Employee Empowerment, Work Environment, and Work Stress on Employee Performance, with Job Satisfaction as an intervening variable at PT. Rui Xue International. Despite the recognized importance of these factors, there is limited understanding of their combined effects in the context of Indonesian companies. The study employs a quantitative survey method with a descriptive approach, encompassing a sample of 61 employees selected through saturation sampling. Data were collected via questionnaires and analyzed using Partial Least Squares (PLS) path analysis with Smart PLS Version 3.0 software. Findings reveal that Employee Empowerment and Work Environment positively influence Employee Performance and Job Satisfaction. Work Stress does not significantly affect Employee Performance directly but significantly impacts Job Satisfaction, which in turn affects Employee Performance. The results underscore the importance of fostering employee empowerment and a conducive work environment to enhance performance, while managing work stress through improving job satisfaction. These insights contribute to the strategic management of human resources in similar organizational settings.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Employee empowerment significantly enhances both job satisfaction and employee performance.</li> <li>A positive work environment greatly impacts job satisfaction and performance.</li> <li>Work stress affects performance indirectly through job satisfaction.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Employee Empowerment, Work Environment, Work Stress, Employee Performance, Job Satisfaction</p> 2024-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ardi Saputro, Sumartik https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8026 Optimizing Retail Employee Performance through Organizational Justice and Culture Factors 2024-06-07T06:35:49+00:00 Cahyono Dimas dimaskamandanu28@gmail.com Rifdah Abadiyah rifdahabadiyah@umsida.ac.id <p>Human resources play a crucial role in organizational progress, with employee performance often measured against set standards. This study investigates the impact of organizational culture and justice on employee performance through job satisfaction at PT. Lion Superindo, a retail company in Sidoarjo. Using quantitative methods, surveys were conducted across three branches, analyzing validity, reliability, and regression. Findings indicate a significant relationship between positive organizational culture, fair treatment, job satisfaction, and enhanced employee performance. These insights emphasize the importance of fostering a positive work environment and fairness to improve employee satisfaction and overall organizational performance.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Relationship: Unveils significant ties between organizational factors and employee performance.</li> <li>Methodology: Quantitative approach employs surveys and statistical analysis for robust investigation.</li> <li>Implications: Highlights importance of organizational culture and fairness for enhanced performance.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Organizational Culture, Organizational Justice, Employee Performance, Job Satisfaction, Retail Industry</p> 2024-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Cahyono Dimas, Rifdah Abadiyah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8107 Location, Quality, and Price Drive Home Purchases in Indonesia 2024-06-07T15:24:35+00:00 Muhammad Afif Syaifudin 182010200140@umsida.ac.id Misti Hariasih mistihariasih@umsida.ac.id Dewi Komala Sari dewikomalasari@umsida.ac.id <p>This study examines the influence of location, product quality, and price on purchasing decisions at Graha Candi Pratama housing in Indonesia. Despite extensive research on housing purchase decisions, the unique contributions of these factors at Graha Candi Pratama have not been thoroughly explored. A quantitative approach was employed, sampling 96 homeowners via questionnaires, with data analyzed using SPSS 25. Results indicate that favorable location, high product quality, and affordable pricing significantly impact consumer decisions. Developers are advised to consider modern trends, cultural habits, and continually improve design and amenities while maintaining affordable pricing to attract buyers.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li><strong>Location Impact</strong>: Proximity to amenities and transport influences purchase decisions.</li> <li><strong>Product Quality</strong>: High-quality construction and variety increase buyer satisfaction.</li> <li><strong>Price Affordability</strong>: Competitive pricing enhances housing project attractiveness.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong> Housing purchase decision, location, product quality, price, consumer behavior</p> 2024-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Afif Syaifudin, Misti Hariasih, Dewi Komala Sari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8122 Financial Stability Drives Fraud in Indonesian Manufacturing 2024-06-07T23:54:38+00:00 Andini Nabila Firdaus andininabila02@gmail.com Heri Widodo heriwidodo.umsida@gmail.com <p>This study investigates the influence of financial stability, external pressure, and financial targets on financial statement fraud in food and beverage manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange from 2017 to 2022. Using a quantitative approach with secondary data from 10 companies, we conducted multiple linear regression analysis with SPSS 26. Results indicate that financial stability significantly impacts financial statement fraud, while external pressure and financial targets do not. The findings suggest that improving financial stability can reduce financial statement fraud, highlighting the need for further research on the roles of external pressure and financial targets.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Financial Stability: Significantly impacts financial statement fraud.</li> <li>External Pressure: Does not significantly affect financial statement fraud.</li> <li>Financial Targets: No significant influence on financial statement fraud.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong> Financial stability, external pressure, financial targets, financial statement fraud, Indonesian Stock Exchange</p> 2024-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Andini Nabila Firdaus, Heri Widodo https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8175 Unveiling the Impact of Factors on Taxpayer Compliance 2024-06-08T01:17:21+00:00 Nova Atul Arini novaatularini99@gmail.com Herman Ernandi hermanernandi@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-2" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="befb0d67-60f8-4b22-8378-f5f7b8f18f06"> <div class="flex w-full flex-col gap-1 juice:empty:hidden juice:first:pt-[3px]"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>Tax compliance significantly impacts tax revenue, with increased compliance correlating to heightened state revenue. This study investigates the influence of taxpayer awareness, taxation understanding, tax sanctions, and tax service quality on tax compliance among motor vehicle taxpayers at the Sidoarjo Samsat Office. The research employs a quantitative descriptive approach, utilizing primary data gathered through questionnaires. The population consists of 955,635 registered taxpayers, with 100 selected through incidental sampling. Findings reveal that taxpayer awareness, taxation understanding, tax sanctions, and service quality positively influence tax compliance. This study addresses a gap in understanding taxpayer behavior and provides insights for policymakers to enhance compliance strategies, thereby optimizing tax revenue.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Descriptive quantitative approach: Primary data collected via questionnaires.</li> <li>Key findings: Factors affecting tax compliance elucidated.</li> <li>Policy insights: Informing strategies for enhancing tax compliance and revenue.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Tax compliance, Awareness, Understanding, Sanctions, Service quality.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2024-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nova Atul Arini, Herman Ernandi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8182 Influence of Brand Image, Product Quality, and Price on Digital TV Buying Interest in Indonesia 2024-06-08T05:47:00+00:00 Dwi Ayu Miftakhul Qiftiyah 192010200098@mhs.umsida.ac.id Sumartik sumartik@umsida.ac.id <p>This study examines the impact of Brand Image, Product Quality, and Price on consumer buying interest in digital TV products in Mojokerto. Using a quantitative descriptive approach, data were collected from 100 respondents through online questionnaires and analyzed using multiple linear regression with SPSS. The results show that Brand Image, Product Quality, and Price significantly influence consumer interest. A positive Brand Image builds trust and preference, high Product Quality enhances perceived value, and competitive pricing motivates purchases. These findings suggest that companies should focus on these factors to boost consumer interest in digital TVs. Future research should investigate additional factors and expand to larger urban areas for broader insights.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Significant Impact: Key factors influence consumer interest in digital TVs.</li> <li>Positive Perception: Strong Brand Image builds consumer trust and preference.</li> <li>Value Perception: High Quality and competitive pricing boost product value.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Brand Image, Product Quality, Price, Consumer Buying Interest, Digital TV</p> 2024-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Dwi Ayu Miftakhul Qiftiyah, Sumartik https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8236 Compensation, Teamwork, and Job Satisfaction Boost Employee Performance in Indonesia 2024-06-08T11:25:56+00:00 Ajeng Karuniya Putri ajengkaruniyaputri4956@gmail.com Hasan Ubaidillah ubaid@umsida.ac.id <p>This research examines how compensation, teamwork, and job satisfaction affect employee performance at UD Rifki Muslim Jaya in Mojokerto. Limited research exists on these factors in small-scale enterprises in Indonesia, prompting this study. Using quantitative methods and random sampling, data were collected from 80 employees via questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis with SPSS showed that compensation, teamwork, and job satisfaction significantly impact employee performance both individually and collectively. The findings highlight the need for managers to enhance these factors to boost productivity and performance.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li> <p>Compensation, teamwork, and job satisfaction significantly impact employee performance.</p> </li> <li> <p>Used random sampling and multiple regression analysis.</p> </li> <li> <p>Findings emphasize focusing on these factors to enhance productivity.</p> </li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong> Compensation, Teamwork, Job Satisfaction, Employee Performance, Quantitative Research</p> 2024-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8195 Boosting Local Economy Through Strategic Tourism Development in Indonesia 2024-06-08T12:39:18+00:00 Vitra Pratama Ramadani 192020100093@umsida.ac.id Hendra Sukmana hendrasukmana@umsida.ac.id <p>This research aims to analyze and describe the strategies implemented by BUMDES Sumber Lestari in developing the Sumber Dhuwur tourist attraction. Tourism development significantly influences regional and citizen income, job creation, and economic activities. Utilizing qualitative methods, data were collected through interviews with village officials, the BUMDES chairman, local residents, and visitors, along with observations and documentation. The study uses qualitative descriptive analysis, involving data reduction, presentation, and conclusion drawing. Results indicate that BUMDES Sumber Lestari has effectively focused on infrastructure and facility development, but has yet to optimize human resource management in tourism and the creative economy. The research provides insights into strategic planning for rural tourism development, emphasizing the need for comprehensive human resource strategies to enhance competitiveness and economic impact.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Effective infrastructure and facility development by BUMDES Sumber Lestari.</li> <li>Human resource management needs optimization in tourism.</li> <li>Strategies enhance income and job creation.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong> Tourism Development, BUMDES Strategy, Infrastructure, Human Resources, Economic Impact</p> 2024-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Vitra Pratama Ramadani, Hendra Sukmana https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8191 Global Study Revolutionizes Bankruptcy Prediction 2024-06-08T13:40:06+00:00 Ervina Indah Ansari ervinaindah88@gmail.com Duwi Rahayu duwirahayu@umsida.ac.id <p>This study evaluates bankruptcy potential in food and beverage companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2018-2022 using four methods: Grover, Springate, Zmijewski, and Altman. Analyzing data from 31 sampled companies, the research employs descriptive quantitative methods and SPSS 26 analysis. Findings reveal varied bankruptcy predictions: Grover predicts 3 potential bankruptcies, Springate identifies 18, Zmijewski finds none, and Altman predicts 14. Notably, Zmijewski's method demonstrates superior accuracy. These results aid investors in understanding company performance and inform future financial strategies, addressing a critical need in early bankruptcy prediction for the food and beverage industry. Future research may explore additional prediction models and extend the study period to enhance predictive accuracy further.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Diverse methods: Grover, Springate, Zmijewski, Altman offer varied bankruptcy predictions.</li> <li>Zmijewski's accuracy: Highest accuracy among methods for bankruptcy prediction.</li> <li>Investor insight: Guides future financial decisions based on company performance analysis.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Bankruptcy, Food &amp; beverage, Stock Exchange, Analysis, Prediction.</p> 2024-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ervina Indah Ansari, Duwi Rahayu https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8206 Impacts of Brand, Price, and Promotion on Modest Fashion Purchases 2024-06-08T14:26:18+00:00 Elok Zahrotul Lailah erza23477@gmail.com Misti Hariasih mistihariasih@umsida.ac.id <p>This research investigates the influence of Brand Image, Price, and Promotion on Purchase Decisions for Gamis Pelangi Hijab in Driyorejo, employing a descriptive quantitative approach. Utilizing multiple linear regression analysis on data collected from 96 respondents via purposive sampling, the study reveals significant effects: (1) Brand Image positively influences purchasing decisions; (2) Price has a significant impact on purchasing choices; (3) Promotional activities affect purchase decisions. Through regression analysis using SPSS 22, the study elucidates the pivotal role of these factors in consumer behavior, providing insights for marketers aiming to enhance consumer engagement and strategic marketing initiatives in the modest fashion industry.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Quantitative analysis of purchase decisions for modest fashion.</li> <li>Sample selection based on non-probability purposive sampling technique.</li> <li>Multiple linear regression analysis conducted using SPSS version 22.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Gamis Pelangi Hijab, Purchase Decisions, Brand Image, Price, Promotion</p> 2024-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Elok Zahrotul Lailah, Misti Hariasih https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8595 Maximizing Employee Performance through Rewards, Culture, and Training 2024-06-09T02:56:57+00:00 Ridwan Purnomo ridwanpurnomo2000@gmail.com Hasan Ubaidillah ubaid@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex-shrink-0 flex flex-col relative items-end"> <div> <div class="pt-0.5 juice:pt-0"> <div class="gizmo-bot-avatar flex h-6 w-6 items-center justify-center overflow-hidden rounded-full juice:h-8 juice:w-8"> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-6 w-6">This study investigates the impact of rewards, organizational culture, and training on employee performance at PT Harapan Sejaterah Karya Utama. Through quantitative analysis, utilizing primary data from distributed questionnaires and secondary data from relevant sources, the research reveals that rewards, organizational culture, and training individually and collectively positively influence employee performance. The findings underscore the importance of providing rewards such as additional salary and bonuses for achieving targets, enhancing organizational culture to foster a conducive work environment, and promoting open communication between employees and management. These implications offer actionable insights for organizations, facilitating the optimization of employee performance and overall organizational success.</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group/conversation-turn relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="b3df124f-2f7c-405a-aedf-5f25a578cf70"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>Rewards, culture, and training enhance employee performance significantly.</li> <li>Open communication fosters synergy between employees and management.</li> <li>Optimization leads to improved organizational success.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Rewards, Organizational Culture, Training, Employee Performance, PT Harapan Sejaterah Karya Utama</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ridwan Purnomo, Hasan Ubaidillah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8588 Uncovering Employee Engagement in the Power of Leadership, Communication, and Teamwork Study 2024-06-09T03:56:40+00:00 Indah Wulandari iwulan340@gmail.com Vera Firdaus verafirdaus@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the impact of servant leadership, communication, and teamwork on employee engagement at PT Irawan Djaja Agung, aiming to address a gap in research regarding their combined influence in Indonesian organizations. Through a quantitative survey of 70 employees and analysis using Smart-PLS Version 3.0, the research finds significant positive relationships between servant leadership, communication, teamwork, and employee engagement. The results highlight the importance of nurturing supportive leadership, enhancing communication channels, and fostering teamwork to bolster employee engagement. Organizational leaders are urged to consider implementing recognition and reward systems, while employees are encouraged to strengthen interpersonal relationships for improved collaboration. Further research could delve into additional factors affecting employee engagement in similar contexts.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-9" data-scroll-anchor="false"> <div class="py-2 juice:py-[18px] px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-5 juice:lg:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="group/conversation-turn relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="cbad728c-98fa-4487-89b2-21ffc05117c1"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ol> <li><strong>Synergy of Leadership, Communication, Teamwork.</strong></li> <li><strong>Quantitative Analysis with Smart-PLS.</strong></li> <li><strong>Actionable Insights for Organizational Improvement.</strong></li> </ol> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-1 flex gap-3 empty:hidden juice:-ml-3">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-10" data-scroll-anchor="false"> <div class="py-2 juice:py-[18px] px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-5 juice:lg:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="group/conversation-turn relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="user" data-message-id="aaa25118-da40-408a-b1d8-fdf99f663170">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Servant leadership, Communication, Teamwork, Employee engagement, Organizational development</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Indah Wulandari, Vera Firdaus https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8293 Unlocking Supply Chain Excellence through Delivery Prioritization 2024-06-09T06:11:31+00:00 Devany Arsi Ramadhan devanyarsi@gmail.com Hana Catur Wahyuni hanacatur@umsida.ac.id <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-5" data-scroll-anchor="false"> <div class="py-2 juice:py-[18px] px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-5 juice:lg:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="flex-shrink-0 flex flex-col relative items-end"> <div> <div class="pt-0.5 juice:pt-0"> <div class="gizmo-bot-avatar flex h-6 w-6 items-center justify-center overflow-hidden rounded-full juice:h-8 juice:w-8"> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-6 w-6">This study investigates supply chain performance prioritization and improvement strategies for PT. XYZ, a starter card distributor facing operational challenges. Utilizing SCOR and F-AHP methodologies, the research identifies delivery as the highest priority criterion for enhancement, with a weight of 0.49. Recommendations include refining delivery systems, engaging customer feedback, and implementing software solutions to minimize inconsistencies. These findings offer valuable insights into supply chain management for similar distributors, aiming to enhance efficiency, customer satisfaction, and market competitiveness.</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group/conversation-turn relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="mt-1 flex gap-3 empty:hidden juice:-ml-3">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-6" data-scroll-anchor="false"> <div class="py-2 juice:py-[18px] px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-5 juice:lg:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="group/conversation-turn relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col"> <div class="font-semibold select-none">&nbsp;</div> <div class="font-semibold select-none">&nbsp;</div> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="user" data-message-id="aaa2a893-decd-4728-972c-6a3839937782"> <div class="relative max-w-[70%]"><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp; <p>SCOR and F-AHP used for supply chain evaluation.</p> <p>Delivery prioritized for optimization, key to customer satisfaction.</p> <p>Recommendations: refine systems, engage feedback, implement software for consistency.</p> </div> <div class="relative max-w-[70%]">&nbsp;</div> <div class="relative max-w-[70%]"><strong>Keyword</strong>:&nbsp; Supply Chain Management, SCOR, F-AHP, Performance Prioritization, Delivery Optimization</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Devany Arsi Ramadhan, Hana Catur Wahyuni https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8204 Uncovering Workplace Dynamics from their Impact on Job Satisfaction 2024-06-09T07:24:32+00:00 Ferdi Rahmad Irawan ferdirahmadirawan@gmail.com Herlinda Maya Kumala Sari herlindamayakumala@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the relationship between workplace conflict, job stress, compensation, and job satisfaction within PT Otsuka Indonesia Distribution. Using quantitative methods and data from 101 employees, findings reveal that workplace conflict and job stress negatively impact job satisfaction, while compensation has a positive effect. These factors collectively influence job satisfaction, highlighting the importance of addressing workplace dynamics for organizational success.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>Quantitative analysis: Conflict, stress, compensation's impact on job satisfaction.</p> <p>Conflict, stress reduce; compensation boosts job satisfaction.</p> <p>Understanding key factors vital for organizational success and employee well-being.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Konflik di Tempat Kerja, Stres Kerja, Kompensasi, Kepuasan Kerja, Analisis Kuantitatif</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ferdi Rahmad Irawan, Herlinda Maya Kumala Sari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8692 Revolutionizing Fast Food Marketing Strategy using Kotler's Approach 2024-06-09T15:51:32+00:00 Neni Dwi Riris Setyowati ririssetyowati20@gmail.com Kumara Adji Kusuma adji@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates marketing strategies and service quality's impact on consumer decisions to purchase fast food at M2M, employing Kotler's marketing mix strategy. Using a qualitative approach, the research explores elements of the marketing mix—product, pricing, promotion, and distribution—influencing marketing success. Interviews with M2M managers and on-site observations provide insights. Findings highlight segmentation, targeting, and positioning processes, emphasizing mass marketing via social media. Key aspects include market penetration through affordable pricing and forward integration by collaborating with street food vendors. Implications suggest enhancing product innovation and understanding competitors' offerings. This research contributes to understanding effective marketing strategies in the fast-food industry, informing future business practices.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>Impact of marketing mix on consumer behavior.</p> <p>Influence of service quality on purchase decisions.</p> <p>Application of Kotler's strategy in fast food industry.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Marketing strategy, Service quality, Consumer decisions, Fast food industry, Kotler's marketing mix.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Neni Dwi Riris Setyowati, Kumara Adji Kusuma https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8668 Revolutionizing Tax Compliance Through Attitudes and Knowledge Worldwide 2024-06-09T22:31:12+00:00 Shintya Wardani shintyawardani@umsida.ac.id Sigit Hermawan sigithermawan@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the factors influencing individual taxpayer compliance at the South Sidoarjo Pratama Tax Office in Indonesia. Utilizing data from 75 respondents collected through questionnaires, the research examines the impact of attitudes, subjective norms, behavioral controls, and tax knowledge on compliance. Results indicate that attitudes and tax knowledge significantly influence compliance, while subjective norms and behavioral controls show no significant effect. These findings underscore the importance of fostering positive attitudes and enhancing tax knowledge to improve compliance among individual taxpayers. However, strategies targeting subjective norms and behavioral controls may require further exploration. Policymakers can utilize these insights to tailor interventions aimed at enhancing tax compliance, particularly in local tax offices like the South Sidoarjo Pratama Tax Office.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Attitudes Drive Compliance</strong>: Positive perceptions significantly influence individual taxpayer compliance.</p> <p><strong>Knowledge Enhances Compliance</strong>: Understanding tax regulations fosters better compliance.</p> <p><strong>Policy Tailoring for Compliance</strong>: Insights aid policymakers in designing effective compliance strategies.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Tax compliance, Attitudes, Subjective norms, Behavioral controls, Tax knowledge</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Shintya Wardani, Sigit Hermawan https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8250 Blackpink's Celebrity Endorsement Shapes Global Oreo Purchase Intentions 2024-06-10T03:38:39+00:00 Ina Fitria ina.fitria97@gmail.com Mas Oetarjo masoetarjo@umsida.ac.id <p>This research investigates how Celebrity Endorsement and Brand Image influence Purchase Intention for Oreo Blackpink products, with Brand Attitude as a mediator, aiming to fill a gap in understanding consumer behavior in the context of South Korean music group endorsements. Using quantitative techniques and data from 177 respondents who had seen advertisements and purchased Oreo Blackpink products, the study found that Celebrity Endorsement and Brand Image positively and significantly influence Brand Attitude. However, Brand Image did not significantly affect Purchase Intention, while Celebrity Endorsement and Brand Attitude had a positive and significant impact on Purchase Intention. The findings emphasize the importance of celebrity endorsement selection and Brand Attitude in shaping consumer perceptions and purchase intentions, providing insights for marketing strategies in competitive markets targeting emerging demographics.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Celeb Influence</strong>: Key in shaping perception and purchase for Oreo Blackpink.</p> <p><strong>Attitude's Role</strong>: Crucial mediator between endorsement, image, and purchase intention.</p> <p><strong>Strategic Insight</strong>: Selective endorsement and positive attitude enhance consumer engagement.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Celebrity Endorsement, Brand Image, Purchase Intention, Brand Attitude, Oreo Blackpink</p> 2024-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ina Fitria, Mas Oetarjo https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8825 Effective Sedation Strategies for Pediatric MRI: A Comprehensive Analysis 2024-04-04T05:57:58+00:00 Ahmed Nooruldeen Abdulrahman ah.za1980@gmail.com Wisam Adnan Mahmood ah.za1980@gmail.com Zinah Noorulden Abdulrahman ah.za1980@gmail.com <p>This study presents a structured sedation program for pediatric patients undergoing MRI, aiming to optimize safety and resource utilization. A total of 1857 children were included, with 48 admitted to the RCU, leaving 1809 for analysis. Children under 5 received oral sedation, while those 6 and older were assessed by referring physicians for sedation eligibility. The protocol involved chloral hydrate and paraldehyde, with a backup plan for intravenous sedation or general anesthesia overseen by an anesthetist consultant. Among 1039 scans, 597 were unsedated, and 442 were sedated successfully. Oral sedation failed in 50 cases (6.9%), predominantly in younger children (87% under 5 years). Notably, 2 out of 5 subjects using chloral hydrate experienced respiratory issues. This systematic approach led to efficient resource use and safe outcomes, highlighting the importance of tailored sedation protocols in pediatric imaging.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Reduced oral sedation failure rate to 6.9% in pediatric MRI.</li> <li>Anesthetist consultation enhances safety in MRI sedation procedures.</li> <li>Structured program optimizes resources and ensures safe outcomes in pediatrics.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Pediatric MRI, Sedation Program, Anesthetist Consultation, Oral Sedation, Resource Utilization</p> 2024-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ahmed Nooruldeen Abdulrahman, Wisam Adnan Mahmood, Zinah Noorulden Abdulrahman https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8942 Educational Boost Slashes SIDS Risk Awareness Gap Among Nurses in Iraq 2024-05-14T04:12:55+00:00 Safa Ahmed Mohammed Safa.ahmed2204m@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq Afifa Radha Aziz Dr.afifa@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq <p>This study evaluates the impact of an educational program on nurses' knowledge of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) risk factors at pediatric teaching hospitals in Baghdad City. Using a quasi-experimental design with fifty nurses divided into a control and a research group, we assessed knowledge levels through pre-tests and two post-tests. Results indicated that the educational intervention significantly improved nurses' knowledge from 60% to 76%, although this effect diminished slightly over time. The study underscores the importance of continuous education in enhancing nurse awareness and the implementation of safe sleep practices to reduce SIDS occurrences.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>Educational Impact: The study demonstrates a significant increase in nurses' knowledge about SIDS risk factors following an educational intervention.</li> <li>Sustained Learning: Knowledge gains were observed to diminish slightly over time, highlighting the need for ongoing educational programs.</li> <li>Practical Implications: Enhanced nurse training supports safer sleep practices, potentially reducing the incidence of SIDS.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Nurse Education, Knowledge, Risk Factors, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, Safe Sleep Practices</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Safa Ahmed Mohammed, Afifa Radha Aziz https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8991 Prevalence and Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Complaints Among Clinical Healthcare Workers 2024-05-19T13:16:13+00:00 Mohamad A. Akber mohammed.almayyahi@uobasrah.edu.iq <p>This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal complaints among health workers in clinical wards, examining the relationship between these complaints and various work-related and personal variables. Conducted between December 2022 and April 2023, this descriptive study utilized a non-probability, voluntary sample of 100 health workers. Results indicated that 26% of participants reported lower back pain, 49% arm or neck complaints, 44% regular back pain, and 51% leg complaints. Key risk factors included extended work hours without breaks (67%), time pressure (33%), lifting (45%), and stooping (54%). Despite high medium-risk exposure (85%), no participants reported high-risk levels. This study highlights the significant burden of WMSDs among clinical healthcare workers and underscores the need for interventions to reduce duce these risks and improve occupational health.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Prevalence: A significant portion of healthcare workers reported musculoskeletal complaints, with 51% experiencing leg pain and 49% arm or neck pain.</li> <li>Risk Factors: Key risk factors identified include prolonged work hours without breaks (67%), time pressure (33%), lifting (45%), and stooping (54%).</li> <li>Implications: The study underscores the need for targeted interventions to mitigate WMSDs and improve the occupational health of clinical healthcare workers.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Musculoskeletal Disorders, Healthcare Workers, Risk Factors, Occupational Health, Clinical Wards</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mohamad A. Akber https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9156 Association between Relative Risk Factor (RR) and ABO Blood Groups with Clinical Parameters in Patients with SARS-Cov-2 2024-06-23T07:13:49+00:00 Abdullah Fakhir Yousif Abdullah.Fakhir@utq.edu.iq Abeer Ghassan Mahdi Abeerg.alzubaidi@uokufa.edu.iq <p>This study investigates the correlation between ABO blood groups and SARS-CoV-2 infection among 1,303 participants from Babylon, comprising 397 infected individuals and 906 healthy controls. It explores three primary axes: genetic inheritance of ABO blood groups in 200 families, distribution of these blood groups in the context of SARS-CoV-2 infection, and the relationship of these blood groups with various physiological indicators in infected, recovered, and healthy subjects. The findings reveal that the AB blood group is disproportionately associated with a higher infection rate (RR = 1.808), whereas the O group shows a lesser susceptibility (RR = 0.901). Additionally, physiological changes such as decreased lymphocytes, MCH, and MCHC, alongside increased WBC, CRP, Ferritin, D-dimer, and LDH levels were noted in infected individuals. This study underscores the potential of ABO blood groups as a factor in COVID-19 infection risk, suggesting a direction for future research into tailored medical responses based on genetic predispositions.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Blood Group Impact: AB group had higher COVID-19 infection rates; O group had lower.</li> <li>Physiological Indicators: Infected individuals showed significant changes in key blood parameters.</li> <li>Medical Strategy: Findings suggest potential for personalized medical approaches based on ABO blood groups.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>SARS-Cov-2, ABO Blood Groups, Relative Risk Factor</p> 2024-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Abdullah Fakhir Yousif, Abeer Ghassan Mahdi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9157 Internet Addiction Among Middle Eastern Students Significantly Impacts Mental Health 2024-06-23T08:18:02+00:00 Duha Abdul Rahman Mohammed dhuha1@bauc14.edu.iq Hussein Alwan khalaf drhussein@bauc14.edu.iq Amal Roshdi Ahmed dr.amal.roshdi@gmail.com Adnan Majeed Ghadeer adnanalzheeri@gmail.com <p>Excessive internet use leads to problematic Internet usage (PIU), causing psychological, academic, and occupational issues. This study reviews 22 recent studies from PubMed, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate to assess internet addiction (IA) among Middle Eastern students and its link to anxiety and depression. The findings indicate a high prevalence of IA, significantly correlated with mental health disorders and negatively impacting academic performance. Enhanced assessment tools, a better understanding of IA's causes, and innovative interventions are needed to address this issue and mitigate its negative effects on students' mental health and academic outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>High Prevalence: Internet addiction is common among Middle Eastern students.</li> <li>Mental Health Impact: Significant correlation between internet addiction, anxiety, and depression.</li> <li>Academic Decline: Internet addiction negatively affects students' academic performance.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Internet addiction; mental health; academic performance; Middle Eastern students; anxiety</p> 2024-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Duha Abdul Rahman Mohammed, Hussein Alwan khalaf , Amal Roshdi Ahmed, Adnan Majeed Ghadeer https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9223 The Study On Antioxidant And Anti-Inflammatory Effects Of Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin In Male Rats Receiving Indomethacin 2024-07-07T05:14:35+00:00 Ibrahim H. Muslim Pgs.ibrahim.hashim@uobasrah.edu.iq Nadheerah F. Neamah nadheerah@gmail.com Falah H. Shari falah@gmail.com <p>Sodium copper chlorophyllin (SC-C) is widely used for its biological properties and color. This study evaluated SC-C's antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in male rats treated with indomethacin. Fifty rats were divided into five groups: control, indomethacin, rabeprazole, and two SC-C dosages (35 mg/kg and 70 mg/kg). Indomethacin reduced serum GPx levels, but rabeprazole and SC-C treatments restored them. MDA levels increased with indomethacin but normalized with other treatments. Indomethacin also lowered IL-10, IL-4, and TNF, which returned to normal in treated groups. Histopathology showed SC-C reversed liver damage from indomethacin. SC-C demonstrates strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, suggesting its potential as a therapeutic agent.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>SC-C significantly restores serum GPx levels reduced by indomethacin.</li> <li>SC-C normalizes MDA, IL-10, IL-4, and TNF levels, countering oxidative stress.</li> <li>Histopathology shows SC-C reverses liver damage induced by indomethacin.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key wards:</strong> Sodium copper chlorophyllin, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, indomethacin, oxidative stress</p> 2024-07-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ibrahim H. Muslim, Nadheerah F. Neamah, Falah H. Shari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8238 Unveiling Baghdad's Urban Identity: A Comprehensive Study on the Dynamics of Urban Imprint 2023-11-28T01:38:20+00:00 Asawer Abdulrahman Abbas aa100215aa@gmail.com Shaimaa Hameed Hussein shaimaahameed@yahoo.com <p>This research examines the "urban imprint" from an environmental and architectural perspective, focusing on Baghdad, Iraq. Analyzing Baghdad's urban evolution, considering social activities, ideological concepts, and economic factors, it aims to delineate characteristics contributing to the city's unique imprint. It underscores urban sprawl, population growth, and modernity's impact on the urban landscape, emphasizing the need for standards aligning with the city's identity. Findings reveal a dynamic process influenced by fixed and variable factors. Implications stress physical form assimilation to reflect local values, promoting sustainable urbanization. The study calls to halt Baghdad's urban deterioration, emphasizing the importance of regularly updating city-specific requirements for urban imprint. This research informs the global discourse on urban identity and design.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>This research explores the concept of "urban imprint" with a focus on Baghdad, analyzing its historical evolution and factors shaping its unique urban identity.</li> <li>It highlights the ongoing dynamics of urban imprint influenced by urban sprawl, population growth, and modernization.</li> <li>The study emphasizes the need for tailored urban design standards to preserve local identity and promote sustainable urbanization.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Urban Imprint, Baghdad City, Urban Identity, Sustainable Urbanization, Environmental Factors</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Asawer Abdulrahman Abbas, Shaimaa Hameed Hussein https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8385 Effect of Stud Connector Diameter on the Behavior of Steel–Lightweight Self-Compacting Concrete Composite Beams with Partial shear Connection 2024-03-05T06:30:53+00:00 Bayadir Abed Hadi baiderabd@gmail.com Samoel Mahdi Saleh samoel.saleh@uobasrah.edu.iq <p>This study investigates the efficacy of using lightweight self-compacting concrete (LWSCC) in steel-concrete composite beams, focusing on the role of headed stud connectors in shear connection. The research aimed to evaluate the behavior and shear strength of M16 and M20 headed stud connectors within LWSCC. To this end, six push-out test samples and six simply supported steel-LWSCC composite beams were fabricated and tested, with variables including the degree of shear connection (DSC) and stud diameter. The results demonstrated that an increase in DSC significantly enhanced the ultimate load capacity, service load, and stiffness of the composite beams, with marked improvements observed in the beams with M16 connectors (94%, 95%, and 122%, respectively) and those with M20 connectors (43%, 43%, and 20%, respectively). Furthermore, increasing the stud diameter from 16mm to 20mm resulted in a 38% increase in shear strength of the connectors and notably improved the mechanical characteristics of the beams. The study also found that while an increased DSC reduces deflection at ultimate and service loads due to heightened stiffness, a larger stud diameter has only a marginal effect on deflection. This research highlights the potential of LWSCC in enhancing the structural performance of steel-concrete composite beams, particularly with optimized shear connections, offering valuable insights for advancements in construction materials and methods.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>Enhanced Load Capacity: Increase in the degree of shear connection significantly boosts ultimate load capacity and stiffness in composite beams.</li> <li>Stud Diameter Impact: A 38% rise in shear strength is achieved by increasing stud diameter from 16mm to 20mm.</li> <li>Deflection Reduction: Higher degree of shear connection effectively minimizes deflection, though stud diameter has minimal impact.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>Lightweight Self-Compacting Concrete, Steel-Concrete Composite Beams, Shear Connection, Headed Stud Connectors, Structural Performance.</p> 2024-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Bayadir Abed Hadi, Samoel Mahdi Saleh https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8807 Advancing Critical Force Determination in Reinforced Concrete Columns: A Practical Approach 2024-04-04T05:59:10+00:00 Kulmirzayeva Gulrabo Abduganiyevna gkulmirzayeva@mail.ru Kosimov Turaboy Kosimovich gkulmirzayeva@mail.ru <p>This study aims to present practical solutions for determining the critical forces of eccentrically compressed reinforced concrete columns with flat buckling form, employing conventional reinforcement while considering variable joint stiffness along the rod's length. The methods involved rigorous structural analysis and experimental validation to ascertain the accuracy of the proposed approach. Results demonstrated significant advancements in accurately predicting critical forces, enhancing structural integrity, and optimizing material utilization. The implications of these findings extend to improving the safety and efficiency of reinforced concrete structures, offering valuable insights for global engineering and construction professionals.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Practical solutions for critical forces in reinforced concrete columns.</li> <li>Utilization of conventional reinforcement for cost-effectiveness.</li> <li>Consideration of variable joint stiffness for accurate predictions.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Critical Force, Eccentric Compression, Loss of Stability</p> 2024-12-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Kulmirzayeva Gulrabo Abduganiyevna , Kosimov Turaboy Kosimovich https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9128 Experimental Behavior of SIFCON Corbels 2024-06-13T03:08:49+00:00 Hanadi F. Frhaan hanadi2297@gmail.com Aqeel Hatem Chkheiwer hanadi2297@gmail.com <p>This study explores the performance of six Slurry Infiltrated Fiber Concrete (SIFCON) corbels with a constant steel fiber volume of 6%, under varying vertical loads. By altering the shear span-to-depth ratio (a/d) from 0.4 to 0.6 and utilizing different fiber types (hooked end and micro) and reinforcement configurations (2Ø12mm and 3Ø12mm), the research examines the impact on maximum and cracking load capacities of the corbels. Results indicate that the a/d ratio, along with fiber type and reinforcement choice, significantly influences the structural behavior, offering insights for enhancing SFRC corbels' design and efficiency in construction applications.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Shear Span Impact: Changing the shear span-to-depth ratio critically affects load capacity.</li> <li>Material Influence: Fiber types and reinforcement configurations alter load behavior.</li> <li>Design Implications: Results highlight the importance of design choices in enhancing SIFCON corbels' structural performance.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>SIFCON, Corbels, Shear Span, Steel Fiber, Load Capacity</p> 2024-06-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hanadi F. Frhaan, Aqeel Hatem Chkheiwer https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9253 Iraq's hydrocarbon crisis demands integrated remediation solutions 2024-07-11T23:26:33+00:00 Nour Allah Mahdi Jabbar Noorullah@utq.edu.iq <p>Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in Iraq’s oil-bearing areas significantly impacts the environment and public health. This study reviews contamination sources, such as oil spills and industrial disposal, and outlines the identification and quantification methods using GC-MS and FTIR. Various remediation strategies, including bioremediation, phytoremediation, chemical oxidation, thermal remediation, and physical removal, are discussed. The review highlights challenges in implementation due to technological, financial, regulatory, and community engagement issues. An integrated adaptive management approach is recommended to mitigate risks and ensure sustainable development of Iraq’s oil sector.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Highlight:</p> <ul> <li>Hydrocarbon identification and quantification using GC-MS and FTIR.</li> <li>Combined remediation: bioremediation, phytoremediation, chemical oxidation, thermal remediation, physical removal.</li> <li>Challenges: technological, financial, regulatory, and community engagement issues.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keyword:&nbsp; Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination, Iraq, GC-MS, FTIR, remediation strategies</p> 2024-07-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nour Allah Mahdi Jabbar https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8906 Vanishing Green and the Loss of Iraq's Ecological Balance Due to Urban Expansion 2024-05-08T08:13:20+00:00 Ahmed Abbas Kadhim ahmedamaarm@gmail.com Laith Zaid Abbas ameen999ashraf@gmail.com <p>This study examines the impact of rapid urbanization on the green spaces of Baghdad, highlighting the environmental, economic, and social challenges posed by unplanned urban sprawl in developing countries. Using historical and descriptive methodologies, along with comparative analysis of urban growth, the research reveals that increased migration and weak governmental oversight have significantly reduced green areas, transforming potential parks into residential and commercial zones. The findings underscore the need for stringent urban planning and policy reforms to preserve and expand green spaces, aligning with global sustainability standards to enhance urban quality of life and ecological balance in Baghdad.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Urban Expansion: Baghdad's rapid growth has significantly reduced its green spaces.</li> <li>Weak Oversight: Lack of strict regulations has led to the conversion of green areas into urban developments.</li> <li>Sustainability Strategies: Urges policy reforms and sustainable planning to enhance urban green spaces.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Urbanization, Basic Design, Green Spaces, Overpopulation, Land Use&nbsp;</p> 2024-12-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ahmed Abbas Kadhim , Laith Zaid Abbas https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8943 Zamzam Water Surpasses Global Standards in Quality and Mineral Content 2024-05-17T11:28:51+00:00 Abed Sultan Hassan a.sultan@bauc14.edu.iq Nadia Abd Ellatif Ali dr.nadia@bauc14.edu.iq <p>This study investigates the physical, chemical, and bacteriological properties of Zamzam tap water and two popular bottled waters, "Rounaq" and "Naba' Al- Rayan," in Diyala Governorate. Conducted at Al-Rafidain University College and the Central Public Health Laboratory in Baghdad, the research analyzes taste, odor, color, pH, essential minerals, and bacterial contamination. Findings indicate that Zamzam water excels in sensory qualities and contains beneficial minerals like potassium and magnesium within safe limits, with no bacterial contamination detected. These results affirm Zamzam's superior quality and underline the necessity for regular quality checks of bottled waters to ensure public health safety.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Superior Sensory Qualities: Zamzam water was notably superior in taste, odor, and color compared to the other bottled waters tested.</li> <li>Mineral Content and Safety: All water samples contained essential minerals like potassium and magnesium within safe limits, confirming their nutritional value and compliance with health standards.</li> <li>Bacterial Purity: No bacterial or pathogenic contamination was detected in any of the water samples, ensuring their safety for consumption.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Zamzam Water, Bottled Water Quality, Mineral Content, Bacteriological Safety, Sensory Properties</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Abed Sultan Hassan , Nadia Abd Ellatif Ali https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9222 Exposing Milk Adulteration in Iraq Markets 2024-07-07T02:44:00+00:00 Azhar Lateef Jebur az.fat76@gmail.com Karar Saleh Abed k03929565@gmail.com Amir Hilal Muhammad ameeralhrley@gmail.com Hussein Neama Hussein hsynnmh726@gmail.com Sura mohammed fatlawi msura1521@gmail.com <p>This study evaluated eighteen unflavored milk samples from local markets in Karbala, Diyala, Basra, Kirkuk, Wasit, and Babil, Iraq, to detect adulteration. Using total solids measurements, refractive index tests, and iodine starch tests, we aimed to assess milk quality. Except for sample No. 6, all samples tested negative for starch, indicating minimal thickening agent adulteration. However, samples 4, 5, 11, and 13 failed the refractive index test, suggesting water adulteration. These findings highlight the need for better monitoring and regulation to ensure milk purity and protect public health across different Iraqi regions.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Identified milk adulteration in six Iraqi governorates.</li> <li>Sample 6 tested positive for starch adulteration.</li> <li>Samples 4, 5, 11, 13 failed refractive index test.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> milk adulteration, Iraqi markets, quality control, refractive index, starch test</p> 2024-07-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Azhar Lateef Jebur , Karar Saleh Abed , Amir Hilal Muhammad , Hussein Neama Hussein, Sura mohammed fatlawi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8148 Isoxazolidine Derivatives Exhibit Selective Antitumor Activity Against Breast Cancer Cells 2023-11-28T01:46:00+00:00 Wijdan Abbas Eneama wijdanabbas946@gmail.com Husam Hamza Salman wijdanabbas946@gmail.com Mazin N`adhim Mousa wijdanabbas946@gmail.com <p>Breast cancer, a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women, necessitates effective therapeutic interventions. Heterocyclic compounds, prevalent in FDA-approved pharmaceuticals, play a pivotal role in drug development. This study focuses on isoxazolidine derivatives, a subgroup of nitrogen and oxygen-containing heterocycles, known for their potential in antitumor applications. A series of novel isoxazolidine compounds were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer efficacy using MTT assays against MCF-7 and HdFn cell lines, alongside normal cells. Structural elucidation employed FT-IR, 13C-NMR, 1H-NMR, and E-I mass spectroscopy. Results revealed compound (IZ3) with an IC50 value of 32.49 µg/ml, demonstrating notable antitumor activity in MCF-7 cells compared to HdFn. Notably, compounds (IZ1 and IZ2) exhibited IC50 values of 64 µg/ml and 128 µg/ml, respectively. These findings underscore the potential of isoxazolidine derivatives as promising candidates for targeted breast cancer therapies, warranting further investigation in preclinical models and clinical trials.</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <ul> <li>Novel Isoxazolidine Compounds: Synthesized and Evaluated</li> <li>Selective Antitumor Activity: Demonstrated in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells</li> <li>Promising Therapeutic Candidates: Isoxazolidine Derivatives for Targeted Breast Cancer Therapy</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Breast cancer, Isoxazolidine Derivatives, Antitumor Activity, Heterocyclic Compounds, Drug Development</p> 2023-10-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wijdan Abbas Eneama, Husam Hamza Salman, Mazin N`adhim Mousa https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8941 Fungi as a Sustainable Solution for Heavy Metal Removal in Wastewater Treatment 2024-05-19T13:22:10+00:00 Roaa Hassan Al-Tayef roaahassan@tu.edu.iq Raad Abdalrazaq Hamdi roaahassan@tu.edu.iq <p>This study investigates the ability of non-living fungal biomass from Aspergillus terreus, Rhizopus oligosporus, and Rhizopus arrhizus to reduce heavy metal concentrations in wastewater. Using non-living fungal blocks, the experiment targeted the removal of lead (0.70 ppm), cadmium (0.110 ppm), and copper (0.80 ppm) from wastewater at the Al-Dur district sewage treatment station. Conducted under controlled conditions (25 degrees Celsius, pH 6.5-7.6) over a 24-hour period, the results demonstrated significant reductions in metal concentrations, with statistical significance at P&lt;0.01. These findings suggest that non-living fungal biomass could be a cost-effective and environmentally friendly alternative for heavy metal remediation in wastewater treatment.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Fungal biomass effectively reduces lead, cadmium, copper quickly.</li> <li>Results statistically significant, demonstrating reliability.</li> <li>Sustainable, cost-effective alternative to chemical treatments.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Heavy Elements, Aspergillus Terries, Rhizopus Oligosporium, Fungal Biosorption, Non-Living Biomass</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Roaa Hassan Al-Tayef, Raad Abdalrazaq Hamdi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8994 Unmasking Hidden Threats Global Spread of MBL Resistance Exposed 2024-05-19T13:18:28+00:00 Ali Hussain Anaid Taaban 1hly35508@gmail.com Muntadhar Shakir Neama Ali muntadhar9796@gmail.com Sura Haidar Mutashar Azgair Azgair Ssry60233@gmail.com Fatima Muzahim Qasim fatimamuzahim3131f@gmail.com <div>This study aims to establish a routine monitoring system for MBL enzymes to provide timely data to healthcare professionals and policy makers, enabling informed decision making on antibiotic use and resistance management. Using a combination of molecular biology techniques and data analysis, we monitor MBL activity in various institutional settings. The increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria is a significant threat to public health globally. Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL), an enzyme that confers resistance to a wide range of beta-lactam antibiotics, is particularly concerning due to its ability to spread rapidly in healthcare and community settings. Despite the importance of this issue, systematic monitoring and understanding of MBL remains inadequate.&nbsp;Our findings reveal a significant, previously unreported presence of MBLs, underscoring the urgent need for targeted antibiotic stewardship programs. The implications of this study emphasize the importance of integrating enzyme monitoring into standard healthcare practices to reduce the spread of MDR bacteria.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong>Highlights:</strong></div> <ul> <li>Regular Monitoring: Essential for tracking MBL enzyme prevalence and guiding antibiotic use.</li> <li>Advanced Techniques: Molecular biology methods enhance MBL detection and analysis.</li> <li>Policy Integration: Crucial for implementing enzyme monitoring in healthcare to combat MDR bacteria spread.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>MBL Enzymes, Antibiotic Resistance, Healthcare Monitoring, Molecular Biology, Stewardship Programs</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ali Hussain Anaid Taaban, Muntadhar Shakir Neama Ali, Sura Haidar Mutashar Azgair Azgair, Fatima Muzahim Qasim https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9142 Enhanced Protease Production from Diabetic Ulcer-Derived E. coli 2024-06-18T11:15:38+00:00 Mustafa Talib Muhsin abualshooq44@gmail.com <p>This study explored a local Escherichia coli isolate from diabetic foot ulcer patients for protease enzyme production. Qualitative screening on skim milk agar showed a 6 mm hydrolysis halo, while quantitative screening with casein revealed a specific activity of 144.55 U/mg protein. Purification via ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose increased the specific activity to 767.5 U/mg, with a 5.3-fold enhancement and a 29.5% yield. The findings suggest E. coli as a viable source for protease production and demonstrate the efficiency of ion-exchange chromatography for enzyme purification, with potential significant industrial applications.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>E. coli sourced from diabetic ulcers shows promise for protease production.</li> <li>Skim milk agar and casein used for qualitative and quantitative screening.</li> <li>Ion exchange chromatography significantly enhances enzyme specific activity.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Escherichia coli, protease production, diabetic foot ulcer, enzyme purification, ion exchange chromatography</p> 2024-06-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mustafa Talib Muhsin https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9188 Watery diarrhea between Vibrio cholera and Aeromonas hydrophila during Iraqi cholera outbreaks 2024-07-01T22:40:51+00:00 Aghadeer Sarmad Najeeb akaders.n.321@gmail.com Musaab Ahmed Ibrahim Ibrahim@gmail.com Hala Luay Abduljabbar Abduljabbar@gmail.com <p>Cholera remains a significant health challenge globally, especially in regions with poor infrastructure and healthcare. This study aimed to detect Aeromonas hydrophila in clinical samples from diarrhea patients during the 2022-2023 outbreaks in Iraq. Archived samples from Baquba General Teaching Hospital were analyzed using culture media, biochemical tests, and the VITEK 2 system. Both Vibrio cholerae and A. hydrophila isolates produced virulence factors such as hemolysin, protease, lipase, phospholipase, and biofilm. Antibiotic susceptibility testing showed A. hydrophila was susceptible to cefepime, ceftazidime, amikacin, imipenem, meropenem, and piperacillin-tazobactam but resistant to aztreonam, levofloxacin, and ciprofloxacin. V. cholerae was susceptible to amikacin, imipenem, meropenem, piperacillin-tazobactam, doxycycline, and chloramphenicol but resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ampicillin. The findings highlight the need for better recognition of Aeromonas as a gastrointestinal pathogen and emphasize the importance of improved diagnostics and public health initiatives to reduce diarrheal diseases.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Detection Methods:</strong> Culture media, biochemical tests, VITEK 2 system used.</li> <li><strong>Virulence Factors:</strong> Hemolysin, protease, lipase, phospholipase, biofilm production identified.</li> <li><strong>Antibiotic Resistance:</strong> Specific resistance observed in A. hydrophila and V. cholerae.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Cholera, Aeromonas hydrophila, Antibiotic Susceptibility, Diarrhea, Iraq Outbreak</p> 2024-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Aghadeer Sarmad Najeeb, Musaab Ahmed Ibrahim, Hala Luay Abduljabbar https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9248 Optimizing Conditions to Combat Antibiotic Resistance in Pathogenic Bacteria 2024-07-11T03:40:17+00:00 Adawia Fadhel Abbas Adwa_a2000@yahoo.com <p><strong>Background:</strong> Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a significant adaptive trait that allows pathogenic bacterial subpopulations to out-compete and out-survive their microbial neighbors and overcome host defenses. <strong>Specific Background:</strong> Despite extensive research, the influence of various environmental parameters on antibiotic sensitivity in pathogenic bacteria remains underexplored. <strong>Knowledge Gap:</strong> There is limited understanding of how temperature, pH, bacterial inoculum volume, and culture medium amount affect the antibiotic resistance of both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. <strong>Aims:</strong> To investigate the effects of these parameters on the antibiotic sensitivity of four standard laboratory strains: Escherichia coli, Proteus spp., Klebsiella spp., and Staphylococcus aureus. <strong>Results:</strong> Our findings indicate imipenem exhibited the highest sensitivity, with percentages varying significantly based on temperature (92% at 35-39°C), pH (83% at pH 6-8), inoculum volume (42% at 0.1-1.0 μL), and medium volume (67% at 15-35 ml). Conversely, antibiotics such as Piperacillin, Amoxicillin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline 30, and Cephalexin showed high resistance, with Tetracycline 10 being the most resistant. <strong>Novelty:</strong> This study highlights the significant impact of environmental conditions on bacterial antibiotic resistance, emphasizing the need for tailored antibiotic use based on specific bacterial characteristics and growth conditions. <strong>Implications:</strong> The results suggest that optimizing environmental parameters can enhance antibiotic efficacy and inform better clinical practices to combat AMR, thus improving treatment outcomes for bacterial infections.</p> <p>Highlights:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Parameter Influence: Temperature, pH, inoculum, medium amount affect antibiotic sensitivity.</li> <li>Highest Sensitivity: Imipenem most effective across conditions.</li> <li>Tailored Use: Optimize conditions for better antibiotic efficacy.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Antimicrobial resistance, bacterial sensitivity, environmental parameters, Imipenem, pathogenic bacteria</p> 2024-07-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Adawia Fadhel Abbas https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9243 Dramatic Improvements in Patient Understanding of Epilepsy in Iraq 2024-07-10T04:21:48+00:00 Hassan Ali Khamis hasan.ali2102p@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq Mohammed Baqer Al-Jubouri maaljubouri@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq <p><strong>Background:</strong> Epilepsy, a chronic brain disorder causing recurrent seizures, affects over 50 million people globally, leading to significant social challenges due to prevalent misconceptions. <strong>Objective:</strong> This study aims to evaluate patients' knowledge about epilepsy at Baquba Teaching Hospital's neurological department. <strong>Methodology:</strong> A pre-experimental design with pretest and posttest assessments was conducted from July 11 to December 5, 2023, involving 100 epilepsy patients. Data were gathered using the Epilepsy Knowledge Scale (EKS), with both inferential and descriptive statistical analyses. <strong>Results:</strong> Patients initially had insufficient knowledge about epilepsy, but the instructional program significantly improved their understanding, as shown by notable pretest and posttest score differences. <strong>Novelty:</strong> This study highlights the efficacy of instructional programs in enhancing epilepsy knowledge among patients, emphasizing the importance of educational interventions in managing chronic neurological conditions. <strong>Implications:</strong> The results suggest that instructional programs should be routinely implemented in clinical settings to increase epilepsy awareness and knowledge among patients. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The instructional program effectively enhances epilepsy knowledge among patients, suggesting it should be routinely implemented to improve patient education and outcomes, regardless of socio-demographic factors.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Patients initially had low epilepsy knowledge.</li> <li>Instructional program greatly improved understanding.</li> <li>No link between knowledge and demographics.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Epilepsy, patient knowledge, instructional program, neurological disorders, Baquba Teaching Hospital</p> 2024-07-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hassan Ali Khamis , Mohammed Baqer Al-Jubouri https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8127 Exploring Hemingway's Depiction of War Violence: Psychological and Societal Impacts in Selected Novels 2023-11-28T01:46:20+00:00 Emad Mohammad Abbar imadalajili@gmail.com <p>This study delves into the portrayal of war violence in four seminal novels by Ernest Hemingway, namely, "A Farewell to Arms," "For Whom the Bell Tolls," "The Sun Also Rises," and "To Have and Have Not." Employing a qualitative analysis, this research categorizes instances of war violence based on thematic implications, narrative techniques, and character responses, while considering contextual information from Hemingway's own wartime experiences. The analysis unveils that Hemingway's exploration of war violence transcends the physical battlefield, emphasizing the profound psychological traumas, moral quandaries, and societal scars it inflicts. Characters within these narratives grapple with disillusionment, existential anguish, and a sense of alienation, reflecting the multifaceted impacts of war on individuals and society. Hemingway's personal involvement in World War I and the Spanish Civil War greatly influences his portrayal of war violence, presenting it as not only an external conflict but an internal struggle that challenges ideologies, identities, and human resilience. The thematic recurrence across these novels underscores Hemingway's persistent examination of the enduring consequences of war. In essence, Hemingway's depiction of war violence serves as a lens through which to contemplate the profound psychological and societal repercussions of conflict, offering an enduring reflection on the devastating nature of war.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <ul> <li>Qualitative analysis of Hemingway's war narratives.</li> <li>Psychological and moral dilemmas in war literature.</li> <li>Hemingway's personal experiences and their literary influence.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> War Violence, Hemingway Novels, Psychological Impacts, Societal Consequences, Qualitative Analysis</p> 2023-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Emad Mohammad Abbar https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9168 Parenting Styles and Social Phobia in Iraqi Teens 2024-06-26T21:31:10+00:00 Anwar asmail anwar.jabr2205m@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq Kareem Sajit Sajit@gmail.com <p>This study evaluated the socio-demographic characteristics and social phobia levels of 385 secondary school students in the Thi-Qar Governorate of Iraq. Using a descriptive, cross-sectional design, data were collected via questionnaires and analyzed with IBM SPSS 20.0. Results indicated that students, predominantly from nuclear families and moderate-income homes, exhibited mild to moderate social phobia (M±SD = 32.47±7.852). Permissive parenting styles were linked to higher social phobia, with notable differences between mothers' and fathers' influences. The study underscores the need for school-based psychological support programs and calls for further research with larger, more diverse samples.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>Students exhibited mild to moderate social phobia (M±SD = 32.47±7.852).</li> <li>Permissive parenting styles linked to higher social phobia.</li> <li>Recommends school-based psychological support programs.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; socio-demographic, social phobia, secondary students, parenting styles, Iraq</p> 2024-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Anwar asmail , Kareem Sajit https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8158 Comparative Analysis of Lutein Content in Leaves and Fruit of Lycium barbarum: Implications for Medicinal Applications 2023-11-28T01:45:35+00:00 Omaima Saddam Zirjawi umaymasaddam@gmail.com Ula M Noor Almousawi umaymasaddam@gmail.com Amjed Haseeb Khamees umaymasaddam@gmail.com <div class="group final-completion w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-15"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>Herbal medicine stands as a pivotal realm of contemporary research, offering substantial benefits with minimal side effects. Lycium barbarum, recognized for its abundant bioactive compounds, holds promise in treating various ailments, particularly in antiaging and antioxidative capacities. Carotenoids, notably lutein and zeaxanthin, constitute key bioactive compounds with diverse functions in both plant physiology and human health, including photo protection against intense light and detoxification of reactive oxygen species. This study meticulously examines the lutein content within leaves and fruit of L. barbarum, employing a uniform extraction method and solvent. The investigation illuminates significant variations in lutein content between the leaves and fruit, shedding light on potential applications in herbal medicine and nutraceuticals.</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <div class="group final-completion w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-17"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li> <p>Herbal Medicine Advancements: This study underscores the pivotal role of herbal medicine in contemporary research, emphasizing its potential for providing substantial benefits with minimal side effects.</p> </li> <li> <p>Lycium barbarum's Therapeutic Potential: The research highlights Lycium barbarum's significance due to its rich array of bioactive compounds, particularly in addressing antiaging and antioxidative requirements.</p> </li> <li> <p>Bioactive Carotenoids in Focus: The study delves into the functions of essential bioactive compounds, lutein and zeaxanthin, elucidating their roles in plant physiology and human health, including their photoprotective and detoxifying properties.</p> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Herbal Medicine, Lycium Barbarum, Bioactive Compounds, Carotenoids, Lutein Content</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-10-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Omaima Saddam Zirjawi, Ula M Noor Almousawi, Amjed Haseeb Khamees https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9158 Heat Stress in Iraq Slashes Dairy Cow Health and Milk Production 2024-07-10T03:16:52+00:00 Azhar Lateef Shwish azharsh652@gmail.com <p>This study examined the impact of heat stress on dairy cows in Iraq, categorizing them into Comfortable Zone (CZ), Mild Stress (MS), and High Stress (HS) based on the Thermal Humidity Index (THI). Over 90 days, cows were monitored for physiological, hematological, biochemical, and milk production parameters. Results showed that as heat stress increased, cows exhibited higher respiration, heart, and pulse rates, and rectal and skin temperatures. Hemoglobin and packed cell volume decreased, while red blood cell count and other related measures increased. Biochemical analyses revealed higher levels of cortisol, blood urea nitrogen, total protein, and liver enzymes, with reduced albumin. Milk yield and quality significantly declined under HS conditions. These findings highlight the need for effective heat stress mitigation to protect cow health and dairy productivity in hot climates.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Heat Stress Impact: Increased respiration, heart, pulse rates, and rectal and skin temperatures.</li> <li>Blood Changes: Lower hemoglobin, higher cortisol, blood urea nitrogen, liver enzymes.</li> <li>Milk Production: Reduced yield, fat content, and protein content under high stress.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> heat stress, dairy cows, physiology, milk production, Iraq</p> 2024-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Azhar Lateef Shwish https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8237 Information and Communication Systems' Impact on Healthcare Quality: Insights from Medical City Complex Employees 2023-11-28T01:45:04+00:00 Ola.B. Hashim ola.b.396@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq <p>This descriptive analytical study investigates the pivotal role of information and communication systems in enhancing the quality of medical services, drawing upon the perspectives of employees at Medical City Complex. Employing a semi-experimental approach with 40 participants from the Department of Medicine, the research delves into the understanding of information and communication systems and quality medical care. The study employs a three-section questionnaire, encompassing demographic information, dimensions of healthcare quality, and dimensions of information and communication systems. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were rigorously established. The findings unveil significant trends, particularly in factors such as age and years of service, illustrating their links to healthcare quality and information and communication systems. Detailed analyses of healthcare quality dimensions (Tangibles, Reliability, and Assurance) and information system aspects (Management, Organization, and Information Technology) are presented. The study concludes by elucidating the impact of independent variables on dependent variables, providing invaluable insights for future research and decision-making in the healthcare sector, ultimately enhancing the quality of medical care and information systems.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Investigates the impact of information and communication systems on medical service quality.</li> <li>Utilizes a semi-experimental approach with 40 Department of Medicine employees.</li> <li>Highlights the influence of age and years of service on healthcare quality and information systems.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp; </strong>Healthcare Quality, Information and Communication Systems, Employee Perspectives, Validity and Reliability, Healthcare Improvement</p> 2023-11-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ola.B. Hashim https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7486 Comparison Of The Number Of Leukocytes, Lymphocytes, Monocytes and Neutrophils In Patients with Infectious and Non-Infectious Febriles 2023-11-28T01:37:23+00:00 Nadiyatul Husna Shofaroh nadiyahusna425@gmail.com Syahrul Ardiansyah Syahrul@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-dtxgd-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-dtxgd-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm gizmo:pb-9 dark:bg-gray-800 gizmo:dark:bg-transparent"> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-7"> <div class="p-4 gizmo:py-2 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl } group final-completion"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gizmo:w-full lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full gap-3 gizmo:gap-0"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message peer flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words peer-[.text-message]:mt-5 overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="c78260a3-455f-4536-90df-d5790aed691a"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>The examination parameters used to detect febris are leukocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit, and platelets. Leukocyte examination is very important to detect the cause of febris. The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of the number of leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils in patients with infectious and non-infectious febris. This study used a laboratory experimental research design, with quantitative methods. The research subjects were febris patients aged 0-5 years with a total of 60 patients. Data showing a significance value of p=0.000 (p&lt;0.05) means that there is a comparison between the number of infectious and non-infectious febris leukocytes and the number of monocytes shows a significance value of p=0.003 (p&lt;0.05) means that there is a comparison between the number of monocytes of infectious and non-infectious febris patients. While the number of lymphocytes showed a significance value of p=0.482 (p&gt;0.05) meaning that there was no comparison between the number of lymphocytes with febris infection and non-infection, and the number of neutrophils showed a significance value of p=0.287 (p&gt;0.05) meaning that there was no comparison between the number of neutrophils with febris infection and non-infection. Conclusion on the examination of the number of leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils in infectious and non-infectious febris patients, there is a comparison in the number of leukocytes and monists between infectious and non-infectious febris patients.</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <ul> <li>Leukocyte exams crucial for febrile diagnosis.</li> <li>Variances in leukocyte and monocyte counts aid distinction.</li> <li>Unique cell count patterns reveal infection types.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Febris, Leukocytes, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Neutrophils</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nadiyatul Husna Shofaroh, Syahrul Ardiansyah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8380 Moderate Proficiency in Suture Techniques Among Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study 2024-03-05T06:29:29+00:00 Husham Hussain Abdul -Ra’aoof Hushamhussain@uobasrah.edu.iq Sundus Baqer Dawood Dawood@uobasrah.edu.iq Firas A Jassim Firasjassim@uobasrah.edu.iq Saja Kareem Jassim SajaKareemJassim@uobasrah.edu.iq Sajjad Salim Issa SajjadSalimissa@uobasrah.edu.iq Ali Malik Tiryag ali.malik@uobasrah.edu.iq Mohamad A Akber Akber@uobasrah.edu.iq Maher Abdulameer Atiyah MaherAbdulameer@uobasrah.edu.iq <p>This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of healthcare providers, specifically nurses, regarding suturing skills, methods, and types at Al-Basrah Teaching Hospital. A descriptive cross-sectional approach was adopted from January 1, 2023, to July 30, 2023. A purposive sample of 100 nurses, representing both genders and various wards, participated. Preliminary validation was conducted through a pilot study involving ten healthcare providers, and Cronbach's Alpha assessed the survey's reliability. Data analysis was executed using SPSS version 26, focusing on descriptive statistics (mean, SD, frequency) and inferential statistics (chi-square). The demographic profile showed an equal distribution in age (50% aged 20-35), a slight female predominance (52%), and a majority holding diplomas (56%). Results indicated a moderate level of knowledge and proficiency in suturing skills and techniques among the participants. These findings suggest a need for enhanced training and education in suturing to improve patient care outcomes in clinical settings.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Moderate Suturing Proficiency:</strong> Nurses displayed a medium level of knowledge and skill in suturing techniques.</li> <li><strong>Demographic Diversity:</strong> Sample included a balanced age distribution, slight female predominance, and majority diploma holders.</li> <li><strong>Training Implications:</strong> Results highlight the necessity for improved suturing education to enhance patient care quality.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> Suturing Skills, Nurse Education, Healthcare Training, Cross-Sectional Study, Clinical Competency</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Husham Hussain Abdul -Ra’aoof, Sundus Baqer Dawood, Firas A Jassim, Saja Kareem Jassim, Sajjad Salim Issa, Ali Malik Tiryag, Mohamad A Akber, Maher Abdulameer Atiyah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8377 Investigation Study of Cephalexin Capsule Content from Different Drug Companies Available in the Iraqi Pharmaceutical Market 2024-03-05T06:29:11+00:00 Ekhlass T Soore Ph.ekhlasss@gmail.com Najib Al Sabea Ph.ekhlasss@gmail.com <p>This study aimed to evaluate the cephalexin content in different capsule formulations from various pharmaceutical companies in the Iraqi market, ensuring medication safety and efficacy. Utilizing computerized High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), we analyzed the cephalexin (500 mg) capsules, employing a calibration curve plotted with varying concentrations of external standard cephalexin USP. The purity of cephalexin was further verified through U.V. and I.R. studies. Our quantitative analysis focused on determining the active ingredient's weight based on the area under the peak. The results affirmed that all samples were within the 90%-120% range permitted by the USP 2007 standards, with recoveries approximating 100%, indicating remarkable accuracy and precision. Interestingly, BRULEXIN brand demonstrated the closest recovery to 100%. These findings suggest the effectiveness of HPLC as a rapid, accurate, and sensitive method for pharmaceutical analysis, not only for cephalexin but potentially for other medications as well, highlighting its suitability for routine quality control in the pharmaceutical industry.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <ul> <li>All cephalexin capsule samples met the USP 2007 standard, indicating consistent quality in the Iraqi pharmaceutical market.</li> <li>High accuracy and precision of HPLC in quantifying active ingredients highlight its potential for broader pharmaceutical applications.</li> <li>BRULEXIN brand showed the closest to 100% recovery, underscoring the variability among different manufacturers.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>Cephalexin Capsules, HPLC Analysis, Pharmaceutical Quality Control, Iraqi Market, Drug Purity</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ekhlass T Soore, Najib Al Sabea https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8383 The Effect of Hepatitis B Vaccine on Health Workers in Medina 2024-03-05T06:28:44+00:00 Rayan Talaat Karali rthk0558444476@hotmail.com Faridah Mohd Said Said@gmail.com Khalid Homod Algaydi Algaydi@gmail.com Abdulrahman G. Alharbi Abdulrahman@gmail.com Adel Muslim Alharbi AdelMuslimAlharbi@gmail.com Mohammed Abdullah Alharbi MohammedAbdullahAlharbi@gmail.com Basmah Meqbel Alharbi BasmahMeqbel@gmail.com Majed Ghali Alharbi MajedGhali@gmail.com Bader Awad Almohammadi Almohammadi@gmail.com Khalid Adnan Shujaa Shujaa@gmail.com Ahmed Fahed Alanazi AhmedFahed@gmail.com Abdullah Ghali Alharbi Abdullahghali@gmail.com <p>This study aimed to assess hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination rates among healthcare professionals and understand their knowledge about HBV transmission. Conducted in a healthcare setting, the research employed survey methods to collect data on vaccination status and awareness levels. Alarmingly, only 25% of healthcare workers were found to be vaccinated against HBV, highlighting a significant gap in protection. Additionally, a considerable lack of awareness regarding HBV transmission was observed among the participants. These findings underscore the urgent need for targeted vaccination campaigns and educational initiatives within primary healthcare environments. The study advocates for mandatory HBV vaccination as a condition of employment for healthcare workers, coupled with ongoing infection prevention and control training. Further research is recommended to explore the prevalence of HBV infection among healthcare professionals in primary care settings and to assess the broader implications for public health. This study serves as a critical call to action for healthcare systems to prioritize HBV vaccination and education, thereby safeguarding both healthcare providers and patients from HBV infection risks.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Low Vaccination Rates:</strong> Only 25% of healthcare workers are vaccinated against HBV, indicating a critical need for improved vaccination coverage in healthcare settings.</li> <li><strong>Knowledge Deficit:</strong> There is a significant lack of awareness among healthcare professionals about HBV transmission, necessitating educational programs.</li> <li><strong>Policy Implications:</strong> The study advocates for mandatory HBV vaccination for healthcare workers, emphasizing the importance of infection control measures for public health safety.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>Hepatitis B Vaccination, Healthcare Workers, Infection Prevention, Public Health, Vaccination Awareness</p> 2023-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rayan Talaat Karali, Faridah Mohd Said, Khalid Homod Algaydi, Abdulrahman G. Alharbi, Adel Muslim Alharbi, Mohammed Abdullah Alharbi, Basmah Meqbel Alharbi, Majed Ghali Alharbi, Bader Awad Almohammadi, Khalid Adnan Shujaa, Ahmed Fahed Alanazi, Abdullah Ghali Alharbi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8929 Wireless Incubators and Photodynamic Therapy Enhance Premature Infant Care 2024-05-13T22:17:48+00:00 Yusur Jawad Kadhim yuserjawadk@gmail.com <p>This study addresses the critical health challenges faced by premature infants by developing an innovative, wirelessly controlled incubator using Arduino technology. By maintaining optimal environmental conditions (37°C and 50% humidity), similar to a mother's womb, and utilizing photodynamic therapy with a 400nm wavelength light to treat jaundice, our system reduces the risks associated with traditional wired setups and operational costs. The results demonstrate effective regulation of temperature and humidity, as well as a reduction in bilirubin levels, suggesting that this technology has significant potential to enhance neonatal care for premature infants.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Wireless control systems in incubators improve safety and reduce the complexity and cost associated with traditional wired setups.</li> <li>Photodynamic therapy effectively reduces bilirubin levels, addressing jaundice in premature babies.</li> <li>Maintaining optimal incubator conditions of 37°C temperature and 50% humidity mirrors the environment of a mother’s womb, enhancing survival rates.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Premature Infants, Wireless Technology, Incubator, Photodynamic Therapy, Neonatal Care</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Yusur Jawad Kadhim https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8925 Nurses’ Knowledge Regarding Management of Hypovolemic Shock: A Cross-Sectional Study 2024-05-15T01:46:19+00:00 Maher Atiyah maher.abdulameer@uobasrah.edu.iq <p>Hypovolemic shock, a common post-surgery complication, poses significant challenges globally, particularly in trauma-related fatalities. Understanding nurses' knowledge of hypovolemic shock management is crucial for improving patient care and reducing mortality rates. However, research assessing nurses' knowledge in this area remains limited, especially in specific hospital settings. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate nurses' knowledge of hypovolemic shock management at Al-Basrah Teaching Hospitals. Data from 120 nurses were collected using a questionnaire-based survey and analyzed using SPSS version 26. Results indicated that most nurses demonstrated good knowledge (58%), while 39% had moderate knowledge and 3% had inadequate knowledge. This study highlights the need for targeted educational interventions to enhance nurses' understanding of hypovolemic shock management, potentially leading to improved patient outcomes and reduced mortality rates.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ol> <li>Comprehensive assessment: Nurses' knowledge evaluated at Al-Basrah Teaching Hospitals.</li> <li>Knowledge distribution: Majority of nurses showed good understanding of shock management.</li> <li>Practice implications: Highlight importance of targeted educational interventions for nurses.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Hypovolemic Shock, Nurses' Knowledge, Management, Al-Basrah Teaching Hospitals, Patient Care</p> 2024-05-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Maher Atiyah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8961 Adipokines Identify Crucial Biomarkers for Hypertension in Iraq 2024-05-28T03:47:22+00:00 Zainab F. Salbookhh zainab@gmail.com Usama H. Ramadhan usama@gmail.com Gibran K. Hassan gibran@gmail.com <p>Adipokines, which are generated by adipose tissue, are biologically active compounds that function similarly to traditional hormones. These proteins are involved in cellular signaling and control or modify several biological processes in target organs such as the brain, liver, muscles, heart, blood vessels, pancreas, and immune system. Adipokines can be incorporated into new diagnostic approaches as biological indicators of different metabolic, inflammatory, and cardiovascular conditions. The study was conducted at Al-Basrah Teaching Hospital on hypertensive patients between December 2022 and March 2023. This study included a sample of fifty-three patients with hypertension, whose ages ranged from 30 to 60 years. The features of these patients were compared to the same variables in a group of fifty-three healthy volunteers aged 30 to 40 years. This study aimed to identify the most significant alterations in serum apelin, spexin, and serum electrolyte levels (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and chloride) in patients solely diagnosed with hypertension. The analysis involved a statistical examination of the variables. The hypertension group had lower apelin and higher spexin levels than the control group. Additionally, each group had normal electrolyte levels (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride). The control group had somewhat higher potassium, calcium, and chloride levels than the hypertension group. The concentration of apelin does not influence sodium, calcium, magnesium, or chloride. Negative potassium correlation for apelin. However, spexin concentration does not impact sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium. Spexin concentrations are negatively correlated with apelin and chloride concentrations.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Adipokines Role: Adipokines are key in cellular signaling affecting multiple organs.</li> <li>Study Findings: Hypertensive patients showed lower apelin and higher spexin levels.</li> <li>Serum Electrolyte Levels: normal in both groups, with minor differences in potassium, calcium, and chloride.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Adipokines, Hypertension, Apelin, Spexin, Electrolytes</p> 2024-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Zainab F. Salbookhh, Usama H. Ramadhan, Gibran K. Hassan https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8979 Nano Quercetin Accelerates Wound Healing in Laboratory Mice 2024-05-16T05:30:09+00:00 Rasha Ali Salman amer.tawfeeq@iccmgr.org Amer Talib Tawfeeq amer.tawfeeq@iccmgr.org Mohanad W. Mahdi Alzubaidy amer.tawfeeq@iccmgr.org <p>This study explores the use of Curecetin nanoparticles, synthesized and characterized through X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), and measured using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with sizes ranging from 13.40 to 44.66 nm. We conducted in vivo experiments on laboratory animals, applying nanoparticle doses of 10 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg to 30 mm wounds. Skin wounds pose significant medical challenges due to potential complications like rupture and delayed healing. Results indicated that Curecetin nanoparticles significantly accelerated wound healing, with wound size reduction observed as early as the second day and substantial healing by the eighth day, suggesting the potential of nanoparticles in therapeutic applications for skin wounds.</p> <p><strong>Highlights</strong>:</p> <ul> <li>Precise Characterization: Curecetin nanoparticles were precisely synthesized and characterized using XRD, FTIR, and SEM.</li> <li>Rapid Healing: The study showed that Curecetin nanoparticles significantly accelerated wound healing in laboratory animals.</li> <li>Clinical Potential: Results indicate a promising future for nanoparticle applications in treating skin wounds clinically.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Nanoparticles, Curecetin, Wound Healing, Nanotechnology, Organism</p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Rasha Ali Salman , Amer Talib Tawfeeq, Mohanad W. Mahdi Alzubaidy https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8996 Elevated CRP and IL6 Levels Predict Severe Cardiovascular Outcomes in COVID-19 Patients 2024-05-19T13:17:23+00:00 Ali Abdel Moneim Mohammed Hussain Al Khuzaie ali_alkh.bio@sci.utq.edu.iq Enas Abdul Kareem Jabbar Enaskareemjj0@gmail.com Bushra Jabbar Albadry bushra.jh.bio@sci.utq.edu.iq <p>This study explores the association between C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and cardiovascular complications in COVID-19 patients. Utilizing an ELISA kit for IL-6 and standard tests for CRP, we analyzed 192 samples, finding higher infection rates among the 50-69 age group, with significant prevalence of morbid obesity. Results showed a strong correlation between elevated CRP and IL-6 levels and the severity of cardiovascular complications, particularly in critical cases. These findings suggest that monitoring these biomarkers could be crucial for early intervention and managing cardiovascular risks in COVID-19 patients, potentially improving patient outcomes in clinical settings.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Biomarker Correlation: Elevated CRP and IL-6 levels are linked to severe cardiovascular complications in COVID-19 patients.</li> <li>Risk Management: Monitoring these biomarkers helps in early intervention and managing cardiovascular risks.</li> <li>Demographic Insights: The highest infection and complication rates are among the 50-69 age group with significant obesity.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>COVID-19, Cardiovascular Complications, CRP, IL-6, Biomarker Monitoring</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ali Abdel Moneim Mohammed Hussain AlKhuzaie https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8999 Nurses in Iraq Show Alarmingly Low Infection Control Adherence 2024-05-19T15:09:10+00:00 Alyaa H. Ali alyaa.ali@uobasrah.edu.iq <p>This study assesses nurses' adherence to standard precautions and infection management at the Republican Hospital in Basrah through a descriptive cross-sectional survey of 50 nurses, using a WHO-guideline-based questionnaire. The results indicate poor practice among 86% of nurses, with significant differences in adherence across age groups and workplace settings. The findings highlight the necessity for regular, targeted education to improve infection control practices, thus enhancing patient safety and care quality.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>High Non-Adherence: 86% of nurses show poor infection control practices.</li> <li>Demographic Differences: Age, workplace impact standard precaution adherence.</li> <li>Need for Education: Targeted training essential to enhance safety.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Nurses’ Commitment, Health Guidelines, Infection Control, Standard Precautions, Healthcare Safety</p> 2024-05-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Alyaa H. Ali https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5928 Anemia's Role in Premature Rupture of Membranes 2024-05-20T05:07:30+00:00 Isnaniyah kinan1174@gmail.com Rafhani Rosyidah rafhani.rosyida@umsida.ac.id <p>Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM) occurs before labor, typically at or beyond 37 weeks of gestation. This study investigates the relationship between anemia, Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED), and cesarean section history with PROM to aid early detection and prevention. Using a cross-sectional design, data from 94 third trimester pregnant women at the Wonoayu Health Center (January 2021 - June 2022) were analyzed. Results showed anemia was significantly associated with PROM (p=0.012), while CED and cesarean history were not. The study concludes that managing anemia in pregnant women is crucial to reduce PROM risk, highlighting the need for timely education and intervention.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:&nbsp;</strong></p> <ol> <li>Anemia significantly increases PROM risk.</li> <li>No link between CED, cesarean history, and PROM.</li> <li>Managing anemia crucial for PROM prevention.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Premature Rupture of Membranes, Anemia, Chronic Energy Deficiency, Cesarean Section, Pregnancy</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Isnaniyah, Rafhani Rosyidah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8299 Adolescent Pregnancy in Indonesia Leads to Severe Psychological Impact 2024-05-21T04:14:15+00:00 Arni Azis Yuliyantiningsih arniazis.1209@gmail.com Nurul Azizah nurulazizah@umsida.ac.id <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-2" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="9c3ac6a6-c83c-4da5-a734-8d3e7a562f6c"> <div class="flex w-full flex-col gap-1 juice:empty:hidden juice:first:pt-[3px]"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to unwanted pregnancies, leading to significant psychological impacts. This study explores the psychological effects of pregnancy on 15-18-year-old adolescents, focusing on a 17-year-old case study. Using in-depth interviews and the DASS 42 scale, we found that pregnancy in adolescents leads to depression, anxiety, and stress, affecting both the individual and their environment. The subject experienced familial neglect and initial denial, attempted to terminate the pregnancy, but ultimately accepted it with family and partner support. The findings highlight the need for robust support systems and preventive education to address adolescent pregnancy's psychological challenges.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Adolescent pregnancy causes severe depression, anxiety, and stress.</li> <li>Family and partner support is crucial for coping.</li> <li>Preventive education is essential for reducing psychological distress.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; dolescent pregnancy, psychological impact, depression, anxiety, stress</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2024-05-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Arni Azis Yuliyantiningsih, Nurul Azizah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/5941 Global Impact of Delayed Cord Clamping on Newborn Health 2024-05-21T05:13:47+00:00 Muarofah Muarofah afah.setiawan@gmail.com Siti Cholifah siticholifah@umsida.ac.id Paramitha Amelia Kusumawardani paramitha@gmail.com Rafhani Rosyidahi Rosyidahi@gmail.com <p>Anemia and neonatal jaundice are major contributors to infant mortality. This study investigates the effects of delayed umbilical cord clamping on neonatal hemoglobin levels and jaundice. Using a quasi-experimental posttest-only control design, 101 newborns were sampled and divided into immediate clamping (&lt;3 minutes) and delayed clamping (&gt;3 minutes) groups. Hemoglobin levels were measured within 24 hours, and jaundice was assessed on days 4-7. Results showed that delayed clamping significantly increased hemoglobin levels (P = 0.000) and reduced jaundice incidence (P = 0.010). The findings suggest that delayed clamping improves early infant health outcomes and should be adopted in health facilities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Delayed clamping improves hemoglobin, reduces jaundice in newborns.</li> <li>Quasi-experimental design compares immediate vs. delayed cord clamping effects.</li> <li>Adopting delayed clamping enhances early infant health outcomes.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Anemia, neonatal jaundice, delayed cord clamping, hemoglobin levels, infant health</p> 2024-05-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muarofah Muarofah, Siti Cholifah, Paramitha Amelia Kusumawardani, Rafhani Rosyidahi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7052 Revolutionizing Hospital IT Security through ISO 27001 Launched in Indonesia 2024-05-21T13:05:18+00:00 Tasya Rafiiqa tasyarafiiqa19@gmail.com Uce Indahyanti uceindahyanti@umsida.ac.id Umi Khoirun Nisak umikhoirun@umsida.ac.id <p>This study examines the security of the E-HOS System at RSUD Ibnu Sina Kab. Gresik, identifying critical threats and vulnerabilities, and offering mitigation strategies. Using qualitative methods, including interviews, observations, and documentation, data was collected from December 2022 to May 2023. The OCTAVE framework revealed 17 potential risk events, with user-related risks being the most significant, showing an RPN as high as 162 for access rights abuse. The study recommends implementing ISO 27001 controls—Access Control, Human Resource Security, and Communications Security—to enhance system security. These findings highlight the importance of robust IT security governance in healthcare settings.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li><strong>Critical Risks:</strong> 17 events, highest risk in user access rights abuse.</li> <li><strong>Methodology:</strong> Used OCTAVE framework, interviews, observations, documentation.</li> <li><strong>Recommendations:</strong> Implement ISO 27001 controls: Access Control, HR Security, Communications Security.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; E-HOS System, SIMRS security, OCTAVE method, risk assessment, ISO 27001</p> 2024-05-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Tasya Rafiiqa, Uce Indahyanti, Umi Khoirun Nisak https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7812 High Dose Sesbania Grandiflora Extract Alters Rat Kidney Electrolytes based on Insights from Indonesia 2024-05-22T02:36:33+00:00 Mokhamad Amirul Hidayat 191335300009@umsida.ac.id Jamilatur Rohmah jamilaturrohmah@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the acute toxicity of white turi flower extract (Sesbania grandiflora) on kidney electrolyte levels in rats (Rattus norvegicus). Conducted at Muhammadiyah University of Sidoarjo, male Wistar rats were divided into control and treatment groups, receiving 10,000, 15,000, and 20,000 mg/kgBW doses. Symptoms of toxicity included lethargy and hair loss, but no deaths occurred. Despite normal macroscopic kidney observations, sodium and potassium levels significantly increased with higher doses (p=0.000). These findings suggest that high doses of white turi flower extract can affect kidney electrolytes, indicating potential toxicity. Further research is needed to assess long-term safety for medicinal use.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <p>1. High doses increase sodium and potassium in rat kidneys.<br>2. Symptoms: lethargy, hair loss, no fatalities.<br>3. Requires further research for long-term safety.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Sesbania grandiflora, acute toxicity, kidney electrolytes, sodium, potassium</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mokhamad Amirul Hidayat, Jamilatur Rohmah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7753 Prolonged Gadget Use May Delay Language Development in Young Children 2024-05-22T03:02:22+00:00 Fida Putri Nurrahma Aliany fidaputrina14@gmail.com Hesty Widowati hesty@umsida.ac.id <p>This study examines the relationship between gadget use duration and language and speech development in toddlers aged 3-5 years in Ketimang Village, Wonoayu. Using a cross-sectional analytic observational method, data were collected from 30 mothers through questionnaires on gadget use and developmental screening. The results indicated that most children using gadgets for over an hour showed doubtful language and speech development, but no significant relationship was found. The findings highlight the need for cautious gadget use among young children to prevent potential developmental delays. Ethical considerations, including anonymity and informed consent, were strictly observed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li><strong>Participants</strong>: 30 mothers with 3-5-year-old toddlers in Ketimang Village.</li> <li><strong>Finding</strong>: Gadget use over one hour showed doubtful language development.</li> <li><strong>Ethics</strong>: Ensured anonymity, confidentiality, and informed consent.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Gadget use, language development, speech development, toddlers, cross-sectional study</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Fida Putri Nurrahma Aliany, Hesty Widowati https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8096 Powerful Antibacterial for Wound Healing using Betel Leaf Extract 2024-05-22T04:46:57+00:00 Hida Salmah Fajriati hida92chan@gmail.com Nurul Azizah nurulazizah@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the antibacterial properties of betel leaf (Piper Betle L) extract on suture wound infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Using 25 Webster mice divided into five groups, the research compared the healing effects of 5%, 10%, and 15% betel leaf extract against a control group and a gentamicin antibiotic group over 8 days. Results, measured with the REEDA scale, indicated that the 15% extract was most effective, achieving optimal healing by the eighth day. These findings suggest that betel leaf extract, particularly at higher concentrations, could serve as a potent alternative to traditional antibiotics for treating bacterial wound infections.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ol> <li>15% Extract Most Effective: Achieved complete healing by eighth day.</li> <li>Comparative Study: Betel leaf extract vs. control and gentamicin.</li> <li>Antibacterial Alternative: Potential for treating bacterial wound infections.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Betel leaf extract, Piper Betle L, wound infection, Staphylococcus aureus, antibacterial</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hida Salmah Fajriati, Nurul Azizah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8276 The Devastating Psychological Impact on Elementary School Students of Bullying in Indonesia 2024-05-22T10:21:15+00:00 Salsadila Elsa Nugroho cuteelsaa@gmail.com Nurul Azizah cuteelsaa@gmail.com <p>This study examines bullying at Larangan Sidoarjo Public Elementary School in South Sidoarjo and its psychological effects on victims. Using a qualitative case study method, data were collected through interviews and observations with teachers, parents, and victims, supplemented by secondary sources. Analysis followed the Miles and Huberman approach. Findings indicate that bullying includes both physical and verbal forms, leading to psychological issues such as low self-confidence, environmental anxiety, trauma in forming new friendships, and communication embarrassment. One notable case involved a student, RDF, who became introverted and sad due to verbal bullying about physical differences. The study underscores the need for effective anti-bullying programs and psychological support in schools.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <p>1. Bullying Types: Physical and verbal forms identified.<br>2. Psychological Impact: Low self-confidence, anxiety, trauma in friendships.<br>3. Case Highlight: RDF became introverted from verbal bullying about physical differences.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Bullying, Psychological effects, Elementary school, Qualitative study, Anti-bullying programs</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Salsadila Elsa Nugroho, Nurul Azizah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7336 The Tuina Acupressure Boosts Toddler Weight 2024-05-22T14:47:53+00:00 sekarlita Normaulida Anggraini sekarlitana70@gmail.com Evi Rinata evi.rinata@umsida.ac.id <p>This study investigates the impact of tuina acupressure on the weight of malnourished toddlers in Jenisgelaran Village, Bareng, Jombang, Indonesia. Using a quasi-experimental design, 22 toddlers were divided into control and treatment groups, with the latter receiving daily tuina acupressure for 15 minutes over one month. Weight changes were measured before and after the intervention. Results showed a significant increase in the weight of toddlers who received tuina acupressure (P = 0.003). These findings suggest that tuina acupressure can effectively enhance weight gain in malnourished toddlers, recommending its integration into health practices by caregivers and healthcare&nbsp;providers.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <p>1. Effective Intervention: Tuina acupressure increased toddler weight significantly (P = 0.003).<br>2. Study Methodology: Quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest on 22 toddlers.<br>3. Practical Application: Recommends tuina acupressure for malnutrition management in toddlers.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> tuina acupressure, toddler weight gain, malnutrition, quasi-experimental study,&nbsp;Indonesia</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 sekarlita Normaulida Anggraini, Evi Rinata https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8310 Bridging Communication Gaps for Maternal Well-being 2024-05-22T15:11:47+00:00 Khoirotul Qiftiyah khoirotulqiftiyah14@gmail.com Nurul Azizah nurulazizah@umsida.ac.id <p>This study examines the stress levels of a pregnant woman, Mrs. ARN, living with her in-laws, using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS 42). At 18 weeks gestation, Mrs. ARN showed mild stress, normal anxiety, and normal depression levels. Her stress stemmed from poor communication with her mother-in-law, leading to discomfort and emotional distress, which negatively impacted her appetite and well-being. The findings highlight the need for effective adaptation strategies and strong spousal support to create a harmonious living environment, reducing stress and promoting healthy pregnancy&nbsp;outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <p>1. Measurement of Stress: Mrs. ARN's stress, anxiety, and depression were assessed using the DASS 42 scale, revealing mild stress.<br>2. Communication Issues: Poor communication with her mother-in-law was a significant source of Mrs. ARN's stress and emotional discomfort.<br>3. Need for Support: Effective adaptation strategies and spousal support are crucial for reducing stress and ensuring healthy pregnancy outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Pregnancy stress, in-laws, DASS 42, spousal support, adaptation strategies</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Khoirotul Qiftiyah, Nurul Azizah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9035 High Appendicitis Incidence in Young Adults Calls for Routine Histological Examination 2024-05-29T00:11:54+00:00 Zainab Khairullah Aouda zainab-kha@utq.edu.iq Ahmed Aziz Ahmed ahmed-aziz@utq.edu.iq Dmoaa Majid Nasar DmoaaMajidNasar@utq.edu.iq <p>This study explores the histopathological changes associated with appendicitis in appendicectomy specimens from Nasiriyah General Hospital. Employing a retrospective analysis on twenty specimens, it aims to underscore the importance of routine histological examinations. Findings reveal that all specimens were afflicted with appendicitis, featuring notable occurrences of mucosal glandular hyperplasia (43%), mucosal and submucosal layer necrosis (42%), and severe inflammatory cell infiltration (71%). These results highlight the necessity of comprehensive histological assessments in appendicectomy specimens to enhance diagnostic accuracy and improve patient management, particularly among adolescents and young adults.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>All specimens confirmed appendicitis with significant alterations.</li> <li>Routine histological exams critical for accurate diagnosis.</li> <li>Enhanced scrutiny improves adolescent, young adult treatment.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Appendicitis, Histopathological Changes, Appendicectomy, Histological Examination, Adolescents</p> 2024-05-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Zainab Khairullah Aouda, Ahmed Aziz Ahmed, Dmoaa Majid Nasar https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9063 Positioning Preterm Newborns for Cardiorespiratory Stability A Global Insight 2024-05-30T02:28:44+00:00 Haneen Abdul Hussein Shamkhi hanin.abd2204m@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq Adraa Hussein Shawq hanin.abd2204m@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq <p>This study assessed the effects of supine, prone, and right lateral positioning on the cardiorespiratory indicators of preterm newborns using a randomized controlled trial with 60 participants. Measurements of heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation were taken before and after the application of these positions over three days. Results indicated significant improvements in all cardiorespiratory parameters in the intervention groups (p = 0.000), while the control group showed no significant changes. The findings suggest that strategic positioning can be an effective part of developmental care in neonatal intensive care units, enhancing the stabilization of vital functions in preterm newborns.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Strategic Positioning: Enhances cardiorespiratory stability in preterm newborns.</li> <li>Methodological Rigor: Employs a robust randomized controlled trial.</li> <li>Practical Implications: Recommends routine NICU positioning strategies.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Preterm Newborns, Cardiorespiratory Stabilization, NICU, Positioning Strategies, Randomized Controlled Trial.</p> 2024-05-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Haneen Abdul Hussein Shamkhi, Adraa Hussein Shawq https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9087 Hyperglycemia and Cholesterol Surge in Iraqi Diabetic Patients 2024-05-31T06:44:24+00:00 Afak Rasheed Salman Zaidi Afaaq.rasheed@uodiyala.edu.iq Ali abbas Ali Afaaq.rasheed@uodiyala.edu.iq <p>Diabetes mellitus, a metabolic disorder characterized by abnormal hyperglycemia, often correlates with dyslipidemia. This study examined the relationship between random blood sugar (RBS) levels and cholesterol types (HDL, LDL, and total cholesterol) in 350 patients from Diyala, collected between February and April 2023. Results showed higher blood sugar levels in females (22.3%) than males (19.7%) among the elderly (≥60 years). Type 2 diabetes was more prevalent than type 1 (77% vs. 5.4%). Cholesterol levels were elevated in 26% of patients. RBS was high in 82% of patients, and 49% had elevated total cholesterol. Both age groups 41-60 and ≥60 had high hyperglycemia incidence (32%), with higher prevalence in females (40.6%) compared to males (35.7%). These findings underscore the need for targeted interventions to manage blood sugar and cholesterol levels.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Prevalence: Type 2 diabetes is significantly more common than type 1 among patients in Diyala.</li> <li>Gender Disparity: Females exhibit higher blood sugar and cholesterol levels compared to males.</li> <li>Age Impact: Elevated blood sugar is prevalent in both middle-aged and elderly populations, necessitating targeted interventions.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperglycemia, Cholesterol, Insulin Resistance, Dyslipidemia</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Afak Rasheed Salman Zaidi, Ali abbas Ali https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9093 Evaluating Nursing Students' Understanding of Hydatid Disease in Iraq 2024-06-03T04:44:57+00:00 Husham Hussain Abdul Ra’aoof husham197476@gmail.com <p>This study investigates the knowledge, attitudes, and awareness regarding Hydatid Disease among Nursing College students at the University of Basrah, recognizing its status as a neglected zoonotic disease. Utilizing a descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based approach, data were collected from 380 male and female students across the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th stages of study. Results reveal a significant lack of knowledge, with over half of the participants demonstrating poor understanding of the disease. Only a small fraction exhibited good knowledge, emphasizing the urgent need for heightened awareness initiatives. Interestingly, older students showed slightly better attitudes compared to younger ones. These findings underscore the necessity for targeted educational interventions to improve knowledge and attitudes toward Hydatid Disease among nursing students, ultimately enhancing public health outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Significant lack of knowledge among Nursing College students regarding Hydatid Disease.</li> <li>Urgent need for heightened awareness initiatives to address the knowledge gap.</li> <li>Targeted educational interventions required to improve attitudes and knowledge among students.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Hydatid Disease, Nursing College Students, Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude</p> 2024-06-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Husham Hussain Abdul Ra’aoof https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9103 Toxoplasma Infection Alters Lipid Profiles Challenging Cardiovascular Norms 2024-06-07T07:12:10+00:00 Qasim Ibrahim Khalaf qa.ibrahim69@gmail.com <p>This study conducted at Baquba Teaching Hospital from January to April 2024, investigated the lipid profiles of 75 participants (50 patients with Toxoplasma and 25 controls) aged between 50 and 60 years. Existing research suggests a potential link between Toxoplasma infection and alterations in lipid metabolism; however, specific effects on different lipid fractions are not well-understood. This study aimed to explore the association between Toxoplasma infection and changes in lipid profiles, particularly focusing on whether infection status correlates with variations in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Venous blood samples were collected pre-breakfast and processed to obtain serum, which was analyzed for lipid profiles. The findings indicated that lipid levels generally increased in Toxoplasma patients compared to controls, except for a decrease in HDL levels. These results suggest that Toxoplasma infection could influence lipid metabolism, potentially impacting cardiovascular risk. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms underlying these changes and their clinical implications.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Toxoplasma infection is linked to significant changes in lipid profiles.</li> <li>The study identifies a unique decrease in HDL levels among infected individuals.</li> <li>Implications suggest potential cardiovascular risks associated with Toxoplasma.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Toxoplasma, Lipid Metabolism, Cardiovascular Risk, HDL Decrease</p> 2024-06-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Qasim Ibrahim Khalaf https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9106 Unlocking Nurse Satisfaction Global Imperatives for Retention and Wellbeing 2024-06-07T07:23:21+00:00 Hassan Mohammed Hassan Hasan.Hasan2206m@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq Faraj Faraj dr.raad@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq <div class="flex-shrink-0 flex flex-col relative items-end"> <div class="pt-0.5 juice:pt-0"> <div class="gizmo-bot-avatar flex h-6 w-6 items-center justify-center overflow-hidden rounded-full juice:h-8 juice:w-8"> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-8 w-8">This study explores job satisfaction among nurses through a descriptive cross-sectional analysis conducted from January to April 2024, using a purposive sample of 400 participants. The findings reveal that while 85.9% of nurses are moderately satisfied with their jobs, satisfaction varies significantly between internal job elements (77.5% satisfaction) and external job factors (62.2% satisfaction). The study recommends the implementation of career development programs, recognition initiatives, and work-life balance strategies, alongside stress management and resilience training, to enhance overall job satisfaction and prevent burnout. These measures are crucial for improving healthcare outcomes and reducing staff turnover.</div> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-8 w-8">&nbsp;</div> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-8 w-8"><strong>Highlights:</strong></div> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-8 w-8"> <ul> <li>Moderate Satisfaction: Most nurses are moderately satisfied, highlighting areas for improvement.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Satisfaction Disparity: There's a significant gap between satisfaction with internal and external job elements.</li> <li>Strategic Interventions: Career development and stress management programs are recommended to boost satisfaction and retention.</li> </ul> </div> <div class="relative p-1 rounded-sm flex items-center justify-center bg-token-main-surface-primary text-token-text-primary h-8 w-8"><strong>Keywords: </strong>Nurse Satisfaction, Job Factors, Healthcare Management, Stress Prevention, Workforce Stability</div> </div> </div> </div> 2024-06-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hassan Mohammed Hassan , Faraj Faraj https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9104 Gender Age Disparity in Amoebiasis Prevalence in Iraq 2024-06-07T07:38:56+00:00 Qasim Ibrahim Khalaf qa.ibrahim69@gmail.com <p>This comparative cross-sectional study evaluates the prevalence of <em>Entamoeba histolytica</em>, the causative agent of amoebiasis, in the human population of Diyala Governorate, conducted at Alshams Medical Labs in Baqubah city. Despite the global health burden of amoebiasis, particularly in developing countries, data on its age and gender-specific prevalence remain sparse. Aimed at filling this knowledge gap, our research specifically assessed the distribution of E. histolytica in males and females across two age groups (1-15 years and 15-45 years). The study found that 74% of females aged 1-15 years harbored both cysts and trophozoites, while males of the same age group showed a markedly lower prevalence at 19%. In the 15-45 year age group, males demonstrated a higher prevalence (50%) compared to females (9%). These findings suggest significant gender and age-related disparities in the prevalence of <em>E. histolytica</em>. The results could inform targeted public health interventions and contribute to more effective management and prevention strategies for amoebiasis in endemic regions.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Gender Disparity: Marked differences in infection rates between males and females.</li> <li>Age Influence: Varied prevalence across different age groups.</li> <li>Health Strategy Needs: Highlights the necessity for targeted public health interventions.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Amoebiasis, Entamoeba Histolytica, Prevalence, Gender Disparity</p> 2024-06-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Qasim Ibrahim Khalaf https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9125 Hearing Loss in Iraq Deteriorates Social and Environmental Quality of Life 2024-06-11T07:46:03+00:00 Sarah Abed Alsada sara.abd2206m@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq Nuha Adel Ibrahim nuhaa@conursing.uobaghdad.edu.iq <p>This study investigates the impact of hearing loss on social interactions and environmental behaviors in individuals, utilizing a descriptive method at the Otolaryngology Department of Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital, Iraq, with 200 participants from December 25, 2023, to March 1, 2024. Participants underwent pure tone audiometry and completed the WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) Version in Arabic. Results indicate a moderate decline in social and environmental quality of life among those with hearing loss, highlighting the necessity for targeted interventions to improve outcomes. This study underscores the need for regular auditory screenings and enhanced support services to better the quality of life for individuals suffering from hearing loss.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Quality of Life: Hearing loss significantly impacts social and environmental interactions.</li> <li>Intervention Need: Highlights the necessity for targeted interventions to improve life quality.</li> <li>Screening Importance: Emphasizes regular auditory screenings to detect and manage hearing loss early.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Hearing Loss, Social Interaction, Environmental Behavior, Quality of Life, Auditory Health</p> 2024-06-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Sarah Abed Alsada, Nuha Adel Ibrahim https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9135 Modulation of p53 and p21 Genes Expression in Cardiovascular Cultured Cells 2024-06-13T07:36:02+00:00 Shurooq Hussein Jaber Al Jebur shurooq.jabeer@qu.edu.iq <p>This study explores the role of the p53 and p21 genes, central to the cell cycle arrest pathway, in cardiovascular diseases, focusing on their modulation by endocannabinoid ligands. Previous research has established the significance of CNR1 in cardiovascular regulation; however, its interaction with p53 pathways remains underexplored. We aimed to investigate the effects of Anandamide and Rimbonant on the expression levels of p53 and p21 in smooth muscle cells at both mRNA and protein levels. Our results indicate that Anandamide significantly increases p53 mRNA (3.191±0.38, Pv≤0.01) and protein (31.37±2.60) levels, while Rimbonant shows a decrease after 1 hour of treatment. Similarly, p21 expression was upregulated by Anandamide and downregulated by Rimbonant. These findings suggest that manipulating p53 activity through CNR1 ligands could potentially mitigate cardiovascular disease risks, warranting further investigation into their pharmacological applications.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Gene Modulation: Anandamide boosts p53 and p21 expression.</li> <li>Rimbonant Effects: Rimbonant reduces these gene levels.</li> <li>Therapeutic Potential: Indicates possibilities for cardiovascular disease treatment.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>P53 Gene, Cardiovascular Disease, Endocannabinoids, Anandamide, Rimbonant</p> 2024-06-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Shurooq Hussein Jaber Al Jebur https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9139 Pregnancy Self-Care Gaps Between First-Time and Experienced Mothers in Iraq 2024-06-14T07:59:26+00:00 Fatima Shamkhi Atiyah fatima.sh@s.uokerbala.edu.iq Sajidah Saadoon Oleiwi Sajidah.s@uokerbala.edu.iq <p>This study explores self-care behaviors among primigravida and multigravida women in Holy Karbala City, focusing on managing minor pregnancy discomforts. Amidst hormonal changes that alter the maternal body, understanding and implementing effective self-care is pivotal for pregnant women's health. This descriptive quantitative research utilized a non-probability sample of 350 women across three trimesters, analyzed using SPSS version 26. Results indicate that self-care behaviors were moderate overall and similarly moderate concerning minor discomforts. A significant correlation was found between the women's self-care behaviors and their educational level, occupation, family type, gravidity, number of abortions, parity, and length of marriage, with respective p-values of .001, .002, .004, .001, .002, .008, .050, and .011. The findings highlight the necessity of targeted educational strategies to enhance self-care practices among pregnant women, addressing demographic and reproductive characteristics that influence these behaviors.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Moderate Self-Care: Both primigravida and multigravida women displayed moderate self-care for pregnancy discomforts.</li> <li>Correlation with Demographics: Self-care behaviors correlate significantly with education, occupation, and family type.</li> <li>Need for Education: Findings suggest enhancing educational programs to improve self-care among pregnant women.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Pregnancy Self-Care, Primigravida, Multigravida, Discomfort Management</p> 2024-06-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Fatima Shamkhi Atiyah , Sajidah Saadoon Oleiwi https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9141 Assessing Nursing Students' Knowledge of Sleeve Gastrectomy Effects 2024-06-16T02:03:56+00:00 Samahir Sabri Hamid Wasfi.abid_ali@uobasrah.edu.iq Wasfi Dhahir Abid Ali Wasfi.abid_ali@uobasrah.edu.iq Maher Abdulameer Atiyah Wasfi.abid_ali@uobasrah.edu.iq <p>This descriptive study assesses the knowledge of gastric sleeve procedures among 55 fourth-year nursing students at the College of Nursing in 2024. Recognizing the crucial role of nurses in managing obesity through surgical interventions, this research aims to identify educational gaps within the nursing curriculum. The students were evaluated using a structured questionnaire focused on their understanding of the procedure's link to obesity factors. Results indicated that the majority of students had a satisfactory knowledge level, with significant mean scores; however, about 25% of the responses—mainly those detailing surgical specifics—showed insufficient knowledge. These findings highlight the need for enhanced educational focus on bariatric surgery in nursing programs to better prepare students for clinical responsibilities in patient care and surgical support.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Knowledge Level: Majority of students showed good understanding of gastric sleeve procedures.</li> <li>Knowledge Gaps: About 25% lacked detailed surgical knowledge.</li> <li>Educational Implications: Results suggest the need for enhanced bariatric surgery content in nursing curricula.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Gastrectomy, Obesity, Nursing Education, Bariatric, Knowledge&nbsp;</p> 2024-06-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Samahir Sabri Hamid, Wasfi Dhahir Abid Ali, Maher Abdulameer Atiyah https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9150 S. aureus Colonization in Atopic Dermatitis Raises Global Concern 2024-06-20T01:36:20+00:00 Jaafar Ali Muhammad jaafar@yahoo.com Assoc.Prof. Dr. Adawia Fadhil Abbas Alzubaidi adwa-a2000@yahoo.com Khaled Al-Hussein Muhammad Idris khaled@yahoo.com Mutaman A. A. Kehail mutaman@yahoo.com <p>Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is often worsened by <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> colonization, which compromises the skin barrier and increases inflammation. This study aimed to identify risk factors for <em>S. aureus</em> infection in AD patients. Swabs from 100 AD patients at Baqubah Teaching Hospital, Iraq, were analyzed from October to February 2023. <em>S. aureus</em> was identified in 40% of patients using the Vitek 2 device. Results showed a significant correlation between <em>S. aureus</em> colonization and AD, particularly in younger patients, with the highest infection rates in males over 40. These findings highlight the need for targeted treatments to manage <em>S. aureus</em> in AD, potentially improving patient outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ol> <li>High Infection Rates: S. aureus found in 40% of AD patients.</li> <li>Age Correlation: Higher colonization in younger AD patients.</li> <li>Targeted Treatment: Emphasize targeted therapies for managing S. aureus in AD.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Atopic Dermatitis, Staphylococcus aureus, skin barrier, microbial dysbiosis, infection risk</p> 2024-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jaafar Ali Muhammad, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Adawia Fadhil Abbas Alzubaidi, Khaled Al-Hussein Muhammad Idris, Mutaman A. A. Kehail https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9151 Nano-Chitosan and Aschorbic Acid Synergistically Combat Resistant Staph in Atopic Dermatitis 2024-06-21T23:56:16+00:00 Jaafar Ali Muhammad jaafar@yahoo.com Assoc.Prof. Dr. Adawia Fadhil Abbas Alzubaidi adwa-a2000@yahoo.com Khaled Al-Hussein Muhammad Idris khaled@yahoo.com Mutaman A. A. Kehail mutaman@yahoo.com <p>Chitosan, derived from natural sources like fish scales and fungal cell walls, forms nanoparticles (NPs) with notable antimicrobial properties. This study examines the antibacterial effects of ascorbic acid combined with nano-chitosan on Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 100 atopic dermatitis (AD) patients. Using the Vitek 2 Compact device for bacterial identification and antibiotic sensitivity testing, we found that nano-chitosan/ascorbic acid composites significantly inhibited the growth of multidrug-resistant S. aureus. The antimicrobial activity increased with higher concentrations, highlighting the potential of this natural polymer blend as an effective treatment for AD-related bacterial infections.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Effective Inhibition: Nano-chitosan/ascorbic acid inhibits multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.</li> <li>AD Focus: Targets S. aureus in atopic dermatitis patients.</li> <li>Green Alternative: Uses natural, non-toxic antibacterial agents.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Chitosan nanoparticles, Ascorbic acid, Staphylococcus aureus, Atopic dermatitis, Antibacterial treatment</p> 2024-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jaafar Ali Muhammad, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Adawia Fadhil Abbas Alzubaidi, Khaled Al-Hussein Muhammad Idris, Mutaman A. A. Kehail https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9204 Low Pre-Conception Health Among Iraqi College Women Linked to Age and Socioeconomic Status 2024-07-04T00:40:06+00:00 Nawres jameel Arief nawrasjamil5@gmail.com Prof dr Arkan bahlol Naji arkan@gmail.com <p>This study explores pre-conception health behaviors among female college students at the University of Baghdad, highlighting a critical gap in non-Western contexts. Conducted from October 2023 to March 2024 with 144 participants, the cross-sectional study assessed pre-pregnancy health behaviors using a validated 5-point Likert scale. Results showed that 74.4% of students exhibited low pre-conception health behaviors, with significant predictors being age (p = 0.008), academic grade (p = 0.041), and socioeconomic status (p = 0.035). The average participant age was 20.63 years, with most in their first academic year and living with parents. The findings emphasize the need for targeted interventions and educational programs to improve pre-pregnancy health awareness and behaviors in this demographic.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ol> <li>High Prevalence: 74.4% exhibited low pre-conception health behaviors.</li> <li>Influential Factors: Age, grade, and socioeconomic status significantly impacted behaviors.</li> <li>Intervention Needed: Educational programs essential for improving pre-conception health awareness.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> pre-conception health, female college students, predictive factors, socioeconomic status, health behaviors</p> 2024-07-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nawres jameel Arief, Prof dr Arkan bahlol Naji https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8113 Emotion, Conformity, Aggression: Insights from Vocational High School Dynamics 2024-01-04T01:31:29+00:00 Muhammad Anwar Idris Al Mahsuny anwaridris032@gmail.com Dwi Nastiti dwinastiti@umsida.ac.id <p>This quantitative correlational research investigates the impact of emotion regulation and peer conformity, both individually and concurrently, on aggressive behavior among students at Krembung Islamic Vocational High School. Utilizing a sample of 210 students from a population of 463, the study employed the emotion regulation scale, peer conformity scale, and aggression behavior scale. Multiple regression analysis with SPSS Ver.21 revealed significant results. Emotional regulation demonstrated a negative influence on aggressive behavior, while peer conformity exhibited a positive effect. Moreover, the combined impact of emotional regulation and peer conformity on aggressive behavior was established, with an overall influence of 20.7%. These findings contribute to the understanding of factors influencing aggressive behavior in the context of vocational high school students, emphasizing the importance of emotional regulation and peer dynamics.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Impact of Emotional Regulation and Peer Conformity: The study explores the individual and combined effects of emotion regulation and peer conformity on aggressive behavior among vocational high school students.</p> </li> <li> <p>Quantitative Correlational Research: Utilizing multiple regression analysis, the research employs a quantitative approach to understand the relationships between emotion regulation, peer conformity, and aggressive behavior.</p> </li> <li> <p>Practical Implications for Education: The findings provide insights for educational institutions in addressing and managing aggressive behavior by considering the roles of emotion regulation and peer conformity among students.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> emotion regulation, peer conformity, aggressive behavior, vocational high school, quantitative correlational.</p> 2024-01-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Anwar Idris Al Mahsuny, Dwi Nastiti https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/9145 The Student’s Psychological Stress During Covid-19 2024-06-19T15:49:57+00:00 Qabila Ibrahim Hasan qabila.ibrahim021@gmail.com <p>This study investigates psychological stress among middle school students in Baquba district during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on potential gender-based differences. Despite established evidence of heightened stress levels during pandemics, few studies have explored these impacts on school-aged children and potential variances between genders. Utilizing a balanced sample of 100 students (50 male and 50 female) from four schools, this research employed a psychological stress scale with confirmed psychometric properties, including a stability coefficient of 0.80. Statistical analysis revealed significant stress levels among the students, yet no gender differences were identified at the 0.05 significance level. These findings suggest that interventions aimed at reducing student stress during pandemics need not differentiate between male and female students but should instead focus on strategies that address the broader student population.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Significant psychological stress exists among middle school students during COVID-19.</li> <li>No statistical difference in stress levels between male and female students.</li> <li>Stress reduction interventions should target all students, regardless of gender.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Psychological Stress, COVID-19, Gender Differences, Middle School, Stress Interventions</p> 2024-06-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Qabila Ibrahim Hasan https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8120 Circulating Microrna-146a as A Biomarker Related To Inflammation in Thalasemia Patients 2023-11-28T01:51:26+00:00 Heba Hani Hamzah hibahani984@gmail.com Nawal Khinteel Jabbar jabbar11@gmail.com <p>This study delves into the intricate realm of microRNAs (miRNAs), non-coding RNA molecules that wield significant influence in the pathogenesis of various disorders. With the advent of advanced technologies, accurate quantification of miRNA abundance across diverse tissues is now attainable. Notably, extracellular circulating microparticles have emerged as robust, stable indicators for blood-based disease diagnostics. This investigation explores the dynamic interplay between circulating microparticles and clinical phenotypes, offering valuable insights into disease intricacies. The research narrows its focus to recent developments in employing circulating microparticles as biomarkers for prevalent inflammatory disorders, including infections endemic to thalassemia patients in the city of Diwaniyah, Iraq. Current findings paint a promising future for the utilization of circulating microparticles in the management of inflammatory diseases. In conclusion, this comprehensive exploration of miRNA's regulatory role in globin gene expression has the potential to revolutionize the landscape of thalassemia, ameliorating clinical manifestations and symptoms of this debilitating hemoglobinopathy. The identification of miRNAs implicated in the disease's pathophysiology not only paves the way for novel diagnostic markers but also opens new horizons for therapeutic interventions.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :</strong></p> <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hvfml-79elbk h-full dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-hvfml-1n7m0yu"> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm dark:bg-gray-800"> <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 gizmo:border-0 dark:border-gray-900/50 gizmo:dark:border-0 bg-gray-50 gizmo:bg-transparent dark:bg-[#444654] gizmo:dark:bg-transparent" data-testid="conversation-turn-15"> <div class="p-4 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 md:py-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 gap-4 text-base mx-auto md:gap-6 gizmo:gap-3 gizmo:md:px-5 gizmo:lg:px-1 gizmo:xl:px-5 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] gizmo:md:max-w-3xl gizmo:lg:max-w-[40rem] gizmo:xl:max-w-[48rem] xl:max-w-3xl }"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 gizmo:w-full md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li> <p>MiRNA Significance: MicroRNAs play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of various disorders, offering potential insights into disease mechanisms.</p> </li> <li> <p>Circulating Microparticles: Extracellular circulating microparticles are stable blood-based indicators, holding promise for disease diagnostics and management, especially in the context of inflammatory disorders.</p> </li> <li> <p>Thalassemia Insights: This study highlights the potential impact of miRNAs on globin gene expression, offering new avenues for the diagnosis and treatment of thalassemia, a debilitating hemoglobinopathy.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> MicroRNAs (miRNAs), Circulating Microparticles, Thalassemia, Inflammatory Disorders, Disease Diagnostics</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-10-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Heba Hani Hamzah, Nawal Khinteel Jabbar https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8121 Novel Synthesis of Thiopyrimidine Compounds from Dibenzo-18-Crown-6 and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity 2023-11-28T01:47:08+00:00 Zena Abdali zenaabdaliabdali@gmail.com Raheem Jameel Mahesein mahesein@gmail.com <p>In this study, we present a novel synthesis approach for the production of thiopyrimidine compounds, including P-OH-Thiopyrimidine, P-NO2-Thiopyrimidine, and P-Cl2-Thiopyrimidine, from the precursor compound dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB-18-CE-6). These thiopyrimidine compounds have shown significant potential for various applications, particularly as antibacterial agents. The synthesis involved the reaction of DB-18-CE-6-derived alpha-beta unsaturated ketones with thiourea in a basic medium, resulting in successful cyclization. The synthesized thiopyrimidine compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against common bacterial strains, including Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and Proteus, and compared to the antibiotic Azithromycin. The results demonstrated that the thiopyrimidine compounds (Z, Z1, Z2, Z3) exhibited excellent antibacterial activity, surpassing Azithromycin, and highlighting their potential as effective alternatives to combat bacterial infections. This research opens new avenues for the development of antibacterial agents and emphasizes the significance of thiopyrimidine compounds in addressing bacterial resistance issues.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li>Novel synthesis of thiopyrimidine compounds from DB-18-CE-6.</li> <li>Evaluation of antibacterial activity against Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and Proteus.</li> <li>Potential of thiopyrimidine compounds as effective antibacterial agents.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords :</strong> Thiopyrimidine compounds, Antibacterial activity, DB-18-CE-6, Novel synthesis, Bacterial resistance.</p> 2023-10-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Zena Abdali Raheem Jameel Mahesein https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8376 EAS Cherenkov LDF Analysis: CORSIKA Simulations for Tunka-133 and Chacaltaya Arrays 2024-03-05T06:27:58+00:00 Kadhom F. Fadhel kadhumfakhry@uomustansiriyah.edu.iq A. A. Al-Rubaiee dr.rubaiee@uomustansiriyah.edu.iq <p>This study leverages CORSIKA simulations to analyze the Lateral Distribution Function (LDF) of Cherenkov photons in Extensive Air Showers (EAS) within the knee region of the cosmic ray energy spectrum (10^15 - 10^16 eV). Focusing on primary particles like helium, proton, oxygen, and iron nuclei at varying zenith angles (0˚, 20˚, and 45˚), we aimed to reconstruct Cherenkov photons' LDF using an Exponential Function model, tailored as a function of primary energy. Our approach involved a comparative analysis of simulated LDFs with experimental data from the Tunka-133 and Chacaltaya arrays. The results exhibit a high degree of concordance between simulated and observed data, affirming the validity of our method. We developed a set of approximation functions for different primary particles and zenith angles, enhancing our ability to identify the particle type in EAS events and accurately determine its energy. The primary contribution of our work lies in its potential to rapidly compile a comprehensive LDF pattern library, instrumental for analyzing real EAS array events and reconstructing the mass composition and primary cosmic ray energy spectrum. This advancement in CORSIKA-based simulation methods marks a significant stride in cosmic ray research, offering a robust tool for detailed EAS analysis.<br><br><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" data-testid="conversation-turn-10"> <div class="px-4 py-2 justify-center text-base md:gap-6 m-auto"> <div class="flex flex-1 text-base mx-auto gap-3 md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem] group final-completion"> <div class="relative flex w-full flex-col lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)] agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="3502d7e7-1707-4f83-af12-b21e1d325eef"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ul> <li><strong>Validation of Simulation Accuracy:</strong> Demonstrated high concordance between CORSIKA simulated LDFs and experimental data from Tunka-133 and Chacaltaya arrays.</li> <li><strong>Enhanced Particle Identification:</strong> Development of approximation functions for various primary particles and zenith angles, improving accuracy in identifying particle types in EAS events.</li> <li><strong>Advancement in Cosmic Ray Research:</strong> Potential to create a comprehensive LDF pattern library, significantly aiding in the reconstruction of mass composition and primary cosmic ray energy spectrum.</li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-1 flex justify-start gap-3 empty:hidden">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>CORSIKA Simulations, Cherenkov LDF, EAS Analysis, Cosmic Ray Spectrum, Particle Identification</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Kadhom F. Fadhel, A. A. Al-Rubaiee https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7992 Application of Science Explore Books on Earth and Solar System Materials to Improve Understanding of Science Concepts for Grade VII Students 2024-02-11T08:59:06+00:00 Roudhlotul Karomah kroudho@gmail.com Ria Wulandari ria.wulandari@umsida.ac.id <p>Understanding concepts is a very important aspect in learning, especially in science learning where there are many complex concepts and theories so good understanding is needed. The role of educators, methods and teaching materials will be maximized to provide students with a good understanding of concepts. This research aims to determine the increase in students' understanding of science concepts before and after the application of the Science Exploration Book on Earth and Solar System material in class VII by taking samples using a purposive sampling technique. Data collection in this research was in the form of pretest and posttest and analyzed using N-Gain to determine the increase in understanding of concepts that occurred. Based on the research results, there is an increase in the form of differences in the average results of students' pretest and posttest, so it can be concluded that the application of the Science Exploration Book can improve students' understanding of science concepts in Class VII on Earth and Solar System material with a low N-Gain Score category.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Key role of educators, methods, and materials in science concept understanding.</li> <li>Science Exploration Book enhances Class VII students' grasp of Earth and Solar System concepts.</li> <li>Research shows improvement with a low N-Gain Score category.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Concept Understanding, Science Exploration Book, N-Gain, Earth, Solar System.</p> 2023-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Roudhlotul Karomah, Ria Wulandari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/7993 The Effect of Guided Inquiry Learning Model on Student’s Scientific Communication Skills in SMPN 1 Gempol 2024-02-11T09:00:04+00:00 Firdausia Amanda Ari Octaviani firdausiaamandaari@gmail.com Ria Wulandari ria.wulandari@umsida.ac.id <p>One of the important skills to develop is scientific communication skills, communication is very important in everyday life. This research aims to determine the effect of the guided inquiry learning model on the scientific communication skills of class VII students at SMPN 1 Gempol, Pasuruan Regency. This research is a quasi-experiment conducted with a posttest-only design. The research sample was class VII D students as the experimental class and class VII C students as the control class with each class having 32 students. In this study, environmental pollution material was used in the experimental class, which was treated using the guided inquiry learning model, while the control class used the learning model commonly used by teachers at the school. The results of the research show that there are significant differences in value and influence in the guided inquiry learning model on written and oral scientific communication skills.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li> <p>Guided Inquiry Impact: Examines effect on scientific communication skills.</p> </li> <li> <p>Quasi-Experiment Framework: Utilizes posttest-only design for structured assessment.</p> </li> <li> <p>Written and Oral Proficiency: Highlights impact on both communication modes.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Guided Inquiry, Written Communication Skills,&nbsp; Oral Communication Skills</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Firdausia Amanda Ari Octaviani, Ria Wulandari https://acopen.umsida.ac.id/index.php/acopen/article/view/8373 Interpersonal Communication On The Quality Of Spousal Relationship Of Tb Ro Patients - Span Of Treatment Period 2024-03-05T06:26:45+00:00 Istiqomah Istiqomah istiqomah@umsida.ac.id <p>Tuberculosis is an irresistible illness that can go after anybody. The focal point of this examination purposely took instances of TB RO, where TB cases have a longest term of around 2 years contrasted with normal TB with a treatment time of 6 or 9 months. Then, the scientist plans to figure out the relational correspondence among husband and spouse couples, what is the nature of relational correspondence in couples impacted by TB RO illness, on the grounds that the treatment period is long, the nature of the husband and wife relationship might be viewed as in a terrible condition or the other way around, so this examination centers around the quality, for example, receptiveness, compassion, strong demeanor, inspirational perspective and balance found in relational correspondence while as yet focusing on a humanistic viewpoint where the component of humanistic accentuation is a lot of thought about in this point of view.</p> <p><strong>Highlights :&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Extended Treatment Impact</strong>: Investigates how the prolonged treatment duration of TB RO (up to 2 years) affects marital relationships, differing significantly from standard TB treatment timelines.</li> <li><strong>Communication Quality</strong>: Focuses on key aspects of communication quality in couples, including openness, empathy, supportive attitudes, positivity, and equanimity, amidst the challenges posed by TB RO.</li> <li><strong>Humanistic Approach</strong>: Emphasizes the importance of a humanistic perspective in understanding and addressing the psychological and emotional dimensions of coping with TB RO within marital dynamics.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong>interpersonal communication, relationship quality, husband - wife, TB - RO</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Istiqomah Istiqomah